Since my recent trip to the Sons of the American Revolution Library, I am following up by searching for more evidence of the service of various ancestors.
My ggggg-great grandfather John Emery of Townsend, Massachusetts is, so far, the best-documented soldier. I am related in this way: my grandfather Miles Edward Baldwin – his father M.E. Baldwin Sr – his father Edward Baldwin – his mother Polly Spaulding – her mother Lucy Emery – her father John Emery. Knowing from an index that John’s widow, Ruth Sanderson Emery, received a pension, I was able to find that in Fold3. She received the pension from 1839 until her death in 1851.
There are 32 pages in her widow’s pension file. I am transcribing most of that here. Gray text is included for completeness; brown text represents more relevant portions.
Emery, John W. Number: 14686 Ruth
I Jedidiah Jewett of Pepperell in the County of Middlesex in the State Massachusetts depose and say that I am eighty four years of age and that I am a pensioner of the United States for services rendered in the War of the Revolution. That I formerly lived in Townsend in said county of Middlesex that I was well acquainted with John Emery who former lived in said Townsend. Said Emery and myself enlisted in a company of Minutemen about the first day of September one thousand seven hundred and seventy four under Capt. James Hosley. We were called upon to march at the alarm of the Concord fight and did march the nineteenth of April one thousand seven hundred and seventy five to Cambridge Massachusetts. Said Emery and myself staid in the service a short time under said Capt. Hosley. We then enlisted for eight months in the Regiment commanded by Col. William Prescott. Said Emery enlisted said eight months under a Capt. Farwell and I enlisted under Capt. John Nutting. And said Emery and myself served said eight months out, which time expired the first of January one thousand seven hundred and seventy six.
I further depose and say that I was with said John Emery in said war in the year one thousand seven hundred seventy seven about three months and a half a month. We marched from Townsend sometime in September under Capt. James Hosley to a place called Battenskill in the State of New York, from there we marched to a place called Trulls Mills. From said Trulls Mills a part of the company went to Fort Edward and a part to Stillwater. Said Emery and myself were both in the Battle at the taking of General Burgoyne, we then marched down toward Boston as a guard to Burgoyne’s Army. We won made up pay for the said last term of service to the first day of January one thousand seven hundred and seventy eight. While Emery and myself were in the aforesaid eight months service we were both in the Battle of Bunker Hill, and further I say not.
Attest Paul Gerrish Jedidiah Jewett
Joel EmeryState of Massachusetts, Middlesex County. Then personally appeared the above named Jedidiah Jewett and made oath that the foregoing affidavit by him subscribed is true. Before me Paul Gerrish Justice of the Peace I certify the above named Jedidiah Jewett is a credible person. Paul Gerrish Justice of the Peace
I Jonathan Bailey of Townsend in the County of Middlesex in the State of Massachusetts depose and say that I am now eighty years of age and that I am a pensioner of the United States for services rendered during the War of the Revolution and that I am well acquainted with John Emery who formerly lived in said Townsend and who is now dead. Said John Emery and myself enlisted to go to the State of Rhode Island for the term of two months in Capt. John Minot’s Company in Colonel Whitney’s Regiment. We marched from said Townsend the tenth day of May of the same year that Burgoyne’s Army was taken. We first went to Providence, from Providence to East Greenwich, from there to East Kingston after which we were stationed in different places in Rhode Island until our two months had expired when we returned home. I lived a near neighbor to said Emery in the time of said war and I knew that he started to go to Cambridge at the time of the Alarm of the Concord fight and was gone eight or nine months and I knew he marched off with other soldiers at the time Burgoyne’s Army was taken he was gone some time from home but how long I cannot now recollect. I was not in the service with said Emery the two last mentioned times he was out. And further I say not.Attest Paul Gerrish Jonathan Bailey Benjamin Robinson State of Massachusetts Middlesex County August 27th 1838 Then personally appeared before me the above named Jonathan Bailey and made oath that the foregoing affidavit by him subscribed is true. Before me Paul Gerrish Justice of the Peace I certify the above named Jonathan Bailey is a credible person. Paul Gerrish Justice of the Peace
I Joel Emery of Townsend in the County of Middlesex in the State of Massachusetts depose and say that I am a son of John Emery who formerly lived in said Townsend and who is now dead. He died the night of the twelfth or the morning of the thirteenth of March one thousand eight hundred and twenty eight and left a widow who is my mother and who has never since been married since the death of my said father John Emery and that I am now forty six years of age.
