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Archive for the ‘Andrews’ Category

So in my search for the origins of the Jesse and Sarah Andrews who lived in Ashford, Connecticut in 1820, I have concentrated recently (see the previous post) on a family by that name who seemed to disappear from Warwick, Rhode Island after 1810.

The problem

As the search goes on, I have come to believe that poverty is playing a big role in the lack of available evidence.  Around 1800, most of my other New England ancestors were doing many of the following things:

  • farming, and using ear marks for cattle (well maybe ear marks were more common in 1700)
  • buying and selling property; paying taxes
  • recorded in state or federal census records
  • occasionally: divorce or other lawsuits, licenses for various businesses, church membership, graduating from college
  • holding various small public service positions in their towns or serving in the military
  • recording the births of children with the town
  • having their own death noted briefly in a local paper, and/or recorded by the town
  • leaving an estate that required probate and/or guardianship of children
  • buried in a grave with a marker

But, not so much with Jesse Andrews.  While I do have some good evidence of his parentage and his father’s family tree, this is all I have on Jesse himself:

  • 1795 – Jesse Andrews and Sally Arnold married in Warwick, by James Jerrauld, Justice.  He was the son of “Philip, dec.”  She was the daughter of Joseph.
  • 1797 – Jesse, a “mariner”, purchased a house and lot on Main Street, East Greenwich, R.I.  His brother Christopher seemed to have a half share of it.
  • 1798 – Jesse, age 32, received a Seaman’s Protection Certificate, Providence, Rhode Island. Reportedly had been born in Warwick R.I.
  • 1799 – Jesse returned from a 4 month voyage to Surinam as crew on the Brig Fanny (B. Alger, Master)

ship

  • 1800 – Jesse, “yeoman alias mariner” sold the East Greenwich house and lot.  Christopher seemed to sell his half share.
  • 1800 – Census - Jesse was living in Warwick with 3 children and two women.  Joseph Arnold was a neighbor. Freelove Andrews was next door (may possibly be his widowed mother)
  • 1810 – Census - Jesse living in Warwick with an adult female and 7 children under 16.  Joseph Arnold was a neighbor. Freelove Andrews was next door (may possibly be his widowed mother)
  • –  THIS IS THE POINT WHERE THE TWO FAMILIES MAY OR MAY NOT BE THE SAME —
  • 1820 – Census - Jesse living in Ashford, CT with two females over 16 and 8 children under 16.
  • 1830 – Census - Jesse living in Ashford, CT with a female, 50-59.
  • 1832 – Jesse purchased a 50 acre property in southeastern Ashford, with a mortgage
  • 1838 – Jesse sold the 50 acre property to his son Alden; Alden mortgaged it, then sold it in 1839.
  • 1838 – when daughter Hannah (my ggg-grandmother) married in 1838, she was “of Ashford.”
  • [after this, I find records for a Benjamin B. Andrews and widowed mother Sarah - not proved she is the same Sarah. No death record for Sarah.]

Looking for family and neighbors

I have been tracking family and neighbors like crazy.  That is probably the only thing that will solve this but so far, it has only provided numerous clues.  There are three main impediments:  (1) I only know one of Jesse’s siblings, but early census records show there are at least five more; (2) I only know two of Jesse’s children, but census records indicate there may be five more, and (3) Sally Arnold’s father was named Joseph Arnold, which is not only an incredibly common name in the area, but is shared with two others that made dozens of land transactions.  So I am still wading through that.

Years in Rhode Island

Jesse does not appear in the East Greenwich or Warwick land records except for the brief ownership of a house on Main Street, East Greenwich (which is adjacent to Warwick – the busy street is half East Greenwich, half Warwick).  The house and lot in East Greenwich were “24 square rods of land” (equals less than a sixth acre) so clearly Jesse was not going into farming on his own.  Since the deeds indicate he was a mariner in 1797 and was, by 1800, “yeoman, alias mariner” we know it’s the same person, but I can only suppose “yeoman” meant, in this case, farming someone else’s land, perhaps his father in law’s, Joseph Arnold, who seems to be nearby in the census.

The division between Warwick and East Greenwich is close to Main Street, EG.  Post Road marked in blue.

The division between Warwick and East Greenwich is close to Main Street, EG. Post Road marked in blue. Map from 1856.

The crew lists I examined at the Rhode Island Historical Society begin around 1797, so although I only have one record of a voyage for him, he may have had earlier voyages.  But clearly, from the deeds, he transitioned from mariner to yeoman by 1800.  I assume his plan to support a house for his growing family was not sustainable, although perhaps there was another reason to give up the house.

Years in Connecticut

Other than the land transactions in Ashford which definitely tie Jesse to the son I know about, Alden, and pretty much prove to me that the Jesse in Ashford is indeed my gggg grandfather, I am finding nothing else in Connecticut – no probate, no other property, no taxes, no death record for him or for Sarah, no graves, and no military records.

The one decent theory I have, tying Jesse & Sarah Andrews of Ashford to the Warwick couple, is reinforced by the numbers in the 1810 and 1820 census records – they had 7 children under 16 in 1810, and 8 in 1820.  A possible son, and his widowed mother Sarah, consistently claim after 1840 to have been born in Rhode Island. This additional son is named Benjamin B. Andrews.  He lived with a mother Sarah from about 1840 until 1861 when, I believe, she died.  I was surprised to see, as he grew older, that Benjamin developed quite a criminal record.

The life of a chicken thief

As I was preparing for my trip to the Connecticut State Archives, I came across a search screen for “Databases of Individuals Listed in State Archives Records“.  None of the data sets looked appropriate for my Andrews family so on a whim I tried “Wethersfield Prison Records 1800-1903.”  Uh oh.  A search for Andrews turned up this:

  • last name: Andrews
  • first name: Benjamin
  • residence: Eastford
  • court: Windham
  • crime: breaking and entering
  • victim: Higginbotham, Daniel
  • prison term: one year, six months
  • date issued: 2/14/1882

This was the person I have tentatively identified as Jesse’s son.  So that was not cheerful news, and I started a newspaper search for more details of Benjamin’s life (I knew he had lived in the towns of Ashford/Eastford, and Norwich at various times; he married twice, to Lucy B Snow, and Mary Ann Davis).  I found various criminal convictions, such as:

  • 09 December 1864Benjamin B. Andrews of Norwich, Ct., went out robbing hen roosts, on the 2d stole about a wagon load, was arrested, examined, case adjourned, and then he took leg bail.  [note - I believe that means he ran off]. (Springfield Union (Springfield, MA), p. 2).
  • 03 March 1866Benjamin B. Andrews of Norwich, has been arrested and bound over for trial by the superior court for pretending to be a justice of the peace and marrying a couple. (Providence Evening Press (Providence, RI) vol. XIV, iss. 157, p. 3).  Same story – 17 March 1866  (Springfield Republican (Springfield, MA), p. 8).
  • 30 April 1878Benjamin Andrews from Eastford, was brought before Judge Tilden last week, charged with stealing 10 chickens from Cha. Simpson of South Windham.  He was found guilty on circumstantial evidence, and fined $5 and costs.  He appealed, and in default of bonds was sent to Brooklyn to await trial.  He was well known at the jail, and bears a bad reputation among his neighbors.  It is stated that one year he sold 200 chickens and did not raise one of them.  (Willimantic Enterprise News, as transcribed on the Ancestry.com Message Board for “1877 Willimantic Enterprise News” item #1262)
  • 20 March 1882Benjamin Andrews, one of a gang of burglars who have plundered many houses in Windham County, has been sent to state prison for a year.  (New Haven Register (New Haven, CT) vol. XLII, iss. 66, p. 4.)

chickensBenjamin had married twice, and had several children.  He was usually listed as a farmer. Whether he was pursuing criminal activity his whole life, or only later in life, I don’t know.  He died of “Peritonitis” in 1885.  Benjamin appears in the Eastford, Connecticut death records (Town of Eastford Births Marriages Deaths, vol. 3 1881-1886, p.210-211)  with no place of birth, parents, or exact age listed.  Court or even prison records, if I can find them, might reveal more about his origins.

