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A Better Look at the Census

Jesse and Sarah Andrews’ children in the census

Recently I decided to do a search in the 1830 Federal Census for the Andrews children that appear to be missing from Jesse and Sarah Andrew’s home and farm in Ashford, Connecticut.  Of course, I don’t know their names or anything, they are just a merry band of tick marks from early census records.

Jesse and Sarah are related to me in the following way:  their daughter Hannah Andrews (1819-1878), her daughter Emma Luella Lamphere (1857-1927), her son Russell Earl Darling (1883-1959), and his daughter, my grandmother, Edna May Darling (1905-1999).

Jesse and Sarah married in 1795. Here is what I know of their children from census records:

  • 1800 –  1 male under 10, 2 females under 10 = 3
  • 1810 –  3 males under 10, 1 male 10-15, 1 female under 10, 2 females 10-1 5 = 7
  • 1820 –  3 males under 10, 2 males 10-16, 2 females under 10, 1 female 10-16, 1 female 16-26 = 9    (1 person engaged in agriculture, 5 persons engaged in manufactures)
  • 1830 – only the two adults

To guess when each child was born, I spaced them out evenly between the periods when they first appeared in the census (in the Under 10 categories).  It would look something like this:

first group, could be in any order:

  • girl b. 1796
  • boy b. 1797
  • girl b. 1799

second group, could be in any order:

  • boy b. 1801
  • girl b. 1803 – could be Diana [this is a theory, based on matching her possible grandmother’s name]
  • boy b. 1806
  • boy b. 1809 – could be Benjamin [almost certainly their child]

last group (and I know the last two):

  • boy b. 1811
  • girl b. 1813
  • boy b. 1815
  • boy b. 1816 – this was Alden
  • girl b. 1819 – this was Hannah

Putting it together in this way shows that they had 12 children.  I don’t even see a lot of room for additional children who may not have survived.  Either the number is around 12, or there are other factors involved here that I don’t know about.  Since I happen to know that the youngest two claimed Jesse as their father, I doubt that other children are mixed in here.

So the mystery remains, where did the children go in 1830 – some barely teenagers – and my best theory is that some of them moved to Norwich, a thriving mill town at that time.  Perhaps the younger ones stayed with newly-married older siblings.  I base this on Hannah’s marriage in 1838 to a Norwich resident, and her husband’s appearance in the 1840 census in Norwich, as well as the five “engaged in manufactures” family members from the 1820 census – the offspring appeared to have some home industry, or perhaps they traveled to a workplace every day.  Other possibilities for finding industrial work would have been Killingly or Plainfield, Connecticut.

A search in Norwich

I searched the 1830 federal census records in Norwich, Connecticut for anyone named Andrews.  Of course, there could be married daughters, but I don’t know their names.

Running a search in Ancestry.com for last name “Andrews” in the 1830 census for Norwich brought up one result – Elisha Andrews.  Unfortunately, the quality of the page view was very poor.

1830 census image for Elisha Andrews, Norwich, Connecticut.  From Ancestry.com.

1830 census image for Elisha Andrews, Norwich, Connecticut. From Ancestry.com.

There are several things I know about this census section:

  • the handwriting was not so much bad as a little strange – note the “L” in “Ladd,” second entry from the bottom
  • This image is suffering from improper lighting or exposure – the overly light areas can’t be due to completely faded-out ink
  • The transcription is bad (and you can hardly blame them)
  • If the images and transcription are bad, there COULD be a lot more Andrews in the Town of Norwich section.

I turned to Internet Archive (www.archive.org – a free site) to see if their images were better than this one.  They won’t have an index of the contents, just the images of the NARA microfilm rolls, county by county, so I searched for:  “1830 Census New London.”  It was the first item that came up -

Population schedules of the fifth census of the United States, 1830, Connecticut [microform] (1969).  Reel 0010 – 1830 Connecticut Federal Population Census Schedules – New London County

There were 566 pages.  I looked at the Ancestry.com page to find a page number.  Ancestry’s source notes gave the page as 127, but a page number 252 could ALSO clearly be seen.  Turns out, 252 was the page number I needed.  Here is the same section of the page, this time from page 252 in the Internet Archive copy:

the same census page, this time from the Internet Archive image.

the same census page, this time from the Internet Archive image.  Better!

The Internet Archive copy is completely readable (except for the weird handwriting).  With no index there, I had to read the records for Norwich myself, page by page.  Norwich City was on pages 192 – 228.  Town of Norwich was on 230 – 254.  It didn’t take long.  No more Andrews were found.

A search in the county

After finding so little in Norwich, I concluded I needed to look at a wider area.  To search more broadly for Andrews, and make a list of possible Andrews children, I chose the two most likely counties:  Windham, where Ashford and Plainfield were, and New London, where Norwich was.  I wanted to see who was in the 1830, 1840, and 1850 census.

I took long lists from the Ancestry index like this:

The last name "Andrew" in New London County, 1850.  I copied this test directly from the screen.

The last name “Andrew” in New London County, 1850. I copied this text directly from the screen.

I pasted the text into Excel like this:

The census data pasted into an Excel file.  From here, it can be sorted and highlighted in different ways.

The 1850 census data pasted into an Excel file, sorted by birth year.

I added “Andrew” and “Andrews” entries (and a few other various spellings) from both counties in 1850 to this spreadsheet, resulting in about 130 entries.   I then eliminated (from the 1850 portion of the list) all women that were married to an Andrews.  From vital records, I added some men who had married Andrews women, and also used the vital records to eliminate some Andrews from further considerations as Jesse’s children.  I also added in the names from 1830 and 1840 census records in those counties.

Some steps that helped me eliminate some Andrews on the list from further consideration:

  • limited the list to those born between 1795 and 1822
  • Limited the birthplaces to Rhode Island or Massachusetts, or, if close to 1820, possibly Connecticut
  • looked at military and pension records on Fold3
  • looked for Connecticut death records.
  • looked for marriage records to see if parents were named
  • looked in newspaper notices at Newspapers.com and GenealogyBank
Some likely suspects for the children of Jesse Andrews.

Some likely suspects for the children of Jesse Andrews.

In the end, I had about 20 possible Andrews offspring.

  • Abby Andrews m. Gurdon Bushnel
  • Alden Andrews – definitely a son
  • Amaret Andrews m. John Phelps
  • Benjamin B Andrews – very likely to be a son; mother Sarah lived with him later on
  • Cordelia F Andrews – seems possible because she married Bradford Lyon in Ashford, however, there was an Ephraim Andrews there who could have been her father.
  • Diana Andrews – married Peleg Arnold.  Seems possible because of her grandmother being Dinah/Diana. 
  • Erastus Andrews
  • George R Andrews
  • Gideon G Andrews
  • Gilbert Andrew
  • Hannah Andrews – definitely a daughter
  • Harris Andrew
  • Huldah Andrews m. George Smith
  • Jane Andrews m. Hazard Rodman
  • Mary W Andrews m. William Davis
  • Nathaniel Andros
  • Parish Andrews  (possibly Paris)
  • Rebecca Andrews m. Jason Pray
  • Susan S Andrews m. Griggs Weeks
  • Sylvester Andrew
  • Thomas Andrews
  • Wheaton Andrew  (possibly Weeden)

Where things stand

Some factors that are holding me back:

  • While I know Jesse had a brother named Christopher, his father’s home showed other children, and I have never identified Jesse’s other siblings.  His father was Phillip, and his mother’s name is unknown, and may possibly be Freelove.
  • I have a Warwick, R.I. family I suspect may be Sarah Arnold’s. The father is almost definitely Joseph (that is from her marriage record), and the correct family may be Joseph Arnold and Dinah (sometimes Diana) Whitman.   Only five children are mentioned for them in The Arnold Memorial by Elisha Steve Arnold, and none were recorded in Warwick or East Greenwich, Rhode Island.   The five are Nicholas, Josiah, Joseph, Ann, and John.
  • The descendants of the original John Andrews family grew and spread west from North Kingstown and East Greenwich into the large town of Coventry.  Some of those Coventry families spread into eastern Connecticut – meaning all these Andrews may be distant cousins, and those who were recorded in the census as born in Rhode Island may easily have been from the Coventry families.
Western view of Danielson and Killingly from History and Antiquities of Every Town in Connecticut by John Warner Barber, 1838, p. 433.