State of Massachusetts
Middlesex County August 28th 1838Then personally appeared the above named Joel Emery and made oath that the foregoing affidavit by him subscribed is true. Before me Paul Gerrish Justice of the Peace I certify the above named Jonathan Bailey is a credible person. Paul Gerrish Justice of the Peace Declaration In order to obtain the benefits of the Act of Congress of the 7th of July 1838 entitled “An Act granting half pay and pensions to certain widows.” Commonwealth of Massachusetts Middlesex, County of On this twenty-eighth day of August eighteen hundred and thirty-eight personally appeared before me Solomon Strong one of the judges of the Court of Common Pleas of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts the same being a court of record Ruth Emery a resident of Townsend in said County of Middlesex, widow, aged seventy-nine years. Who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on her oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the Act of Congress passed July 7 1838 entitled “An Act granting half pay and pensions to certain widows.”
That she is the widow of John Emery late of said Townsend who served as a private soldier in the Revolutionary War. The said John Emery served at three different times. The first [occurred?] about the first day of September seventeen hundred and seventy four, that is he enlisted at that time as a minute man and marched at the time of the Concord fight April 19, 1775 under Capt. James Hosley and remained a short time in service under him and then enlisted for eight monthsin the regiment commanded by Col. William Prescott. He enlisted under a Capt. Farwell and said John Emery served out said eight months which expired the first day of January seventeen hundred and seventy six. The second time of service was in the year seventeen hundred and seventy seven about three months and one half. He marched from Townsend sometime in September under Capt. James Hosley to a place called Battenskill in the state of New York from there to a place called Trulls Mills and from said Trulls Mills a part of the company went to Fort Edward and a part to Stillwater. He was in the battle at the taking of Burgoyne and then marched down towards Boston as a guard to Burgoyne’s army and his pay was made up to January 1, 1778.
He was in the Battle of Bunker Hill. The third time of service was, the said John Emery served in Rhode Island two months in Capt. John Minot’s company and Col. Whitney’s Regiment. He marched from said Townsend on the tenth day of May of the same year that Burgoyne’s army was taken. He went to Providence, from Providence to East Greenwich from there to East Kingston after which he was stationed in different places in said Rhode Island until the term of two months had expired when he returned home. She further declares that she was married to the said John Emery at Lunenburg in the County of Worcester and commonwealth aforesaid, on the seventh day of December 1780 by the Reverend Zabdiel Adams then the settled and ordained minister of said town. And she further declares that the said John Emery died at said Townsend on the twelfth day eighteen hundred and twenty eight and she has remained his widow ever since never since having married. She further declares that her name before she was married was Ruth Sanderson. That she was not married to him prior to his leaving the service but the marriage took place previous to the first of January seventeen hundred and ninety four viz at the time above noted. She further declares that she has not in her possession any documentary evidence except what is her best [?] and cannot procure any other further evidence except what is [?].
Witness, Solomon Strong Ruth Emery Her Mark
Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Middlesex County on this twenty eighth day of August eighteen hundred and thirty eight, personally appeared before me Solomon Strong a judge of the Court of Common Pleas for said County of Middlesex the same being a court of record Ruth Emery above named and subscribed the above declaration by making her mark in my presence and I witnessed the same and she made solemn oath to the truth of the above declaration before me. The same Ruth Emery is unable by reason of bodily infirmity to attend court. Solomon Strong Judge C.C. Pleas.I certify that I took the examination of the said Ruth Emery at Townsend aforesaid. Solomon Strong Judge C.C. Pleas.
[statement of the Lunenburg, Mass. town clerk concerning the 1780 marriage record, omitted here]Commonwealth of Massachusetts Town Clerk’s Office, Middlesex County, Townsend, August twenty eighth, Eighteen hundred and thirty eight I David Palmer Clerk of the town of Townsend County and Commonwealth aforesaid, make the following extracts from the records of said town in my possession. (to wit.) Record of Town Meeting
“1st. At a legal meeting of the inhabitants of Townsend held on Monday 14th day of April 1777.