Poverty and genealogy

Jesse Andrew’s lack of wealth and property are holding back my progress on this search.  This will not come as news to genealogists, of course.  And it could be pointed out that sometimes, poverty itself causes records to be produced for an individual – “warnings out” for out-of-town residents who were falling on hard times, to put them on notice not to expect town support if needed, and perhaps consider relocating to their home town, also repayment by the town for support of the poor by residents who “bid” to house and feed them, or perhaps for the coffin and burial. Interviews were often a part of the warning-out system, involving the life story of the poor person, since the home town needed to be determined, and the rules on that were convoluted.  Finding any stray remnants of such interviews can be extremely helpful, of course.

Unwelcome Americans

Unwelcome Americans

In my frustration with the Jesse Andrews question I turned for help to a book which focuses on poverty in 18th-century Rhode Island.  Unwelcome Americans by Ruth Wallis Herndon (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001) traces the stories of 40 Rhode Island paupers, presenting as much of their lives, families, and experiences as can be known.  Genealogists would enjoy the book, which attempts to tell the stories that other history books never will.  Often, the stories are partial – a glimpse of a well-documented span of a couple years, perhaps, with no clear beginning and no clear end.  Because a number of Ruth’s profiles are of Warwick residents, I hoped to find some familiar names, but did not.  But I learned a lot about the undocumented nature of the life of paupers, and about the communities she describes in Rhode Island.

This glimpse into the world of Rhode Island’s somewhat invisible classes helped me to realize that Jesse’s absence from  town and tax records, vital records, newspapers, probate records, and cemeteries, with only brief stints of property ownership, probably puts him in the struggling un-landed class, with no real trade.  According to Unwelcome Americans, stints as ship crew members were common for poorer families during this period.  In neither location did Jesse’s fortunes sink low enough to put him on public assistance (I would have seen that in the town records I looked at).  In Warwick I suspect, from the census record evidence, that he and his wife usually lived with her father, or his mother.  By the time they got to Ashford, Connecticut, some of the older children were capable of helping out.  Indeed, an older sibling must have taken in the younger children if the 1830 census, showing Jesse and Sarah living alone, is to be believed, because daughter Hannah was only 12 then.

Jesse living near Benjamin Andrews as shown in the 1830 census.  Benjamin was a newlywed, living with his wife, Jesse and his wife are there, but Jesse's 2 youngest children are not present in either household.

Jesse living near Benjamin Andrews in Ashford as shown in the 1830 census. Benjamin was a newlywed, living with his wife, Jesse and his wife are there, but Jesse’s 2 youngest children are not present in either household.

In conclusion

The pattern that I noticed with many of my 19th century southern New England ancestors, that gradually lost the last remnants of family land after it had been divided many times over, seemed to strike early with Jesse Andrews and his family. They were poor.  Therefore I plan to pursue the following record types now:

  • General Assembly records in Rhode Island  – a Joseph Arnold of Warwick petitioned the General Assembly as an insolvent debtor in 1823.  While not certain to be Sarah’s father, it just might be since the record is unlikely to belong to the two wealthy Joseph Arnolds that I am already aware of.  This would be at the Rhode Island State Archives.
  • Court records in Rhode Island – there is a Kent County Court of Common Pleas record for the same petition, above.  This should be at the Rhode Island Judicial Archives.
  • Court records in Connecticut – there should be records related to some of Benjamin B. Andrews’ crimes, listed above (and many more, I expect).  If I could prove that he was Jesse’s son, that would be very significant, since he and his mother Sarah were born in Rhode Island.
  • Factory town records – since there is little evidence of the Andrews children in Ashford (for instance, their marriages), I should explore the Norwich area to see if they sought factory jobs there.  Son Alden pursued farming for the rest of his life, but there is no evidence of who the other children were or what they did.  My guess would be, they sought out factory jobs, or migrated north or west in search of available farmland.  Since daughter Hannah presumably met her husband in Norwich, and he worked in a factory there, I have sometimes wondered if she was a young factory worker, or living in town with older siblings.
  • Military records – Jesse’s father Philip served in the Revolutionary War, and died young, and I see no evidence that his widow (whose name I am unsure of) ever filed for a widow’s pension.  But I will keep looking.
  • Town records in Ashford – Although I have covered deeds, vital, probate and cemetery records in Ashford, I need to look more thoroughly through the town council records.

Sources for Warwick

I would not be nearly as far along with the Warwick/East Greenwich information without the following valuable works, all published by the Rhode Island Genealogical Society.  The first two contain hundreds of amazing footnotes explaining relationships and circumstances of the individuals named.  The last four books are transcriptions of some town council records.

  • Bamberg, Cherry Fletcher.  The Diary of Capt. Samuel Tillinghast of Warwick, Rhode Island 1757-1766.  Greenville, Rhode Island: Rhode Island Genealogical Society (Special Publication No. 3), 2000.
  • Bamberg, Cherry Fletcher.  Elder John Gorton and the Six Principle Baptist Church of East Greenwich, Rhode Island.  Greenville, Rhode Island: Rhode Island Genealogical Society (Special Publication No. 6), 2001.
  • Bamberg, Cherry Fletcher.  Gleanings from Rhode Island Town Records: East Greenwich Town Council Records, 1734 – 1774.  Rhode Island Roots Special Bonus Issue 2008.
  • Bamberg, Cherry Fletcher.  Gleanings from Rhode Island Town Records: East Greenwich Town Council Records, 1775 – 1800 Rhode Island Roots Special Bonus Issue 2009.
  • Bamberg, Cherry Fletcher.  Gleanings from Rhode Island Town Records: Warwick Town Council Records, 1742 – 1780 Rhode Island Roots Special Bonus Issue 2012.
  • Bamberg, Cherry Fletcher.  Gleanings from Rhode Island Town Records: Warwick Town Council Records, 1781 – 1801.  Rhode Island Roots Special Bonus Issue 2013.
Special issues of Rhode Island Roots containing transcribed and indexed town records.  RIGS members receive these - a great reason to join!

Special issues of Rhode Island Roots containing transcribed and indexed town records. RIGS members receive these – a great reason to join!

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2013/11/11/on-poverty-records-and-chicken-thieves

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I visited the Connecticut State Library for the first time this week.  The library, located in downtown Hartford on Capital Avenue, has a genealogy/history section on the lower level.  I parked in the parking garage just across Oak Street.

The Connecticut State Library front entrance

The Connecticut State Library front entrance

Examining the resources in advance, I consulted the Genealogists page (note that the collections extend for several pages).  There is a page of finding aids for historical collections, some of which are online.   There is a collection of digital records at the Connecticut State Library which can be searched online, and a search screen for “Databases of Individuals Listed in State Archives Records“.