Western view of Killingly from History and Antiquities of Every Town in Connecticut by John Warner Barber, 1838, p. 433.

Some factors that have come to light in this investigation:

  • There was an older Benjamin Andrews in Plainfield in 1830 who had a household of 15, mostly young people.  I have long thought Benjamin was a common name among the Andrews, and I suspect he could be a relative, and possibly be housing the children – perhaps they worked at a local mill, or were being educated.
  • I looked in vain for a Phillip Andrews or a Joseph Andrews, who would be the children named for the grandfathers.  Perhaps such children existed but died fairly young.
  • Of the female Andrews I have found in Windham County marriage records, all seem to disappear from Windham before 1850.  One or two of the  husbands died, but clearly 1810-1840 was a time of exodus from these southern New England counties, as people headed north or west.  I suspect many are to be found in Vermont, New York State, Ohio, Michigan, etc.

So, without siblings for either parent, and only two children absolutely identified – Alden and Hannah – it is hard to make sense of this list.

Next steps

  • Compile a research list and systematically go through each of the names on my list, noting results.  If there were any low-hanging fruit on these folks identifying parents, I would have found it already.
  • Keep trying to identify the parents of Diana Andrews’ husband Peleg Arnold.
  • Look again for probate records back in Warwick and East Greenwich which might mention any of these people.
  • Investigate any records for the Joseph Arnold I am pursuing.  I did not find Warwick probate records for him in 1819, or deeds any time around 1819, but I need to keep looking.  Perhaps he died in East Greenwich.
  • Be open minded about additional, more poorly documented (if such a thing is possible) Joseph Arnolds who could be Sarah’s father.
  • Ultimately, use any of Jesse and Sarah’s children that I can confirm to help me determine more about his father Phillip’s family and also details of Sarah’s family.
  • Look again at Jesse’s brother Christopher Andrews, to identify the names he used for his children which appear NOT to belong to his wife’s family.
  • Ultimately, I find myself very curious about whether my great-great grandmother Hannah Andrews was a cotton mill worker as a girl.  I wonder if I will ever know?
Some statistics about the cotton manufacture in Killingly, Connecticut, from , p. 432.

Some statistics about the cotton manufacture in Killingly, Connecticut, from History and Antiquities of Every Town in Connecticut by John Warner Barber, 1838, p. 432.

One name study, anyone?

Of Jesse and Sarah’s 12 children, I have two children identified, two are serious possibilities, and that leaves 18 possibilities for the other 8 spots.  Of course, they may have left children behind in Warwick (Warwick/East Greenwich were loaded with Andrews), or the mysterious spot in Massachusetts they may have stopped in before moving to Ashford.  But I feel like a couple of these may be right.

This is starting to look and feel like a study of all descendants of John Andrews, the (supposedly) original Scottish settler who died in North Kingstown, Rhode Island in 1693.  The more I study these obscure people, the more I know there is a lot more work to be done.  When the Rhode Island Historical Society Library re-opens gradually over the next month or two, I am going to get in there and photograph the manuscript they have on this family.

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2014/11/24/better-look-at-the-census/

2014-10-17 19.18.55

 — Illustration from The Art of Homemaking, 1898.

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I recently pinned down the family of Hannah Andrews, my ggg-grandmother.  I thought I would give an account here of how that happened.

My relationship to Hannah Andrews (counting up from my grandmother):

  • Hannah Andrews (1819 – 1878), my 3rd great grandmother
  • Emma Luella Lamphere (1857 – 1927), daughter of Hannah Andrews
  • Russell Earl Darling (1883 – 1959), son of Emma Luella Lamphere
  • Edna May Darling (1905 – 1999), my grandmother, daughter of Russell Earl Darling

I have documented Hannah previously in On Poverty, Records, and Chicken ThievesThe Brick Wall Stories: A Theory on Hannah Andrews and The Brick Wall Stories: Hannah Andrews.  I have listed a lot of sources there, so I won’t do that today – just my thought process as I went through this for the last 4 years.  Future work on these lines will bring up more documentation.

The story of Hannah Andrews

Hannah’s youngest child was my gg-grandmother Emma Luella Lamphere.  I had to trace Emma’s scattered history back a ways to even find Hannah.  Emma had been born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama (and that was as far back as our vague family recollections went), but thanks to census records I began to realize her parents were from southern New England, and I found them and their Connecticut-born older children in some basic Connecticut sources.  I knew Hannah’s name from her marriage to Russell Lamphere recorded at Norwich, Connecticut in 1838.  Hannah Andrews, of Ashford, Connecticut.

Norwich Town 11 June 1838 Russell Lamphere of Norwich and Hannah Andrews of Ashford entered in the marriage relation before me .  Joel R. Arnold, Pastor of the Congl Church Colchester.  Received July 5, 1878.  Simeon [?] Town Clerk

Norwich Town 11 June 1838 Russell Lamphere of Norwich and Hannah Andrews of Ashford entered in the marriage relation before me . Joel R. Arnold, Pastor of the Congl Church Colchester. Received July 5, 1838. Simeon [Thomas?] Town Clerk

Hannah married Russell Lamphere and had four children in the industrial areas of Norwich Falls and Greenville, Connecticut: William H. (b. 1840), Sarah E. (b. 1843), Charles C. (b. 1844), and Caroline M (b. 1847).  In the 1850 census Russell is listed as a “Machinist” with property worth $700; really not a bad level of prosperity considering he was one of 14 children and would likely have received nothing from his father at that point.

During the early years of her marriage, Hannah often lived near or with an “Alden Andrews“, a farmer a year or two older than her, who married twice and became the father of a number of children.  Later in the 1880’s (after Hannah’s death), one of Alden’s sons lived in Russell’s household and was working in the mill with Russell.  This, as well as the fact that Alden named his first son Russell, is how I knew early on that Alden and Hannah were siblings.

Russell Lamphere was an ambitious man who took his family from the booming mill town of Norwich, Connecticut and headed south to Tuscaloosa, Alabama to start a business around 1852.  The south was anxious to process more of their own cotton and not depend on northern industries so much; I can only assume that this may have been part of his motivation. I wonder how they made the trip?   The Lampheres were not used to traveling – Russell’s brother William reported in his 80’s that he had never left their county in Connecticut – I wonder if the trip was by water, with an inland journey by carriage?  A younger sister or cousin of Russell, and her new husband, also found their way to Tuscaloosa, but otherwise, they went alone.

Hannah and Russell’s last child, Emma was born in 1854 in Alabama, and, lacking birth records, there could have been other children who did not survive.  I learned from Tuscaloosa newspapers (In Which I Stoop to Buying Microfilm) that Russell’s business partner died around 1860, and Russell opened a metalworking shop in downtown Tuscaloosa.  I am still uncertain what the original business was.

The business Russell advertised after the death of his partner.

The business Russell advertised in 1861 after the death of his partner.

Other than a family memory that things didn’t go well with the business because of the Civil War, and that it was unsafe after the war, no one really knows how it all went for them.  Hannah raised her young children and, presumably, watched them become quite southern, during divisive times.  The Tuscaloosa newspapers of the 1860’s were full of bitter, hateful reporting leading up to the Civil War.  How was that atmosphere for Russell and Hannah?  Were they conflicted?  The sons were grown by the time the war broke out. Charles definitely served in the Civil War as a Confederate soldier and stayed in the South for the rest of his life, and I believe William died in 1912 in Tuscaloosa.  In both cases I am basing this on how they named their children and some claims about being born in Connecticut.  There had been some letters from a civil war soldier among my family’s possessions, now lost – I suspect these were from Charles or William to their parents.  I’m sure the well being of her family and the safety of her sons placed Hannah squarely on the southern side of this conflict.