Art. 3 voted six pounds to each of the eight months men at Cambridge.
2. At a regular meeting of the inhabitants of Townsend holden March 1 177[8?]
Art. 4 Voted to accept the report of the Committee chosen to estimate the services done in the war which is as follows, To the men that went with James Hosley at the taking of Burgoyne (1777) 45/ each. To the six months men that went with Capt.Lakin to Rhode Island in 1777 – 30/ each/ “I David Palmer clerk of the Town, County, and Commonwealth aforesaid depose and say, that the above are true Extracts, from the records of the town of Townsend aforesaid, now in my possession. David Palmer Town Clerk.
[Verifications by Clerk Elias Phinney and Judge Solomon Strong omitted here]
These lines may Sertifie all whome it may Concern that John Emery whilst he belonged to this town Served in ye Continental Service was estamated by ye Commitee chose by ye town for that Purpose at Eight Pounds thirteen shillings and eight pence [?] Townshend April ye 9th 1779. [3 signatures ??? ?] for Townshend.Paid at the Treasury under the Act of the 6 April 1838 from 4 March 1839 to 4 Sept 1839 – [?] notified 19 June 1840. Massachusetts – 2044 Ruth Emery, widow of John Emery, dec. and who died on the 12th of March 1828. Of Middlesex in the State of Masstts – who was a priv & corp in the company commanded by Captain Hosley of the Regt commanded by Capt. Prescott in the Masstts line for 9 mos. 29 days [?] 2 mos 10 days [?] Inscribed on the Roll of Massachusetts at the rate of 41 Dollars and 77 Cents per annum, to commence on the 4th day of March 1836. Certificate of Pension filed the 13th day of March 1837 and sent to Paul Gerrish, Esq., Townsend, Masstts. Arrears to the 4th of March, 1839 125.31 Semi-annual allowance ending 4 Sept 20.88 ————– [total] 146.19 Act July 7, 1838 Recorded by S.A. Elliot Clerk, Book A Vol. 1 page 85.
[a very similar form follows, omitted here, no amounts given, called Massachusetts 1140, saying “sent to Isaac Fiske, East Cambridge, Mass.”, Recorded Book A, Vol. 1, p. 41]
[The following letter from a Boston attorney names other recipients of widows’ pensions:]James L. Edwards, Esq Com. of Pensions Merchants Bank Boston 2 Sept 1848
Enclosed are the declarations made by the following named widows, to obtain the Benefit of the Act of Congress if 2 Feb 1848.
They wish that their Pension Certificates may be sent to my care.
Your Obed. servant
G. L. Bulfinch
- Adams, Hannah
- Chapin, Lavina
- Darling, Priscilla
- Eames, Anna
- Hartwell, Merriel
- Hill, Sarah
- Jewett, Sarah
- Lewis, Lucy
- Shearman, Sarah
- Woodward, Elizabeth
[These two are grouped: ]
- Fairbanks, Beulah
- Smith, Elizabeth
[These four are grouped with an illegible note: ]
- Brackett, Betsy
- Chapin, Lucy
- Pratt, Mary
- Wood, Lovice
[These six are grouped: ]
- Adams, Elizabeth
- Ball, Phebe
- Carley, Mary
- Emery, Ruth
- Searle, Hannah
- Messer, Betsy
[1900’s correspondence with Mrs. Nellie Emery Henson, Tenney Morse, and Mrs. J.A. Crocker omitted here. ]
[further 1843 and 1848 paperwork from Boston pension agents omitted here]Source: “Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files.” Digital Images, Fold3.com (http://www.fold3.com : accessed 5 August 2012), entry for John Emery and widow Ruth. Massachusetts. Pension Number W.14686. NARA M804. Washington: The National Archives, Catalog ID 300022 (“Case Files of Pensions and Bounty-Land Warrant Applications Based on Revolutionary War Service, documenting the period ca. 1775-ca. 1900″). The post you are reading is located at: http://wp.me/p1JmJS-Ht