My mission that day was to look for a death record for my gggg-grandmother Sarah Andrews, who died probably shortly after 1861, when she appeared in the Norwich City Directory boarding in the same house as her (I believe) son Benjamin Andrews. She would have been around 85 at that point.  I had been to Norwich, and also Eastford and Ashford, and had not found a record yet.  I was hoping to find a maiden name.

There is a long hallway to one side of the reading room that contains many of the well-known Connecticut card indices. You get to visit them in person!

There is a long hallway to one side of the reading room that contains many of the well-known Connecticut card indices. You get to visit them in person!

I do not have a lot of Connecticut ancestors, and certainly no early Connecticut families before 1800.   If I did, I would really have been at the right place.  For those who have those connections, I would say this library is a must-visit.

A Lamphere cousin in the Barbour Collection of Connecticut Vital Records

An Andrews record in the Church Records index

I was lucky that a well known Massachusetts genealogist was in the library that day, and helped me find all available resources for Sarah’s death, newspaper, probate, or church records.  Nothing was found, which was pretty much what I expected since I didn’t find it in the cities and towns I visited. But I should stress that there is a helpful library staff who would also have been happy to help.  This is not a place where the staff are stand-offish; they were very nice.

A Lamphere cousin in the Barbour Collection of Connecticut Vital Records

A Lamphere cousin in the Barbour Collection of Connecticut Vital Records

The Barber Collection of Vital Records didn’t help me much.  I have consulted it before online, but it was fun to use the card index in person.

There are several rows of newspaper microfilm in a back room.

There are several rows of newspaper microfilm in a back room.

The collection of Connecticut newspapers on microfilm was very impressive.  In the Hale newspaper index I did find a second, repeated death notice for another gggg-grandmother, Lydia (Miner) Lamphere, 1849, Norwich.  I had obtained one from the Norwich Courier previously; this one was in the Norwich Bulletin, January, 1849.

The book stacks contained town books, family genealogies, and related books and journals.

The book stacks contained town books, family genealogies, and related books and journals.

In the stacks, I looked for volumes on the local areas where the Andrews lived – Ashford, Eastford, and Norwich.  I also explored some typewritten and published books on various family names.  The collection was quite good and I found one or two items that were new to me.

The Hale Newspaper volumes

The Hale volumes

The Hale Cemetery index is not just a card file, but also consists of bound books where the cemeteries are presented section by section.  I found the section of Yantic Cemetery, Norwich, where some my Lamphere ggg-grandparents were buried, and some nearby sections with other relatives.  I took pictures of all those pages.

The microfilm (here, of local town records including vital, probate and land) was neatly and clearly labelled.

The microfilm (here, of local town records including vital, probate and land) was neatly and clearly labelled.

I looked through some town records on microfilm for Sarah’s death.  No luck.

My large cell phone doubles as a small tablet in libraries.  I access Evernote for my research notes and to-do's, and my tree on Ancestry.  Since I always have it with me, the notes are always where I need them.

My large Galaxy Note 2 cell phone doubles as a small tablet in libraries. I access Evernote for my research notes and to-do’s, my tree on Ancestry, any of my documents stored on Dropbox, and even take pictures in a pinch. My daughters call it the “genealogy phone.”  That’s not meant to be a compliment.

I always enjoy looking through the random materials collected in the Vertical Files.  I didn’t find much.

The main reading area at the library

The main reading area at the library

It wasn’t all that busy in the library that day, and I decided to ask the librarian about a question I have had for a long time – whether there could be any papers from the office of U.S. Representative John Turner Wait (1811-1899) in an archive somewhere.  He had a perfect resource for that – a volume called “A Guide to Research Collections of Former Members of the House of Representatives 1789-1987.”  John Turner Wait’s entry indicated that the Connecticut Historical Society had two letters and another set of correspondence with one individual.  None of that looked like it could possibly explain his relationship with my ggg-grandfather Russell Lamphere.  The librarian suggested I try his probate record, since obviously papers could have remained in private hands, and he helped me find the record.  The probate record was pretty revealing about his relationships with his two daughters and their husbands. He did not specifically mention his papers, and the contents and furnishings of his law library seemed to go to a partner.  The mystery continues. I recorded the names for future reference.  

My friend Barbara and I ate lunch in the lunchroom.

My friend Barbara and I brought our lunches and ate in the lunchroom.

The last thing I did was look at the 1861 city directory entry on microfilm where Sarah Andrews is mentioned for the last time.  Although I had seen the directories online at Ancestry.com, I noticed, this time, a useful map at the beginning of the book, and that the book was called “number 1″ which explains why I have never found one prior to 1861.  She does not appear from 1862 on.

Stedman's Directory of the City and Town of Norwich. Norwich, Conn., 1861. (no. 1) Page 1: map. Map should enlarge if clicked or opened.  Photograph from microfilm reader.

Stedman’s Directory of the City and Town of Norwich. Norwich, Conn., 1861. (no. 1) Page 1: map of the Original Town of Norwich. Map should enlarge if clicked or opened. Photograph from microfilm reader.

There was far more at the library/archives than I was able to explore in one day.  I always find that subsequent visits and questions are helpful.  All in all, an interesting trip, but I fear that Sarah’s death is unrecorded, so I will not be able to find her maiden name that way.  On to other Andrews strategies … one involves a chicken thief.

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2013/10/28/a-visit-to-the-conn-state-library

chickens

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Looking for a link between the Jesse Andrews family of Warwick, R.I. of 1810 and the Jesse Andrews family of Ashford, CT, 1820 has required a lot of patience and thought.  Here are 10 things I tried recently, and where they led me.  The story of Jesse and wife Sarah, parents of my ggg-grandmother Hannah Andrews, was detailed here.  My purpose is to find out what happened to the Warwick couple, and if they ended up in eastern Connecticut.

Word of caution:  I am related to Jesse and Sarah Andrews in Ashford, 1820.  I am only related to the Warwick folks if they are the same people.  Someday, I will know.

my grandmother is descended from Jesse Andrews

my grandmother is descended from Jesse Andrews

  1. A census of the census.  My idea, here, was to take the population of the 1810 census in Warwick and compare it, name by name, to the population of Ashford in 1820.  I wanted to see if others had migrated to Ashford, too.  This was fairly easy to set up, I opened each census record in Ancestry.com, scrolled back to page one, and using the typed index at the bottom of the page, copied that text one page at a time.  It was easy to just move the selected text to an open spreadsheet, with the mouse, and then move ahead to the next page of the census.  This resulted in a total of about 1,100 names.   I re-sorted the combined list and read it for duplicate first + last names that spanned the two places.  There were 5:  John Howard, Thomas Howard, William Howard, John Phillips, and John Smith.  Fine, but I don’t know what to make of that.  Inconclusive.

    My chart showing the two John Phillips

    My chart showing the two John Phillips

  2. Local historyI consulted Warwick’s Villages, Glimpses from the Past by Donald A. D’Amato (2009), The History of Warwick, Rhode Island by Oliver Payson Fuller (1875) and Edward Field’s State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations at the end of the Century Volume 2 (1902) for more information about what was going on in Apponaug/Cowesett/East Greenwich around 1790-1820.  During this time some mills sprang up in Apponaug.  There was a minor port and shipyard in Apponaug Cove, and a slightly larger port in East Greenwich.  As detailed in my last post, I know Jesse Andrews had a Seaman’s Certificate in 1798. Although I’ve only found one record of him shipping out internationally, in 1799, he may have worked in the shipyard or on local vessels.  Other events during that time include the War of 1812 (no participation that I can see; Jesse was a little old for that), the Great Gale of 1815, and the financial panic of 1819.  All of this could have driven them from their coastal life, inland, farming.