Towards the end of her life Hannah suffered from a “long and painful illness.”  She may have been ill when the 1870 census taker came around to a room in a boarding house shared by Emma and her father in Meridian, Mississippi (A Story Just Like Russell Lamphere’s). I have not found any other family member in the 1870 census. Where were Hannah and her daughters Sarah and Caroline? Could their absence have something to do with Hannah’s illness?

Hannah's daughter Emma Lamphere Darling , 1857-1927.  Emma, her daughter and granddaughter were tall and thin, with long, narrow faces and a sort of stateliness. My guess would be, Hannah looked something like that.

Hannah’s daughter Emma Lamphere Darling , 1857-1927. Emma, her daughter and granddaughter were tall and thin, with long, narrow faces and a sort of stateliness. My guess would be, Hannah looked something like that.

Between 1870 and 1875, Russell and Hannah moved the family up to Johnston, Rhode Island, just outside of Providence, where Russell was a “Manufacturer of Cotton Goods” according the the Rhode Island state census.  The west side of Providence, and Johnston, were filled with many textile manufacturing operations, large and small, at that time.  Daughters Sarah and Emma were living with them.  I have never determined what happened to Caroline, but she may have come north with the family since Russell’s obituary, much later, mentions a daughter in Eden Park, Cranston, who could not possibly be the other two daughters.  After leaving the south, it’s likely Hannah never saw her two sons again, although I can’t be sure of that.

Hannah died in 1878 in Providence, of gall stones.  She is buried in an unmarked grave at Yantic Cemetery, Norwich, likely a plot purchased by her husband in happier times.

from The Providence Daily Journal, June 25, 1878.

from The Providence Daily Journal, June 25, 1878.

Within the next year or two, her daughters Emma and Sarah married, and her husband remarried.  Was her illness another long, sad note in the difficult times this family faced?  Or was it actually relatively brief?  Did it impact how the business venture in Johnston went?  The family had moved on to Providence by the time of her death, where by 1880 Russell was an overseer in a large mill, obviously not his own.  It’s sad to think of them burying her far away (and Russell followed her, a couple of decades later), and probably thinking, for years, that they would put up a headstone, a plan that never came to fruition.

Section 6, Plot 9, "R & W Lamphere" at Yantic Cemetery, Norwich, Connecticut

Section 6, Plot 9, “R & W Lamphere” at Yantic Cemetery, Norwich, Connecticut

Who were the Andrews? 

At first, I thought it would be easy to discover the Andrews of Ashford, Connecticut, and learn about Hannah’s origins.  Ashford is a little town in rural northeastern Connecticut, well north of Norwich. I knew Hannah’s story was a little bit complicated, because sometimes she and Alden, or their children, reported them being born in Massachusetts, sometimes Connecticut.  Her Providence death records reported her parents as Jesse and Sarah Andrews (Alden’s 1873 death record lists a father, Jesse, only), and her birth place as Coventry, Connecticut. Nothing much came of the Coventry clue, so I moved back to a more contemporary record.  Knowing she was “of Ashford” in 1838, I checked the 1840 census records.

No Jesse Andrews in the 1840 census.  In 1830, Jesse Andrews was living in Ashford. His household showed only a man, 60-70, and a woman, 50-60.  Next to him was a “Benjamin Andrews”, also in a household of 2, a younger man and woman.  The 1820 census for Ashford showed Jesse Andrews in a bustling household of 11; a male over 45, a female 26 – 44, and 8 of the occupants were 16 or under.  One person was engaged in Agriculture and 5 in Manufactures.  The 1810 and prior census records showed no Jesse Andrews anywhere in Windham County.  I readily admit, I was confused.  How could that lonely household of 2 in 1830 have been the family of Hannah and her brother Alden, who would have been around 11 and 13 that year?

Ashford, from Connecticut Historical Collections by J.W. Barber, New Haven, 1836, p. 417.

Ashford, from Connecticut Historical Collections by J.W. Barber, New Haven, 1836, p. 417.

I set about hunting every Jesse Andrews I could, in New England.  One was married to “Sarah” and they lived their lives in Montague, Massachusetts.  The trouble was, in the years when Hannah and Alden could have been born, they were busy having several other children, and they raised a large family and never left Montague.  They were never in Ashford.

The only other Jesse Andrews that married a “Sarah” was a 1795 marriage record in Warwick, Rhode Island, for Jesse Andrews and “Sally Arnold.” Surely, that was too early for children born in 1817 and 1819.  And, of all the Connecticut and Massachusetts references I had seen, no mention was ever made of Rhode Island.

A visit to Ashford showed no vital or probate records for any of the people I knew, or any likely Andrews.  On another trip I went to Eastford, an offshoot of Ashford, again, nothing.

Key Fact #1

The one thing my Ashford visit turned up was a deed from Jesse Andrews to Alden Andrews in January, 1838 for the purchase of a 50 acre tract of land in southeastern Ashford.

It was good and bad news.  The names were unusual enough, and the year was the exact year that tied her family to Ashford, 1838, so I had to accept that this was Hannah’s family.  That was great, I had found them.  What was bad was the poor documentation and subsequent disappearance of Andrews from Ashford.  In the only other deed for Jesse, he (“of Ashford”) purchased the same property, with a mortgage, in 1832.  Alden lost the property by 1840, and was in Springfield, Massachusetts when he married for the first time.  I suspect Jesse was dead by 1840.

And here things sat for quite a while.  I pursued a line of Andrews that came from Ipswich, Massachusetts to Preston, Connecticut for quite a long time, and some Andrews from the Hartford area.  Alden’s name is unusual enough that I felt, for sure, I would find it.  I didn’t.

About a year and a half ago I began again my hunt for Jesse and Sarah, and this Benjamin Andrews who was a neighbor.

Key Fact #2

It’s almost hard to say why this clue was so big, but as I searched census records I finally noticed that there was an 1850 census record in Eastford for Benjamin Andrews, who was a 41 year old recent widower with two children, and a woman named Sarah Andrews, 74 and both Benjamin and Sarah reported being born in Rhode Island. 

Suddenly, it all made sense.  Benjamin was another son of Jesse Andrews, and Sarah was his mother, who was by then a widow.  If they came from Rhode Island, she could be the “Sally Arnold” who married Jesse Andrews in 1795.  Benjamin could have been born in Rhode Island around 1809.  Jesse and Sarah could have been the older couple in Ashford in 1830.  Sarah’s age when Hannah was born in 1819 could have been, say, 44.  Not completely crazy.

I visited the Connecticut State Library around this time, and learned that Sarah continued to live with Benjamin, during his second marriage, until she disappeared from the Norwich city directories about 1862.  No death or probate records, and that was too bad because I was hoping to find a death record that gave Sarah’s maiden name.  None turned up.  Benjamin himself developed quite a criminal record towards the end of his life and spent time in prison.

I began studying the Warwick Jesse and Sarah Andrews in earnest.  I learned several things:

  • Jesse was the son of Phillip Andrews, according to his marriage record and a manuscript I found at the Rhode Island Historical Society.  This rather obscure Andrews family descended from a North Kingstown, Rhode Island founder – one of the Fones purchasers – John Andrews (sometimes McAndrews).  Jesse had a grandmother named Hannah.
  • Jesse’s part of this family was not well documented, but he and one brother, Christopher, had detailed marriage records that have survived.
  • Phillip, the father, had an active military career in the French and Indian Wars and the American Revolution.  He was sometimes in the company of a Benjamin Andrews. The name of his wife is unknown. He died before 1795 when he was “dec’d” on Jesse’s marriage record. No probate.
East Greenwich Town Hall, formerly the Kent County Courthouse.  Photo by Diane Boumenot.

East Greenwich Town Hall, formerly the Kent County Courthouse. Photo by Diane Boumenot.

  • Since I knew from the marriage record that Sally’s father was Joseph Arnold (an extremely common name in that place and time) I noted that Jesse often lived next to a Joseph Arnold, and also another neighbor named Freelove Andrews, possibly Jesse’s widowed mother, whose name is unknown.
  • Jesse’s brother Christopher left Rhode Island in the late 1700’s for Pittstown, Rensselaer, New York.  He became the father of numerous children and he and his children are quite well documented.
  • Jesse had a Seaman’s Protection Certificate issued in 1798 and served on the Brig Fanny out of Providence in 1799.
  • Jesse purchased a small house and lot at the corner of Main and Montrose Streets in East Greenwich in 1797.  He sold it by 1800 and was at that time listed as “Yeoman alias Mariner.”  His wife “Sarah” signed one of the deeds, showing that “Sally” was indeed a “Sarah.”

Jesse appeared with a growing family in the 1800 and 1810 census in Warwick, then disappeared.  Not really knowing Sarah’s exact Arnold family and possible connections, I did an extensive census match-up between Warwick in 1810 and Ashford in 1820 to see if anyone might have accompanied them (A Census of the Census and 9 Other Things I Tried).  Nothing came of that.

Key Fact #3

All of this was helpful, but didn’t prove that the family in Warwick was the same as the family in Ashford.  Then I decided to get some DNA testing done on both my parents. 

Mom’s test came up with dozens of close matches to either Christopher Andrews (Jesse’s brother) or other Andrews of Warwick and East Greenwich, as well as the local families they tended to intermarry with – Sweets, Mattisons, Arnolds, Greenes.  Mom has no other connections in this part of Rhode Island.  It can really only come from Hannah Andrews.  I’m going to continue testing with other companies, but I’m accepting this evidence at this point.

The Old Randall Holden House, from History of Warwick by Fuller.  Randall Holden is a possible ancestor, depending on the exact Arnold line I may discover for Sarah.

The Old Randall Holden House, from History of Warwick by Fuller. Randall Holden is a possible ancestor, depending on the exact Arnold line I may discover for Sarah.

Things I still don’t know

  • Hannah and Russell were married by a Rev. Joel R. Arnold of the Colchester Conn. church, a popular preacher who didn’t stay long.  Now I am wondering if he is related to Sarah.  Duh.  Arnold.  That’s just occurring to me.
  • What happened between 1810 and 1820?  If they were in Massachusetts, where?  I find no evidence in deeds, many of which are actually online.  I see other relatives heading to Vermont or New York, but I never see anyone else going to Massachusetts.  Nearby Massachusetts should be a possibility (just north of Ashford, maybe) but I can’t find any record.  Perhaps Jesse’s mother died, and he had a small inheritance, and went elsewhere to buy land.  But I can’t find it.  I read Warwick town records for this decade, thinking they may have thrown him out, or paid him for something, but no luck.
  • The name Alden - where did that come from?  None of these Arnolds or Andrews had Mayflower roots.
  • Sarah Arnold’s parents will have to be discovered among the early Warwick Arnolds.  Her birth was not recorded, so she may have been in a family that migrated from one town to another, perhaps recording only part of their family.  My biggest clue is the proximity of Joseph Arnold to Jesse Andrews in the census records.
  • While I don’t think there are marked graves for Jesse and Sarah, I at least would like to find some notice of their deaths.
  • I have a theory that the missing children for Jesse and Sarah Andrews in the 1830 Ashford census may have headed south to Norwich, with their older siblings, to work in mills or do piecework at home.  Hannah could really only have met Russell in Norwich.
  • There were many other children in the Warwick 1810 census whose names are not known to me – what became of them?  I see little clear evidence in Warwick, Ashford, or Norwich.
  • It is embarrassing that I only have first name/middle initials for 4 of Hannah’s 5 children.  I normally do much better than that. In Sarah’s case, I sought out her grave and cemetery records, and I certainly sought and sometimes found marriage and death records for all.  If any of their descendants read this, please, let me know if you know one.
  • Now that I have the DNA bug, I’m a little curious about what the DNA of Alden’s descendants might tell us.  I don’t know any of them, but for his oldest son Russell, in particular, I have a lot of leads.

In the meantime, yay.  I found my ancestors right in my own backyard. Much more research will follow.

In summary

Hannah saw a lot in her 59 years.  She was born in a town that was new to her family, moved at least once or twice, and may have been part of the workforce at an early age.  I suspect when she met her husband he seemed far above her in station, and I am quite sure he was a very smart man, a sort of self-educated engineer.  Not much transpired after marriage that was easy or particularly successful, but I have in mind a version of her life where she admires her smart and ambitious husband, is appreciated for her willingness to follow him south, weathers very difficult times during the war, tends her children until, at the end, they must tend her, and is sincerely mourned. Rest in peace.

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2014/09/30/hannah-andrews-brick-wall/

East Greenwich, from Picturesque Rhode Island. P245

East Greenwich, from Picturesque Rhode Island. P245

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This week I had the opportunity to visit the Library of Congress in Washington, DC.  The massive library consists of three buildings: the Jefferson Building, the Adams Building, and the Madison Building.  I took the Metro to the Capital South stop on the Blue Line.   It was only about 2 blocks up from there.  Parking, and even driving, looked completely impossible – the local streets seemed closed off, with police at every intersection.  That looked like a permanent state of affairs to me, but I could be wrong.

The Jefferson Building of the Library of Congress, across from the Capital building.

The Jefferson Building of the Library of Congress, across from the Capital building.

I wanted to visit the stunning Jefferson Building, and then get a research card and look at a manuscript in the Madison Building.  I had a backup plan if there was more time – a list of books I had found in the online card catalog, saved, emailed to myself, and printed.  Books from the stacks at the Library of Congress must be requested; one cannot roam the stacks. The old Genealogy Room is now gone; users should request the materials from the Main Reading Room.  This isn’t my favorite way of doing things, so I thought I would prefer to go for a manuscript.

Main entrance of the Jefferson Building.  The exit is in the back.

Main entrance of the Jefferson Building. The exit is in the back.

The Jefferson Building

The Jefferson Building with its famous Main Reading Room is incredibly beautiful.  I don’t know when I’ve been so overwhelmed by a building.  It was inspiring, and deserved a longer visit.  I hung by some of the tours, listening in.  I’ll have to take one of those someday.

The main entryway is several stories tall with marble staircases.

The Jefferson Building. The main entryway is several stories tall with marble staircases.

I walked through the Jefferson Building, visited the gift shop on my way out and purchased a sale book of old Massachusetts maps for $12, and then walked across the street to the more modern Madison Building.

A closer view of one of the marble staircases.

A closer view of one of the marble staircases in the Jefferson Building.

The Reader’s Registration

I visited the Reader’s Registration office in the Madison Building (LM-140) to request my registration card.  I had previously registered online for the card through the link on this page which was not really necessary but I hoped it would speed things up on site.  The card was cute. It will be good for two years.  Then, I went up to the sixth floor (yellow/red sections of the huge building) and found, with some difficulty, the cafeteria.  I had lunch, and it was quite peaceful in there until right about 12, when it got very busy.

Some details of the Main Reading Room.  I could have gained access once I had my research card, but didn't have enough time.

Some details of the Main Reading Room. I could have gained access once I had my research card, but didn’t have enough time.

The manuscript

I went to the Manuscripts Room on the first floor of the Madison Building. There were lockers, and very little could be brought in, but my tablet was ok, and they had wifi, which was helpful. I also brought my camera in to take pictures of the documents. I stored my other gear in the locker they gave me.