    Greenwich Bay, on west side of Narragansett Bay, leads to Apponuag and East Greenwich.  The area in between is called Cowesett.  Map by A. Finley, 1831.

    Greenwich Bay, on west side of Narragansett Bay, leads to Apponaug and East Greenwich. The area in between is called Cowesett. Map by A. Finley, 1831.

  3. The 1798 Direct Tax, Rhode Island.  As you can see on this Rhode Island Historical Society finding aid, “Direct Tax Records,” the federal government required the states in 1798 to compile “a particular list or description of each dwelling house” in order to create a tax assessment plan.  The descriptions of the houses often covered size of the lot, dimensions of the house, number of windows, outbuildings, owner’s name, lessee’s name, etc.  Luckily, Warwick is among the surviving records, which I viewed on microfilm.  Since Jesse and Sarah married in 1795 in Warwick and were included in the 1800 census for Warwick I was hopeful that I would find them there.  Alas, no, they were not in there, not even as tenants. There were no Andrews at all.  But, if accurate, this lack of an entry may be telling me that Jesse and his bride were living with family, or living in nearby East Greenwich.

    View of East Greenwich from the water.  From Picturespue Rhode Island, W. Munro, 1881.

    View of East Greenwich from the water. From Picturesque Rhode Island, W. Munro, 1881.

  4. Talking to a genealogy buddy.  Another genealogist and I had a talk about the problem.  She suggested that I should focus on the wife, Sarah.  Sarah is the daughter of Joseph Arnold of Warwick, but there were several JosephArnolds in Warwick in 1795, and no sign of a daughter Sarah among them.  But somehow I need to pursue this anyway.  So far I only have a probate record for one Joseph (not the right one), but need to pursue the others.  I tried looking at deeds at the Warwick City Hall, but that was not too helpful.

    One of several pages of Joseph Arnold deeds indexed at Warwick City Hall.  Note the "S.D." and "S.W." indicating "Son of D" and "Son of W".  Not every deed has that, of course.

    One of several pages of Joseph Arnold deeds indexed at Warwick City Hall. Note the “S.D.” and “S.W.” indicating “Son of D” and “Son of W”. That usage is common in Warwick.  Not every deed has that, of course.

  5. Looking at Sarah’s father. It seems very likely that Sarah’s father, Joseph Arnold, was alive at the time her marriage was recorded in 1795 (because Jesse’s father was specifically listed as “deceased”).   Joseph Arnold was a popular name in Warwick around this time.  One Joseph Arnold paid for a tavern license each year, as shown in the Warwick town council records that I viewed in at City Hall.  I think that may be the Joseph Arnold at Apponaug corners (see below), not the one I am looking for. 
  6. Reviewing published genealogies The Arnold Memorial and the William Arnold Outline are the works that pertain to the “Pawtuxet” Arnolds (both can be downloaded as pdf’s from the FamilySearch.org book section). I read each of these works entirely this time. I had been disheartened previously with the lack of a suitable Joseph/Sarah father/daughter match, but this time I realized that The Arnold Memorial is quite brief and concentrates mostly on wealthierArnolds (for instance, through probate records).  I realized that her absence from the book probably meant nothing.

    Governor Greene Mansion, located in Cowesett

    Governor Greene Mansion, located in Cowesett, from The History of Warwick, R.I. by Fuller, 1875.

  7. Maps.  The Warwick Historical Society has an extraordinary collection of old maps online.  I was amazed to find a map of the exact neighborhood and exact time period I wanted, that is, Apponaug 1805.  And, more amazingly, it contained a sketch of a Joseph Arnold house.  Putting together the details on the map, what I learned from The Arnold Memorial, and an examination of deeds at the Warwick City Hall, I was able to eliminate THAT Joseph Arnold and his son, Joseph Franklin Arnold.  That was a big help.

    Snippet of the 1805 Apponuag map, showing the rather grand three story house of Joseph Arnold - the WRONG Joseph Arnold - on a busy intersection near where the city hall is today.

    Snippet of the 1805 Apponaug map, showing the rather grand three story house of Joseph Arnold – the WRONG Joseph Arnold – on a busy intersection near where the city hall is today.  Map on the Warwick Historical Society website.

  8. Another approach to the census.  With a couple of JosephArnolds eliminated, I decided to look at every census record for Joseph Arnold in Warwick and East Greenwich, Rhode Island.  Now that I had eliminated some JosephArnolds, it got easier.  I identified two likely census records:
    • 1790 -  In East Greenwich, next to Jonathan Andrews, Whipple Andrews, and Joseph Card.  Probably my most significant find to date, and I’ve been working hard on this for months.  The Jonathan Andrews that had a son Whipple would have been the uncle of Jesse’s father, Philip (Jonathan and John Andrews were sons of Benoni Andrews).  Joseph Card was the husband of Jesse’s aunt, Welthian (Philip Andrews’ sister).
    • 1810 – In Warwick, there is a Joseph Arnold living right next door to Jesse Andrews. It seems like more than a coincidence, although it could possibly be a brother of Sarah’s, I suppose, instead of her father. Freelove Andrews appeared near him in several census records, and could possibly be his sister in law, Freelove (Rice) Andrews, if Jesse’s brother Christopher died young.  Or, it could be Jesse’s mother, who was a widow, name unknown.

    The 1810 Warwick census shows Jesse Andrews living between Freelove Andrews and Joseph Arnold. (Federal Census, Warwick, R.I. on Ancestry.com, p. 21 of 22.

    The 1810 Warwick census shows Jesse Andrews living between Freelove Andrews and Joseph Arnold. (Federal Census, Warwick, R.I. on Ancestry.com, p. 21 of 22.)

  9.  Cemetery Maps. There are hundreds and hundreds of cemeteries in Rhode Island.  Early on, there was little central control by any church.  Each family would have its own cemetery.  Looking up the “Joseph Card Lot” gave me a spot in East Greenwich where I believe the families mentioned in the 1790 census records may have been living. I base this on comparing the nearby family cemetery names with the 1790 census.  To see many of the R.I. lots on the map, try this set of links at Google Maps.  Note that sometimes, small lots were later moved when local cemeteries were built. 

    Thanks to Google maps and some wonderful volunteers for this useful map.

    Thanks to Google maps and some wonderful volunteers for this useful map.  See my link, above.

  10. Military records for Jesse’s father.  Jesse’s father was Phillip Andrews, born 1741 in East Greenwich, R.I.,  who died between 1786 and 1795.  I had seen Philip’s ancestry in a manuscript at the Rhode Island Historical Society although I had little other evidence to go on.  Looking more intently for evidence now, I came across two entries in Ancestry.com about military records for Philip Andrews:
    • he “Served in Col. Harris’ Regt. in 1760, and in Capt Tew’s Co. in 1762” – this was taken from A List of Rhode Island Soldiers and Sailors in the Old French & Indian War 1755-1762 by Howard M. Chapin, 1918 (I have a reprint from Clearfield called Rhode Island in the Colonial Wars, 1994, 2010).  Looking at my copy, I see there is also a Joshua, Benjamin and William Andrews in Col. Harris’ Regt.  I don’t know if those names mean anything.
    • he was listed in Roll Box 88, Roll State R.I. in the U.S. Revolutionary War Rolls.  (I need to try to find him in the 716 pages; perhaps when the National Archives website reopens I can find an index.)  That set of records is filled with original documents on Rhode Island regiments; I would highly recommend it (Ancestry.com. U.S. Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783. Regiment: Crarys Regiment, 1777-79 (folder 45); Elliotts Regiment of Artillery, 1776-78 (folder 46); Kimballs…). 