I had previously dropped them an email to inquire if the manuscript set I wanted had to be pre-ordered for remote retrieval.  They said that it should be available without advance planning.

The manuscript I had selected from the online catalog was:

Rhode Island General Assembly records, 1653-1747
Creator Rhode Island. General Assembly.
Extent 24 items ; 6 containers ; 2 linear feet
Summary Minutes, acts, and proceedings of Rhode Island’s colonial legislature sitting in various towns.
Finding Aid: http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.mss/eadmss.ms009023
LC Online Catalog record: http://lccn.loc.gov/mm83085753

The Madison Building

The Madison Building, Library of Congress.

Since the files had not been microfilmed, they let me use the originals.  I was mystified about the origins and provenance of the old, handwritten sets of Rhode Island General Assembly records.  The earliest records were in three bound and restored volumes; the later three were archival folders with loose papers or loosely sewn booklets.  As I read through them I realized where they came from.  Early in Rhode Island history, there was no state capital exactly; the state government often met at Newport but also floated from place to place regularly.  As the minutes of government business were written, it would be ordered that extra copies be made and filed with the main towns – usually at least Providence, Portsmouth, Newport and Warwick.  Many of the pages I saw in this archive were marked “Portsmouth.”

A sample page of the manuscript of Rhode Island General Assembly records, hhh

A sample page of the manuscript of Rhode Island General Assembly records.  The writing is fairly uniform within each section, and VERY small, to save paper, I presume.

I focused on finding three items relating to my 8x-great grandfather John McAndrews / Andrews:

  1. His freeman status, 1671
  2. His part in the Pettaquamscutt Purchase, mentioned in the General Assembly 1671
  3. A General Assembly act to lessen a criminal sentence he received, in 1679.
At the manuscript reading area in the Madison Building.

At the manuscript reading area in the Madison Building.

Sadly, I tried hard but didn’t find the 1671 records, and I think this is because the version I was reading was incomplete.  I did find the 1679 record.  What astonished me was that I have seen mentions of this item several times, and seen it in a compiled genealogy at the Rhode Island Historical Society.  I NEVER knew what the crime was, but I do now:

[Volume 2, unpaginated:  At a Genl Assembly held for the Collony at Newport the 29th of October 1679]  Voted Upon the petition of John Mackandrews, alias Andrews to this Genl Assembly that they would be pleased to remit the sentence of the Genl Court of Tryalls against him, the Reasons contained in the said petition, Being the Great infirmity of his Body the Great infirmity of his Body [<–good sign that this was a copy] and the smallness of his Estate which said Reasons being to us made apparent, and alsoe there being no Evidence against him but the womans accusation and his incapassety to maintain his family, Upon the consideration thereof this Assembly doe remitt, and take off the Corporal punishment due to him the said John Mackandrew by the law of this Collony, and alsoe five pounds of the pecunery [muled?] or fine due by the law aforesaid: And alsoe this Assembly doe hereby further order that the Recorder shall grant forth Execution for the Remainder of the fine due by the law, until the Genl Assembly give order for it : Hoping that this our Clemency and good will, will not in any Wise encourage him nor any others to offend against law in the like manner.

No complete or well researched work has been done on John Andrews and I would like to solve the mystery of his arrival in Rhode Island, possibly from Scotland, his whereabouts before his arrival in North Kingstown, and of his marriage(s) and children.

My purchase at the gift shop.   Massachusetts: Mapping the Bay State Through History

My purchase at the gift shop. Massachusetts: Mapping the Bay State Through History

Records of the Colony of Rhode Island

Most of what I looked at should be contained in the printed books “The Records of the Colony of Rhode Island” but apparently I had missed some of the John Andrews items previously.  I enjoyed perusing the 6 volumes/boxes, I was excited to find my item as it was originally written (or at least copied), and I am newly dedicated to using the Records of the Colony of Rhode Island. Any time I see a reference to an act by the government, I am going to check out the record myself and not rely on someone else’s summary.

I will have to save the list of books to be pulled from the stacks for another trip.  But I enjoyed my visit to the library and I would love to go back.

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2014/09/25/library-of-congress/

This early seal with an anchor was evidently meant to mark this as an official copy.  It appears many times in the volumes.

This early seal with an anchor (from a restored, bound page) was evidently meant to mark this as an official copy. It appears many times in the volumes.

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So in my search for the origins of the Jesse and Sarah Andrews who lived in Ashford, Connecticut in 1820, I have concentrated recently (see the previous post) on a family by that name who seemed to disappear from Warwick, Rhode Island after 1810.

The problem

As the search goes on, I have come to believe that poverty is playing a big role in the lack of available evidence.  Around 1800, most of my other New England ancestors were doing many of the following things:

  • farming, and using ear marks for cattle (well maybe ear marks were more common in 1700)
  • buying and selling property; paying taxes
  • recorded in state or federal census records
  • occasionally: divorce or other lawsuits, licenses for various businesses, church membership, graduating from college
  • holding various small public service positions in their towns or serving in the military
  • recording the births of children with the town
  • having their own death noted briefly in a local paper, and/or recorded by the town
  • leaving an estate that required probate and/or guardianship of children
  • buried in a grave with a marker

But, not so much with Jesse Andrews.  While I do have some good evidence of his parentage and his father’s family tree, this is all I have on Jesse himself:

  • 1795 – Jesse Andrews and Sally Arnold married in Warwick, by James Jerrauld, Justice.  He was the son of “Philip, dec.”  She was the daughter of Joseph.
  • 1797 – Jesse, a “mariner”, purchased a house and lot on Main Street, East Greenwich, R.I.  His brother Christopher seemed to have a half share of it.
  • 1798 – Jesse, age 32, received a Seaman’s Protection Certificate, Providence, Rhode Island. Reportedly had been born in Warwick R.I.
  • 1799 – Jesse returned from a 4 month voyage to Surinam as crew on the Brig Fanny (B. Alger, Master)

ship

  • 1800 – Jesse, “yeoman alias mariner” sold the East Greenwich house and lot.  Christopher seemed to sell his half share.
  • 1800 – Census - Jesse was living in Warwick with 3 children and two women.  Joseph Arnold was a neighbor. Freelove Andrews was next door (may possibly be his widowed mother)
  • 1810 – Census - Jesse living in Warwick with an adult female and 7 children under 16.  Joseph Arnold was a neighbor. Freelove Andrews was next door (may possibly be his widowed mother)
  • –  THIS IS THE POINT WHERE THE TWO FAMILIES MAY OR MAY NOT BE THE SAME —
  • 1820 – Census - Jesse living in Ashford, CT with two females over 16 and 8 children under 16.
  • 1830 – Census - Jesse living in Ashford, CT with a female, 50-59.
  • 1832 – Jesse purchased a 50 acre property in southeastern Ashford, with a mortgage
  • 1838 – Jesse sold the 50 acre property to his son Alden; Alden mortgaged it, then sold it in 1839.
  • 1838 – when daughter Hannah (my ggg-grandmother) married in 1838, she was “of Ashford.”
  • [after this, I find records for a Benjamin B. Andrews and widowed mother Sarah – not proved she is the same Sarah. No death record for Sarah.]

Looking for family and neighbors

I have been tracking family and neighbors like crazy.  That is probably the only thing that will solve this but so far, it has only provided numerous clues.  There are three main impediments:  (1) I only know one of Jesse’s siblings, but early census records show there are at least five more; (2) I only know two of Jesse’s children, but census records indicate there may be five more, and (3) Sally Arnold’s father was named Joseph Arnold, which is not only an incredibly common name in the area, but is shared with two others that made dozens of land transactions.  So I am still wading through that.

Years in Rhode Island

Jesse does not appear in the East Greenwich or Warwick land records except for the brief ownership of a house on Main Street, East Greenwich (which is adjacent to Warwick – the busy street is half East Greenwich, half Warwick).  The house and lot in East Greenwich were “24 square rods of land” (equals less than a sixth acre) so clearly Jesse was not going into farming on his own.  Since the deeds indicate he was a mariner in 1797 and was, by 1800, “yeoman, alias mariner” we know it’s the same person, but I can only suppose “yeoman” meant, in this case, farming someone else’s land, perhaps his father in law’s, Joseph Arnold, who seems to be nearby in the census.

The division between Warwick and East Greenwich is close to Main Street, EG.  Post Road marked in blue.

The division between Warwick and East Greenwich is close to Main Street, EG. Post Road marked in blue. Map from 1856.

The crew lists I examined at the Rhode Island Historical Society begin around 1797, so although I only have one record of a voyage for him, he may have had earlier voyages.  But clearly, from the deeds, he transitioned from mariner to yeoman by 1800.  I assume his plan to support a house for his growing family was not sustainable, although perhaps there was another reason to give up the house.

Years in Connecticut

Other than the land transactions in Ashford which definitely tie Jesse to the son I know about, Alden, and pretty much prove to me that the Jesse in Ashford is indeed my gggg grandfather, I am finding nothing else in Connecticut – no probate, no other property, no taxes, no death record for him or for Sarah, no graves, and no military records.

The one decent theory I have, tying Jesse & Sarah Andrews of Ashford to the Warwick couple, is reinforced by the numbers in the 1810 and 1820 census records – they had 7 children under 16 in 1810, and 8 in 1820.  A possible son, and his widowed mother Sarah, consistently claim after 1840 to have been born in Rhode Island. This additional son is named Benjamin B. Andrews.  He lived with a mother Sarah from about 1840 until 1861 when, I believe, she died.  I was surprised to see, as he grew older, that Benjamin developed quite a criminal record.

The life of a chicken thief

As I was preparing for my trip to the Connecticut State Archives, I came across a search screen for “Databases of Individuals Listed in State Archives Records“.  None of the data sets looked appropriate for my Andrews family so on a whim I tried “Wethersfield Prison Records 1800-1903.”  Uh oh.  A search for Andrews turned up this:

  • last name: Andrews
  • first name: Benjamin
  • residence: Eastford
  • court: Windham
  • crime: breaking and entering
  • victim: Higginbotham, Daniel
  • prison term: one year, six months
  • date issued: 2/14/1882

This was the person I have tentatively identified as Jesse’s son.  So that was not cheerful news, and I started a newspaper search for more details of Benjamin’s life (I knew he had lived in the towns of Ashford/Eastford, and Norwich at various times; he married twice, to Lucy B Snow, and Mary Ann Davis).  I found various criminal convictions, such as:

  • 09 December 1864Benjamin B. Andrews of Norwich, Ct., went out robbing hen roosts, on the 2d stole about a wagon load, was arrested, examined, case adjourned, and then he took leg bail.  [note – I believe that means he ran off]. (Springfield Union (Springfield, MA), p. 2).
  • 03 March 1866Benjamin B. Andrews of Norwich, has been arrested and bound over for trial by the superior court for pretending to be a justice of the peace and marrying a couple. (Providence Evening Press (Providence, RI) vol. XIV, iss. 157, p. 3).  Same story – 17 March 1866  (Springfield Republican (Springfield, MA), p. 8).
  • 30 April 1878Benjamin Andrews from Eastford, was brought before Judge Tilden last week, charged with stealing 10 chickens from Cha. Simpson of South Windham.  He was found guilty on circumstantial evidence, and fined $5 and costs.  He appealed, and in default of bonds was sent to Brooklyn to await trial.  He was well known at the jail, and bears a bad reputation among his neighbors.  It is stated that one year he sold 200 chickens and did not raise one of them.  (Willimantic Enterprise News, as transcribed on the Ancestry.com Message Board for “1877 Willimantic Enterprise News” item #1262)
  • 20 March 1882Benjamin Andrews, one of a gang of burglars who have plundered many houses in Windham County, has been sent to state prison for a year.  (New Haven Register (New Haven, CT) vol. XLII, iss. 66, p. 4.)

chickensBenjamin had married twice, and had several children.  He was usually listed as a farmer. Whether he was pursuing criminal activity his whole life, or only later in life, I don’t know.  He died of “Peritonitis” in 1885.  Benjamin appears in the Eastford, Connecticut death records (Town of Eastford Births Marriages Deaths, vol. 3 1881-1886, p.210-211)  with no place of birth, parents, or exact age listed.  Court or even prison records, if I can find them, might reveal more about his origins.

Poverty and genealogy

Jesse Andrew’s lack of wealth and property are holding back my progress on this search.  This will not come as news to genealogists, of course.  And it could be pointed out that sometimes, poverty itself causes records to be produced for an individual – “warnings out” for out-of-town residents who were falling on hard times, to put them on notice not to expect town support if needed, and perhaps consider relocating to their home town, also repayment by the town for support of the poor by residents who “bid” to house and feed them, or perhaps for the coffin and burial. Interviews were often a part of the warning-out system, involving the life story of the poor person, since the home town needed to be determined, and the rules on that were convoluted.  Finding any stray remnants of such interviews can be extremely helpful, of course.

Unwelcome Americans

Unwelcome Americans

In my frustration with the Jesse Andrews question I turned for help to a book which focuses on poverty in 18th-century Rhode Island.  Unwelcome Americans by Ruth Wallis Herndon (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001) traces the stories of 40 Rhode Island paupers, presenting as much of their lives, families, and experiences as can be known.  Genealogists would enjoy the book, which attempts to tell the stories that other history books never will.  Often, the stories are partial – a glimpse of a well-documented span of a couple years, perhaps, with no clear beginning and no clear end.  Because a number of Ruth’s profiles are of Warwick residents, I hoped to find some familiar names, but did not.  But I learned a lot about the undocumented nature of the life of paupers, and about the communities she describes in Rhode Island.

This glimpse into the world of Rhode Island’s somewhat invisible classes helped me to realize that Jesse’s absence from  town and tax records, vital records, newspapers, probate records, and cemeteries, with only brief stints of property ownership, probably puts him in the struggling un-landed class, with no real trade.  According to Unwelcome Americans, stints as ship crew members were common for poorer families during this period.  In neither location did Jesse’s fortunes sink low enough to put him on public assistance (I would have seen that in the town records I looked at).  In Warwick I suspect, from the census record evidence, that he and his wife usually lived with her father, or his mother.  By the time they got to Ashford, Connecticut, some of the older children were capable of helping out.  Indeed, an older sibling must have taken in the younger children if the 1830 census, showing Jesse and Sarah living alone, is to be believed, because daughter Hannah was only 12 then.

Jesse living near Benjamin Andrews as shown in the 1830 census.  Benjamin was a newlywed, living with his wife, Jesse and his wife are there, but Jesse's 2 youngest children are not present in either household.

Jesse living near Benjamin Andrews in Ashford as shown in the 1830 census. Benjamin was a newlywed, living with his wife, Jesse and his wife are there, but Jesse’s 2 youngest children are not present in either household.