CONCLUSIONS

  • I waited much too long to research the earliest Andrews in order to link them to the proper Joseph Arnold.  Knowing all the descendants helped me to recognize the name Joseph Card when it appeared as a neighbor of Joseph Arnold in 1790.
  • I suspect Jesse was living in Cowesett (in Warwick) before he left Rhode island but have not proved that yet.
  • I have a lot of names I didn’t have before:  Joshua, Benjamin and William Andrews served with Philip Andrews in 1760, there are neighbors in the 1790 and 1810 census, names appear in Warwick in 1810 and in Ashford in 1820 (perhaps coincidentally), and names nearby Jesse in the 1800 census.  Also, there will be names from Phillip’s Revolutionary War service, when I can find the page.  Perhaps I can make a connection to Ashford, or to some Massachusetts town that Jesse and Sarah may have stopped in for a while.  I think almost nothing gets solved without knowing the community.
  • The Benjamin Arnold that served in the military with Phillip is particularly worth following up on.  If my guess is right, Jesse named one of his older sons Benjamin. There may be more siblings for Jesse and his brother Christopher.
  • NEXT:  visit the Warwick and East Greenwich town halls for vital, deed and probate records (I have tried before, but I often find a return visit turns up more).  A visit to the Connecticut State Library might help me pin down Jesse’s wife Sarah’s 1861 death record, with a maiden name, which could pretty much clinch this one way or another.

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2013/10/07/a-census-of-the-census-and-9

OK I'm pretty sure no one was a pirate here.  But if they were, "The Pirates Own Book" by Charles Ellms, 1837, might have been very helpful.  It's located at http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/12216

OK I’m pretty sure no one was a pirate here. But if they were, “The Pirates Own Book” by Charles Ellms, 1837, might have been very helpful. It’s located at http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/12216

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Hannah Andrews

My 3x-great grandmother Hannah Andrews has been a mystery that I have been working on since I started genealogy.  I am related to her in the following way:  my grandmother Edna May (Darling) Baldwin, her father Russell Earl Darling, his mother Emma (Lamphere) Darling, her mother Hannah (Andrews) Lamphere.

Hannah married Russell Lamphere in Colchester, Connecticut in 1838, and was “of Ashford” Connecticut.  She had a brother, Alden, that she must have been close to; they were frequently neighbors before she left Connecticut, Alden named his first son after her husband, and even after Hannah’s death, her husband took in another of Alden’s sons and got him a job in the mill where he was a supervisor.  The birthplace of both Hannah and Alden was usually cited as Massachusetts or, sometimes, Connecticut.  Based on census ages, I would estimate Alden was born in 1817 and Hannah in 1819.

Ashford, from Connecticut Historical Collections by J.W. Barber, New Haven, 1836, p. 417.

Ashford, from Connecticut Historical Collections by J.W. Barber, New Haven, 1836, p. 417.

What I knew

I found names for Hannah’s (and Alden’s) parents in Hannah’s 1878 Providence death record, “Jesse and Sarah Andrews”.  Alden’s 1873 death record in Coventry, Rhode Island lists his father as Jesse, and no name for the mother.  Hannah named her first daughter Sarah.  Obviously, I carefully examined the Ashford, Connecticut census records for Jesse Andrews.  I thought he should be there in 1840, since Hannah had just married in 1838.   But there was no Jesse in 1840.  In 1820, there was a large household headed by Jesse. In 1830, there was a household of an older couple, headed by Jesse.  There was nothing prior to 1820.

All this seemed wrong for a household that Hannah and Alden could have been born into in the late 1810′s.  Plus, Hannah and Andrew may have been born in Massachusetts, according to various census records.  I never noticed any sign of other siblings, so I suspected Hannah and Alden were NOT part of this large family from the 1820 census … perhaps they were orphans from a nearby section of Massachusetts, living with relatives in Ashford.

Although Jesse Andrews is an unusual name, it is far from unique.  I eliminated several Jesse Andrews for various reasons.  There were actually two couples names Jesse and Sarah Andrews – one in Montague, Massachusetts, married around 1817, who unfortunately had too many documented children during the years Hannah and Alden could have been born (plus, they never left Montague). So not them.   There was one other couple, Jesse Andrews and Sally Arnold, married in Warwick, Rhode Island in 1795.  I considered them, but they seemed too old, and I found them in the 1800 and 1810 Rhode Island federal census with a growing family.  I knew that the correct Jesse and Sarah Andrews might be poorly documented (after all, I have never found birth records for Alden and Hannah), so I suspected the real couple was still unknown to me, and kept looking.

Recent progress

However, I have found additional information recently.  The process went something like this:

  1. I visited the town hall of Ashford, Connecticut to look at deeds.  The town hall also contains probate records, and more information about cemeteries than one usually sees, although I found nothing relevant in probate or cemetery records.  But I was thrilled to spot an 1838 deed where Jesse Andrews was the seller and Alden Andrews was the buyer, plus the 1832 deed for the same property where Jesse made a purchase which was mortgaged to the seller. The heavily mortgaged property was finally sold, by Alden, to neighbor Amos Weeks by 1839.  I photographed and abstracted the deeds.

    Ashford Deeds.  Jesse's transactions in green, Alden's in blue.

    Ashford Deeds. Jesse’s transactions in green, Alden’s in blue.

  2. With new assurance that Jesse had at some point lived in Ashford, I reexamined the Ashford census records, page by page.  I realized that when I concluded the Jesse in 1820 could NOT be the right one, I had also dismissed the next name in the 1830 census – next to the older Jesse and wife – Benjamin Andrews.  Now, I carefully researched Benjamin.  He was born around 1809, 10 years before Hannah and Alden.   I was surprised to find, in the 1850 census, that he was living with his widowed mother Sarah and his children.  He remarried in 1853 to Mary Ann Davis, of Norwich Town, and went to live there.  In the 1860 census, Sarah seems to be mis-recorded as “Anna” Andrews, but in the 1861 city directory she is reported as living at 22 Spring Street, which is the home of Benjamin.
  3. The most surprising part of these records?  Benjamin and his mother Sarah were born in Rhode Island. Suddenly, the Warwick, Rhode Island couple Jesse and Sarah Andrews seemed like a stronger possibility.  Could they have lived in Rhode Island for a while after their marriage, had a large family, then moved on to Ashford Connecticut (possibly living in Massachusetts briefly, in between) around 1818?  Were Alden and Hannah the last in a long string of children?
  4. I turned my attention to the record of Jesse Andrews and Sally Arnold who married in 1795 in Warwick, Rhode Island.  It was very informative, giving a name for both fathers and mentioning that one was deceased.  I needed to learn more about them, to see if it was possible they did move out of Rhode Island.

[Andrews], Jess, of Phillip, and Sally Arnold, of Joseph; m. by James Jerrauld, Justice, Feb 22, 1795.