In conclusion

The pattern that I noticed with many of my 19th century southern New England ancestors, that gradually lost the last remnants of family land after it had been divided many times over, seemed to strike early with Jesse Andrews and his family. They were poor.  Therefore I plan to pursue the following record types now:

  • General Assembly records in Rhode Island  – a Joseph Arnold of Warwick petitioned the General Assembly as an insolvent debtor in 1823.  While not certain to be Sarah’s father, it just might be since the record is unlikely to belong to the two wealthy Joseph Arnolds that I am already aware of.  This would be at the Rhode Island State Archives.
  • Court records in Rhode Island – there is a Kent County Court of Common Pleas record for the same petition, above.  This should be at the Rhode Island Judicial Archives.
  • Court records in Connecticut – there should be records related to some of Benjamin B. Andrews’ crimes, listed above (and many more, I expect).  If I could prove that he was Jesse’s son, that would be very significant, since he and his mother Sarah were born in Rhode Island.
  • Factory town records – since there is little evidence of the Andrews children in Ashford (for instance, their marriages), I should explore the Norwich area to see if they sought factory jobs there.  Son Alden pursued farming for the rest of his life, but there is no evidence of who the other children were or what they did.  My guess would be, they sought out factory jobs, or migrated north or west in search of available farmland.  Since daughter Hannah presumably met her husband in Norwich, and he worked in a factory there, I have sometimes wondered if she was a young factory worker, or living in town with older siblings.
  • Military records – Jesse’s father Philip served in the Revolutionary War, and died young, and I see no evidence that his widow (whose name I am unsure of) ever filed for a widow’s pension.  But I will keep looking.
  • Town records in Ashford – Although I have covered deeds, vital, probate and cemetery records in Ashford, I need to look more thoroughly through the town council records.

Sources for Warwick

I would not be nearly as far along with the Warwick/East Greenwich information without the following valuable works, all published by the Rhode Island Genealogical Society.  The first two contain hundreds of amazing footnotes explaining relationships and circumstances of the individuals named.  The last four books are transcriptions of some town council records.

  • Bamberg, Cherry Fletcher.  The Diary of Capt. Samuel Tillinghast of Warwick, Rhode Island 1757-1766.  Greenville, Rhode Island: Rhode Island Genealogical Society (Special Publication No. 3), 2000.
  • Bamberg, Cherry Fletcher.  Elder John Gorton and the Six Principle Baptist Church of East Greenwich, Rhode Island.  Greenville, Rhode Island: Rhode Island Genealogical Society (Special Publication No. 6), 2001.
  • Bamberg, Cherry Fletcher.  Gleanings from Rhode Island Town Records: East Greenwich Town Council Records, 1734 – 1774.  Rhode Island Roots Special Bonus Issue 2008.
  • Bamberg, Cherry Fletcher.  Gleanings from Rhode Island Town Records: East Greenwich Town Council Records, 1775 – 1800 Rhode Island Roots Special Bonus Issue 2009.
  • Bamberg, Cherry Fletcher.  Gleanings from Rhode Island Town Records: Warwick Town Council Records, 1742 – 1780 Rhode Island Roots Special Bonus Issue 2012.
  • Bamberg, Cherry Fletcher.  Gleanings from Rhode Island Town Records: Warwick Town Council Records, 1781 – 1801.  Rhode Island Roots Special Bonus Issue 2013.
Special issues of Rhode Island Roots containing transcribed and indexed town records.  RIGS members receive these - a great reason to join!

Special issues of Rhode Island Roots containing transcribed and indexed town records. RIGS members receive these – a great reason to join!

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2013/11/11/on-poverty-records-and-chicken-thieves

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I visited the Connecticut State Library for the first time this week.  The library, located in downtown Hartford on Capital Avenue, has a genealogy/history section on the lower level.  I parked in the parking garage just across Oak Street.

The Connecticut State Library front entrance

The Connecticut State Library front entrance

Examining the resources in advance, I consulted the Genealogists page (note that the collections extend for several pages).  There is a page of finding aids for historical collections, some of which are online.   There is a collection of digital records at the Connecticut State Library which can be searched online, and a search screen for “Databases of Individuals Listed in State Archives Records“.

My mission that day was to look for a death record for my gggg-grandmother Sarah Andrews, who died probably shortly after 1861, when she appeared in the Norwich City Directory boarding in the same house as her (I believe) son Benjamin Andrews. She would have been around 85 at that point.  I had been to Norwich, and also Eastford and Ashford, and had not found a record yet.  I was hoping to find a maiden name.

There is a long hallway to one side of the reading room that contains many of the well-known Connecticut card indices. You get to visit them in person!

There is a long hallway to one side of the reading room that contains many of the well-known Connecticut card indices. You get to visit them in person!

I do not have a lot of Connecticut ancestors, and certainly no early Connecticut families before 1800.   If I did, I would really have been at the right place.  For those who have those connections, I would say this library is a must-visit.

A Lamphere cousin in the Barbour Collection of Connecticut Vital Records

An Andrews record in the Church Records index

I was lucky that a well known Massachusetts genealogist was in the library that day, and helped me find all available resources for Sarah’s death, newspaper, probate, or church records.  Nothing was found, which was pretty much what I expected since I didn’t find it in the cities and towns I visited. But I should stress that there is a helpful library staff who would also have been happy to help.  This is not a place where the staff are stand-offish; they were very nice.

A Lamphere cousin in the Barbour Collection of Connecticut Vital Records

A Lamphere cousin in the Barbour Collection of Connecticut Vital Records

The Barber Collection of Vital Records didn’t help me much.  I have consulted it before online, but it was fun to use the card index in person.

There are several rows of newspaper microfilm in a back room.

There are several rows of newspaper microfilm in a back room.

The collection of Connecticut newspapers on microfilm was very impressive.  In the Hale newspaper index I did find a second, repeated death notice for another gggg-grandmother, Lydia (Miner) Lamphere, 1849, Norwich.  I had obtained one from the Norwich Courier previously; this one was in the Norwich Bulletin, January, 1849.

The book stacks contained town books, family genealogies, and related books and journals.

The book stacks contained town books, family genealogies, and related books and journals.

In the stacks, I looked for volumes on the local areas where the Andrews lived – Ashford, Eastford, and Norwich.  I also explored some typewritten and published books on various family names.  The collection was quite good and I found one or two items that were new to me.

The Hale Newspaper volumes

The Hale volumes

The Hale Cemetery index is not just a card file, but also consists of bound books where the cemeteries are presented section by section.  I found the section of Yantic Cemetery, Norwich, where some my Lamphere ggg-grandparents were buried, and some nearby sections with other relatives.  I took pictures of all those pages.

The microfilm (here, of local town records including vital, probate and land) was neatly and clearly labelled.

The microfilm (here, of local town records including vital, probate and land) was neatly and clearly labelled.

I looked through some town records on microfilm for Sarah’s death.  No luck.

My large cell phone doubles as a small tablet in libraries.  I access Evernote for my research notes and to-do's, and my tree on Ancestry.  Since I always have it with me, the notes are always where I need them.

My large Galaxy Note 2 cell phone doubles as a small tablet in libraries. I access Evernote for my research notes and to-do’s, my tree on Ancestry, any of my documents stored on Dropbox, and even take pictures in a pinch. My daughters call it the “genealogy phone.”  That’s not meant to be a compliment.

I always enjoy looking through the random materials collected in the Vertical Files.  I didn’t find much.

The main reading area at the library

The main reading area at the library

It wasn’t all that busy in the library that day, and I decided to ask the librarian about a question I have had for a long time – whether there could be any papers from the office of U.S. Representative John Turner Wait (1811-1899) in an archive somewhere.  He had a perfect resource for that – a volume called “A Guide to Research Collections of Former Members of the House of Representatives 1789-1987.”  John Turner Wait’s entry indicated that the Connecticut Historical Society had two letters and another set of correspondence with one individual.  None of that looked like it could possibly explain his relationship with my ggg-grandfather Russell Lamphere.  The librarian suggested I try his probate record, since obviously papers could have remained in private hands, and he helped me find the record.  The probate record was pretty revealing about his relationships with his two daughters and their husbands. He did not specifically mention his papers, and the contents and furnishings of his law library seemed to go to a partner.  The mystery continues. I recorded the names for future reference.  

My friend Barbara and I ate lunch in the lunchroom.

My friend Barbara and I brought our lunches and ate in the lunchroom.

The last thing I did was look at the 1861 city directory entry on microfilm where Sarah Andrews is mentioned for the last time.  Although I had seen the directories online at Ancestry.com, I noticed, this time, a useful map at the beginning of the book, and that the book was called “number 1″ which explains why I have never found one prior to 1861.  She does not appear from 1862 on.