[Andrews], Jess, of Phillip, and Sally Arnold, of Joseph; m. by James Jerrauld, Justice, Feb 22, 1795.  From Arnold’s Vital Records, bk. 1, p. 3

The usual Rhode Island sources for this period were thoroughly explored at this point:

  • Rhode Island vital records compiled by James Arnold.  Volume 1 covers both Warwick and East Greenwich.
  • Census records including 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860 plus some earlier state census records for the fathers.
  • Rhode Island Roots, the journal of the Rhode Island Genealogical Society.
  • The Narragansett Historical Register, published by James N Arnold in the late 1800′s, vol 1-9.
  • The Rhode Island Genealogical Register, 1978-1996, v. 1 – 20, particularly the Will Index, v. 16.
  • A thorough search (one major category at a time) of Ancestry.com, plus Fold3.com, FamilySearch.org, NEHGS website,  and GenealogyBank.com.
  • A visit to the Rhode Island Historical Society Library and perusal of their card catalog, manuscript collection, and various books.

    The 1810 census, in Warwick, shows Jesse with a household of 2 adults and 7 children living in Warwick, between Joseph Arnold, and Freelove Andrew, who may by his widowed sister in law.

    The 1810 census, in Warwick, shows Jesse with a household of 2 adults and 7 children living in Warwick, near Joseph Arnold, and Freelove Andrew, who may by his widowed sister in law or possibly his widowed mother.

What I found out

First of all, other than the marriage for Jesse and Sally, there are few vital records for this group.  That’s not very unusual in Rhode Island.  I am also still seeking some Connecticut death records that may turn up in Hartford when I visit later this summer.

Jesse Andrews and Sally Arnold were from old Rhode Island families.  And a search showed that Jesse Andrews no longer appeared in Rhode Island census records after 1810.

Significant clues I found were:

  • a “Register of Seamen’s Protection Certificates from the Providence, Rhode Island Customs District, 1796-1870” record for Jesse dated Dec. 4, 1798 (“age 32, light complexion, Place of birth: Warwick, R.I.”)   I found this as an Ancestry.com Military record; the source of the data was a book “Register of Seamen’s Protection Certificates from the Providence, Rhode Island Customs District, 1796-1870. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1995.”  Interesting.  Of all my Rhode Island/Massachusetts ancestors, none so far have been connected to the sea.  Only my father’s Nova Scotia side has that.  For an explanation of Seaman’s Certificates, visit this Archives.com page by noted genealogist Kathleen Brandt.  I wonder if Jesse followed that career for a while, or quickly switched to farming?
  • Jesse was born in 1766 to Phillip and (unknown) Andrews.  The Rhode Island Historical Society had a three-volume manuscript on the Rhode Island Andrews family that Jesse was from. This is a good example of a document not digitized or available elsewhere.  The first immigrant was John McAndrews (sometimes Andrews) from Scotland who first settled on Cape Cod, but was in Rhode Island by 1671 as an original participant in the “Fones Purchase” in North Kingstown, Rhode Island.  My line of his descendants settled in nearby East Greenwich, Rhode Island, and Jesse’s father, Phillip, ended up in Warwick.

    East Greenwich, view from the water.  From Wilfred Munro's Picturesque Rhode Island, 1887, p. 241.

    East Greenwich, view from the water. From Wilfred Munro’s Picturesque Rhode Island, 1887, p. 241.

  • Notably, Jesse had a grandmother named Hannah.  Hannah’s name was a little old-fashioned for 1819, so I always thought she was named for an ancestor.
  • There are two Arnold families in Rhode Island, the Thomas Arnold family of Smithfield, (from which I am also descended), and then Sally’s family, which is likely to be the William Arnold family of Providence/Pawtuxet/Warwick.  Descendants of William Arnold are related to Benedict Arnold, the first Rhode Island Governor, and his great-grandson, the Revolutionary War traitor by the same name.  I am having trouble placing Sally and her father, Joseph, in that family because there are so many Joseph Arnolds in and around Warwick in this period.  Warwick deeds may help that.
Ashford, Connecticut town hall, June, 2013

Ashford, Connecticut town hall, June, 2013

Where things stand

In 1810 Jesse was living with a family of 9 near Freelove Andrews (which was the name of his brother Christopher’s wife, but I wonder if it could possibly be his mother) and Joseph Arnold (likely his father in law).  In 1820 Jesse Andrews had a family of 11 in Ashford, CT.  My goal now is to see if I can find proof against the theory that this is the same person, or possibly some further evidence to support it.

A couple of details are troubling:

  • why were Jesse and Sarah living alone in 1830, if they still had two growing children, Alden and Hannah? Benjamin and his wife also lived alone.  The births of none of the children are recorded in Rhode Island or Connecticut, so I’m not yet sure who the siblings are – did one take Alden and Hannah over the border into Massachusetts for a while, to live?  The parents were quite old.
  • Why name a child Alden when I see no evidence of that family connection in the backgrounds of Jesse and Sarah?
  • I am only slightly troubled by Sarah (if it is her) being called Sally in the marriage record and yet was never called that in later documentation.  She was young at the time of her marriage and may have outgrown the nickname.
  • Siblings Benjamin, Alden and Hannah used the following in naming for their own children:  Griggs, Norriss, Merrill, Vernon.  So far, none appear among these Rhode Island relatives.

If the Jesse and Sally from Warwick theory proves to be a dead end, I have one more theory.  Alden Andrews moved many times, always working as a farmer until a stroke at age 56 ended his life.  He ended up living in Rhode Island just over the border from Connecticut in Summit Hill, Coventry.  There are many Andrews around there.  I am finding no evidence that his father Jesse was from there, but I will keep looking.

Next steps

  • Visit the Warwick town hall to explore deeds for Jesse and his father, Phillip, who had died before 1795.  In particular, look for evidence that Jesse was leaving town sometime in the 1810′s.
  • Also explore deeds in Warwick for Joseph Arnold,  Sally’s father.
  • Try to find a Rhode Island Andrews or Arnold connection among the neighbors in Ashford, Connecticut.  If anything, there seem to be more Arnolds.
  • Try using the Massachusetts Deeds on FamilySearch.org to help me locate Jesse in a nearby Massachusetts town around 1817.

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2013/07/06/finding-hannah-andrews/

robin

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The Clue

How it started

I heard from a blog reader on Saturday concerning a post I did a few months ago about my ggg-grandmother Hannah (Andrews) Lamphere.  Because Hannah may have been born in Massachusetts and lived near Norwich, Connecticut, the commenter was giving me a heads up that a branch of the Andrews family had moved from Ipswich, Mass to Norwich (the section eventually called Preston) Connecticut just after 1700. The writer was herself an Andrews descendant who happened to move to the Norwich area and accidentally discovered that she lived on Andrews land.

Hannah was born around 1819, so this migration didn’t exactly involve her, but I was intrigued by this story of an Andrews migration to Norwich, which I hadn’t heard about before.  This is why blogging and reader comments are so wonderful.  Thank you, Susan.

The Ipswich connection quickly led me to a large book on the subject, “The Descendants of Lieut. John Andrews of Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts” by Betty Andrews Storey.  I was disappointed not to find Hannah, her brother Alden, or the parents Jesse and Sarah Andrews.  The book was almost 2,000 pages long so I had to rely on the index, checking names that came to mind, and I found nothing significant.  As I was glancing through the sections that dealt with the Norwich branch, I followed up with several sources listed in the footnotes.

That’s when I found the clue.  It was in the second New England Historic Genealogical Register article I perused, John Andrews of Ipswich, Mass. and Norwich, Conn., and Some of His Descendants (see below).   The first Andrews couple to make the move from Ipswich, Mass. to Preston, Conn., John and Sarah (Cook) Andrews,  had a daughter, Thankful, who married Joseph Read.  That made an immediate connection.  The Norwich line of Lampheres that I’ve been investigating recently as the source of my Lampheres was headed by Shadrack and Experience (Read) Lamphere.  I began to read about the details of these families’ lives.

The Long Society Meeting House

Long Society Meeting House and Cemetery

To the east of Norwich, Connecticut, a congregational church was formed in the early 1700′s called the East or “Long Society” due to the 11 or 12 mile length of the area where the church rate payers lived. The church building was constructed in 1726 and rebuilt in 1818.  This area of Norwich was eventually annexed to Preston, Connecticut.  A “Separate Church of Preston” was also established in 1747.

In the Storey book and the NEHGS article, the Andrews who settled in Preston became intertwined with numerous families.  In those families I recognized many names:  Read, Burnham, Williams, Andrews, Cook, Palmer, and Coit (other names commonly appearing that I don’t recognize include Brewster, Geer, Fitch and Tracy).  I recognize the names because of the marriages of Russell Lamphere and his siblings in the 1830′s:

  • Russell Lamphere m. Hannah Andrews
  • Lydia Lamphere m. Henry Palmer (son of Polly Williams) and had one daughter, Sarah Elizabeth Coit Palmer
  • Lucy Ann Lamphere m. Burnham Cook

I am very fortunate to have pictures of my gggg-aunt and uncle Lucy Ann (Lamphere) and Burnham Cook which are owned by a generous cousin (fourth cousin?) that I met through Ancestry.com.  She has kindly agreed to let me post them here. My family has never seen them.  These are the only pictures I have for that generation.

Lucy Ann (Lamphere) Cook, 1808-1865

Burnham Cook, 1807-1871

That cousin had been mystified about Burnham Cook’s origins, but I suspect the answers may be here, somewhere.

What Does This Prove?

Absolutely nothing.  I am still without direct evidence about Hannah Andrews’ origins; the earliest record I have is her marriage in 1838 where she is “of Ashford, Connecticut”.  Two known details do not yet fit into this idea that her Andrews line had settled in Preston by 1715:

  • She and her brother sometimes reported being born in Massachusetts in the late 1810′s
  • Her brother’s name, Alden, suggests a family connection that I do not see any evidence of in these articles.

However, I am very excited.  To find three siblings marrying into the same group, that did not live extremely close to them (our Lamphere part of Norwich was “the Falls” to the North) seems significant enough to warrant lots of further study.  Coincidentally, it provides further clues for my current theory about which Lamphere line I descend from.

Andrews is a hard name to study.  Spellings vary widely (Andrus, Andros) and the name is quite common and has numerous early immigrant families, not just one.  I suspect there is something unusual about Hannah’s family (a death, perhaps, or moving around a lot?) that has made her hard to track.  The NEHGS article claimed that many Long Society records were lost by the late 1800′s, and the Norwich town clerk was relatively far away, leaving these Andrews families poorly documented.

But for the very first time I feel like I have found a clue that links her to some Andrews in particular.

Next steps:

  • pursue all published work on the descendants of Shadrack and Experience (Read) Lamphere, as well as other local Read descendants.
  • Look at the full sets of census pages for Preston
  • Get to the Westerly Town Hall to look at land and probate records for Daniel Lamphere.
  • Keep searching NEHGS and other sources for work done on these Andrews lines.
Learning more about the Long Society Meeting House:
Sources
  • The Descendants of Lieut. John Andrews of Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts” by Betty Andrews Storey which is available as a pdf from the Allen County Public Library.
  • John Andrews of Ipswich, Mass. and Norwich, Conn., and Some of His Descendants” by Mrs. Harriett Andross Goodell, NEHGR vol 70, page 102 – 114, April, 1916.

This is part 2 of The Brick Wall Stories – Hannah Andrews.

Link to this article: http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2012/03/18/the-clue/

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I occurred to me that many amateur family historians like myself would be interested in the process of breaking down a brick wall (although in this case, it’s holding strong).  Here are a few steps so far; feel free to leave comments or suggestions.

Hannah Andrews, 1818-1878

Hannah is my ggg-grandmother (through her daughter Emma Lamphere, then Emma’s son Russell Earl Darling who is my g-grandfather).

1.  Where she was born.  No birth record found to date.  In 1850 and 1860 her census records report that she was born in Massachusetts around 1819.  Hannah’s death certificate on microfilm at the Rhode Island Historical Society says that she was born in Coventry, Connecticut and lists her parents as Jesse and Sarah Andrews.  In later census records her children reported that she was born in Connecticut.  However after the removal to Alabama it wouldn’t be surprising if the children got mixed up.

2. Her life story.  My ggg-grandmother Hannah Andrews (“of Ashford, Connecticut”) married Russell Lamphere in 1838 in Norwich, Connecticut  and they had 5 children.  Around 1852 they moved to Tuscaloosa, Alabama.  Family legend has it that Russell started some kind of store.  The Civil War broke out and in its chaotic aftermath they lost their business.  They were in the 1860 and 1865 Tuscaloosa census records but by 1870 Russell and the youngest daughter were in Meridian, Mississippi and I have never found an 1870 record of Hannah. During the 1870′s they  all moved to Providence, Rhode Island, where Hannah died of gall stones in 1878.  The obituary noted that the death occurred “after a long and painful illness”.

3. Relatives found through the census.  The 1850 census shows that Hannah and Russell were sharing a house with Alden Andrews and his young family in Norwich, CT (image 132 on Ancestry.com).  Alden is close in age (about 31) to Hannah and also reported being born in Massachusetts.  I have no actual evidence but I assume Hannah and Alden are siblings. Later, in 1880, Alden’s son,  Merrill, is living with Hannah’s widower Russell, and apparently Russell got a job for him in the cotton mill where he was a supervisor.

Unfortunately, searches for Alden are no more fruitful than for Hannah. Alden’s 1873 death record in Coventry, Rhode Island does not list parents.  However he has two marriage records which I have (so far) only seen abstracts of.  The first wife was from Springfield, Massachusetts and the second was from a Pomfret, CT family.  Most of Alden’s children report in the 1880 and 1900 census that he was born in Massachusetts (Alden’s children never moved out of Conn./R.I. so their memories may have been clearer).

4. Looking for the father Jesse Andrews.   Given that Hannah was living in Ashford, CT in 1838 at the time of her marriage, naturally we hope to find her father Jesse there.  There is an 1830 census record of an older couple living alone.  That seems unlikely.  There is an 1820 Jesse Andrews  household of 11 people.  That’s possible, but seems less likely since Hannah and Alden report being born in MA a year or two before that.  I cannot find him in the 1840 census for Ashford.  In New England in 1840 there are four Jesse Andrews:  North Haven, CT has two; Andover, VT has one, and there is a Jesse and Sarah Andrews family in Montague, MA who are, sadly for me, not right because they never left MA and they produced other children during the years Hannah and Alden could have been born.

I find the North Haven connection unlikely because geographically the locations are quite distinct, and because I see no evidence that those people ever left CT and lived elsewhere.  There is a large family of Andrews in Farmington, CT and one or two Jesse’s but I have not been able to make any of them work out.

If Jesse Andrews was dead by the 1830′s, there may be guardianship records somewhere for Hannah or Alden.

marriage record from Norwich, Connecticut

5.  Other connected persons.   At the encouragement of the NEHGS staff I pursued the identity of the Colchester CT minister who officiated at Hannah and Russell’s wedding.  The two of them were from Ashford and Norwich, respectively so where did Colchester fit in?  I learned from some old Google books that Joel R. Arnold was a popular minister of the First Congregational Church of Colchester and he increased the church membership significantly during his relatively short tenure there.  There is a CT Church Record Slip Index at NEHGS on microfilm which covers the church but I could not find this church marriage record; I have no real evidence that it took place in the church building.

6. Looking at the children.  I have tracked all of Hannah’s and also her brother Alden’s children like a stalker.  Many of Alden’s sons died young.  I am looking for stray relatives living with them or around them, and looking at places they lived and what they named their children.

7.  Alden?  Yea, ok, this makes you think.  It certainly appears to be a family name. More recently, my mother also has a cousin Alden, recently deceased.  The younger Alden’s mother, Gladys, was the older Alden’s great-great niece.  Would someone name their child after a great-great uncle who passed away 60 years prior?  I suppose they might if they thought it sounded nice.  But that’s neither here nor there.  I am looking for Andrews families linked with Aldens.  And I am also looking for a Sarah (—) Andrews who might have a mother named Hannah.  The Aldens are well documented, and the Andrews not as much; in both cases the books I’ve perused haven’t helped.

8. Next steps.  View the microfilms of Alden’s two marriages.  Look for probate or guardianship records for Hannah or Alden, possibly in nearby Massachusetts such as Brimfield, Sturbridge, Southbridge and also perhaps in Springfield since Alden married a girl there.  Keep exploring Andrews relatives in Coventry, CT, the birthplace mentioned in Hannah’s death record.  Perhaps the children remembered visiting a relative there once and confused that with her birth place.  Try to figure out what, if anything, Alden did during the Civil War.  He would have been in his 40′s. And one more thing, I have been advised to look at Andrews articles in TAG and have not done so yet; but I think TAG will only contain the Farmington Andrews.  But I will try it.

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Top Five Brick Walls

I see on the blogs recently that “brick wall” is a controversial term. So let me acknowledge these are problems I simply haven’t solved yet. I’m hoping that putting them here will spark someone else to give me an idea. I can always hope!!

1. EDWARD BALDWIN, 1833 -. I am missing the parents of Edward Baldwin. Edward may have been born in Massachusetts around 1833 (I would suspect the Springfield –> Worcester area based on subsequent family history). I know he lived in Belmont (Allegany County), New York with his wife, daughter and step-daughter, and that his son was born in Belmont around 1863. See my blog post Edward Baldwin – Birth Record Wanted.

2. HANNAH ANDREWS, 1819 – 1878. Hannah may have been born in Massachusetts, but she married Russell Lamphere Jr. at the Congregational Church in Colchester, CT in 1838 and in that (Norwich, CT) record she was “of Ashford”, CT. According to her Providence, R.I. death record, Hannah’s parents were named Jesse and Sarah Andrews, and she was born in Coventry, CT. There is a couple by that name who raised a large family in Montague, Massachsuetts but I am quite sure they are not her parents since they seem to have other children born around the time of her birth, and they never moved to Connecticut. Hannah had one brother that I know about, ALDEN ANDREWS, who lived at some point near Springfield, Mass., so perhaps that is her birthplace. I’m stumped. For some details of her married life, see my post The Girl from Alabama.

3. LYDIA MINER, 1787 – 1849. Lydia is doubtless from the southeastern Connecticut/southwest Rhode Island area but I cannot place her in any specific family. She married Russell Lamphere Sr. in 1807 in Norwich, CT. They raised 14 children there. This one should not be that hard. See more in my blog entry My Lydia Miner.

These last two are only challenges. Someone set a stopwatch, because I’m giving myself 6 months:

4. NANCY TEFFT married Daniel Lamphere in 1773. She was probably born in R.I. and after her marriage, lived in Westerly, R.I. I have two sources for her first name but only one unreliable source for her last name. The Teffts were mostly from Hopkinton, Rhode Island.

5. LUCY ARNOLD was married in Smithfield, Rhode Island to Richard Ballou around 1777. This is fairly certain. However, there were many Arnolds in Smithfield and I can’t seem to pin her down.

Any and all leads or thoughts are most welcome. thanks!!

–Diane

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I remember my grandmother once mentioning that one of her grandmothers was from the South.  This was surprising to me but I didn’t get much further information.

My gg-grandmother Emma was born in Alabama. Wait, what?

But you know how family stories are.  It was only partly true.

Emma Luella Lamphere was born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama on 19 Apr 1857.  This is gleaned from the Rhode Island State Census of 1905, and to a lesser extent from other census records and her death record. I have no birth record.

Emma’s parents were Russell and Hannah (Andrews) Lamphere.  Russell was from an old Westerly, Rhode Island family.  Hannah was from either a Connecticut or Massachusetts family that is a bit of brick wall for me.  Russell and Hannah had five children that I know about:

  • William H Lamphere  1840 – 1912
  • Sarah E Lamphere 1843 – 1905
  • Charley C. Lanphere  1846 –
  • Caroline M. Lamphere 1847 –
  • Emma Luella Lamphere 1857 – 1927

The first four were born in or near Norwich, Connecticut.  Some time between the 1850 census and Emma’s birth in 1857 the family relocated to Tuscaloosa, Alabama.  They are in the 1860 Federal Census, page 11 as found on Ancestry.com.  I won’t show you the whole thing, but trust me it’s them.  What I would love people to look at is Russell’s occupation:

A What’s My Line moment from the 1860 census

Manuts – St – Marchad???    really?  any ideas?  please??  I examined the handwriting on the rest of the page but my only conclusion is that the middle word is NOT Ste. but is St.  Not helping.

What I do know is that in most previous census records Russell was listed as a machinist.  Family lore says that they went down to Alabama in the 1850′s to start a business.  After, or possibly during, the war the business failed.  After moving to R.I. in the 1870′s, Russell is listed as a mill overseer at the Oriental Mills, Admiral Street, Providence (now the Union Paper Company building).  Oriental Mills was one of many cotton fabric mills in Rhode Island.  I can’t help but think he must have used those machine skills down south and been a part of a fabric weaving mill startup … perhaps with partners.  After the war the family was unhappy during the upheavals of reconstruction, had lost the business, relocated for a while to Meridian, Mississippi, and then moved back North.  But this is despite Russell’s 1860 enlistment in the Alabama militia.  I sense they were committed to the south but then gave up.

A recent photo of the Oriental Mills building by Marc N. Belanger (public domain, thanks, Marc.)

After moving to Providence, Rhode Island in the 1870′s, Hannah (Andrews) Lamphere died in 1878 “after a long and painful illness” which was only noted as gall stones (“biliary calculi”) on the death certificate.  Daughter Emma married, on 5 Mar 1879, Addison Parmenter Darling, a silver engraver in Providence. The father also remarried in 1879.

Emma and Addison had 3 children, the first of whom was my great grandfather, Russell Earl Darling.  Grace Luella  and Addison Jr. soon followed.  Emma’s somewhat difficult life ended tragically at age 69 in a streetcar accident on Broad Street, Providence while on the way to a family function.  The family waited for her and she never arrived.  She lingered in pain for a day or two at the hospital and passed away 2 Feb 1927.

So I am seeking help on two fronts: reading the handwriting from the 1860 census, and also, understanding the business climate in Tuscaloosa in the 1850′s.  Were there cotton mills there? What evidence remains?  I haven’t explored Tuscaloosa deeds yet, but it’s possible Russell owned the property for the business, or owned a home.  Perhaps he paid taxes on the business.

Any leads on collecting this info would be great.  As the blog title suggests, I am way up here in R.I.!

Diane

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