Stedman's Directory of the City and Town of Norwich. Norwich, Conn., 1861. (no. 1) Page 1: map. Map should enlarge if clicked or opened.  Photograph from microfilm reader.

Stedman’s Directory of the City and Town of Norwich. Norwich, Conn., 1861. (no. 1) Page 1: map of the Original Town of Norwich. Map should enlarge if clicked or opened. Photograph from microfilm reader.

There was far more at the library/archives than I was able to explore in one day.  I always find that subsequent visits and questions are helpful.  All in all, an interesting trip, but I fear that Sarah’s death is unrecorded, so I will not be able to find her maiden name that way.  On to other Andrews strategies … one involves a chicken thief.

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2013/10/28/a-visit-to-the-conn-state-library

chickens

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Looking for a link between the Jesse Andrews family of Warwick, R.I. of 1810 and the Jesse Andrews family of Ashford, CT, 1820 has required a lot of patience and thought.  Here are 10 things I tried recently, and where they led me.  The story of Jesse and wife Sarah, parents of my ggg-grandmother Hannah Andrews, was detailed here.  My purpose is to find out what happened to the Warwick couple, and if they ended up in eastern Connecticut.

Word of caution:  I am related to Jesse and Sarah Andrews in Ashford, 1820.  I am only related to the Warwick folks if they are the same people.  Someday, I will know.

my grandmother is descended from Jesse Andrews

my grandmother is descended from Jesse Andrews

  1. A census of the census.  My idea, here, was to take the population of the 1810 census in Warwick and compare it, name by name, to the population of Ashford in 1820.  I wanted to see if others had migrated to Ashford, too.  This was fairly easy to set up, I opened each census record in Ancestry.com, scrolled back to page one, and using the typed index at the bottom of the page, copied that text one page at a time.  It was easy to just move the selected text to an open spreadsheet, with the mouse, and then move ahead to the next page of the census.  This resulted in a total of about 1,100 names.   I re-sorted the combined list and read it for duplicate first + last names that spanned the two places.  There were 5:  John Howard, Thomas Howard, William Howard, John Phillips, and John Smith.  Fine, but I don’t know what to make of that.  Inconclusive.

    My chart showing the two John Phillips

    My chart showing the two John Phillips

  2. Local historyI consulted Warwick’s Villages, Glimpses from the Past by Donald A. D’Amato (2009), The History of Warwick, Rhode Island by Oliver Payson Fuller (1875) and Edward Field’s State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations at the end of the Century Volume 2 (1902) for more information about what was going on in Apponaug/Cowesett/East Greenwich around 1790-1820.  During this time some mills sprang up in Apponaug.  There was a minor port and shipyard in Apponaug Cove, and a slightly larger port in East Greenwich.  As detailed in my last post, I know Jesse Andrews had a Seaman’s Certificate in 1798. Although I’ve only found one record of him shipping out internationally, in 1799, he may have worked in the shipyard or on local vessels.  Other events during that time include the War of 1812 (no participation that I can see; Jesse was a little old for that), the Great Gale of 1815, and the financial panic of 1819.  All of this could have driven them from their coastal life, inland, farming.

    Greenwich Bay, on west side of Narragansett Bay, leads to Apponuag and East Greenwich.  The area in between is called Cowesett.  Map by A. Finley, 1831.

    Greenwich Bay, on west side of Narragansett Bay, leads to Apponaug and East Greenwich. The area in between is called Cowesett. Map by A. Finley, 1831.

  3. The 1798 Direct Tax, Rhode Island.  As you can see on this Rhode Island Historical Society finding aid, “Direct Tax Records,” the federal government required the states in 1798 to compile “a particular list or description of each dwelling house” in order to create a tax assessment plan.  The descriptions of the houses often covered size of the lot, dimensions of the house, number of windows, outbuildings, owner’s name, lessee’s name, etc.  Luckily, Warwick is among the surviving records, which I viewed on microfilm.  Since Jesse and Sarah married in 1795 in Warwick and were included in the 1800 census for Warwick I was hopeful that I would find them there.  Alas, no, they were not in there, not even as tenants. There were no Andrews at all.  But, if accurate, this lack of an entry may be telling me that Jesse and his bride were living with family, or living in nearby East Greenwich.

    View of East Greenwich from the water.  From Picturespue Rhode Island, W. Munro, 1881.

    View of East Greenwich from the water. From Picturesque Rhode Island, W. Munro, 1881.

  4. Talking to a genealogy buddy.  Another genealogist and I had a talk about the problem.  She suggested that I should focus on the wife, Sarah.  Sarah is the daughter of Joseph Arnold of Warwick, but there were several JosephArnolds in Warwick in 1795, and no sign of a daughter Sarah among them.  But somehow I need to pursue this anyway.  So far I only have a probate record for one Joseph (not the right one), but need to pursue the others.  I tried looking at deeds at the Warwick City Hall, but that was not too helpful.

    One of several pages of Joseph Arnold deeds indexed at Warwick City Hall.  Note the "S.D." and "S.W." indicating "Son of D" and "Son of W".  Not every deed has that, of course.

    One of several pages of Joseph Arnold deeds indexed at Warwick City Hall. Note the “S.D.” and “S.W.” indicating “Son of D” and “Son of W”. That usage is common in Warwick.  Not every deed has that, of course.

  5. Looking at Sarah’s father. It seems very likely that Sarah’s father, Joseph Arnold, was alive at the time her marriage was recorded in 1795 (because Jesse’s father was specifically listed as “deceased”).   Joseph Arnold was a popular name in Warwick around this time.  One Joseph Arnold paid for a tavern license each year, as shown in the Warwick town council records that I viewed in at City Hall.  I think that may be the Joseph Arnold at Apponaug corners (see below), not the one I am looking for. 
  6. Reviewing published genealogies The Arnold Memorial and the William Arnold Outline are the works that pertain to the “Pawtuxet” Arnolds (both can be downloaded as pdf’s from the FamilySearch.org book section). I read each of these works entirely this time. I had been disheartened previously with the lack of a suitable Joseph/Sarah father/daughter match, but this time I realized that The Arnold Memorial is quite brief and concentrates mostly on wealthierArnolds (for instance, through probate records).  I realized that her absence from the book probably meant nothing.

    Governor Greene Mansion, located in Cowesett

    Governor Greene Mansion, located in Cowesett, from The History of Warwick, R.I. by Fuller, 1875.

  7. Maps.  The Warwick Historical Society has an extraordinary collection of old maps online.  I was amazed to find a map of the exact neighborhood and exact time period I wanted, that is, Apponaug 1805.  And, more amazingly, it contained a sketch of a Joseph Arnold house.  Putting together the details on the map, what I learned from The Arnold Memorial, and an examination of deeds at the Warwick City Hall, I was able to eliminate THAT Joseph Arnold and his son, Joseph Franklin Arnold.  That was a big help.

    Snippet of the 1805 Apponuag map, showing the rather grand three story house of Joseph Arnold - the WRONG Joseph Arnold - on a busy intersection near where the city hall is today.

    Snippet of the 1805 Apponaug map, showing the rather grand three story house of Joseph Arnold – the WRONG Joseph Arnold – on a busy intersection near where the city hall is today.  Map on the Warwick Historical Society website.

  8. Another approach to the census.  With a couple of JosephArnolds eliminated, I decided to look at every census record for Joseph Arnold in Warwick and East Greenwich, Rhode Island.  Now that I had eliminated some JosephArnolds, it got easier.  I identified two likely census records:
    • 1790 –  In East Greenwich, next to Jonathan Andrews, Whipple Andrews, and Joseph Card.  Probably my most significant find to date, and I’ve been working hard on this for months.  The Jonathan Andrews that had a son Whipple would have been the uncle of Jesse’s father, Philip (Jonathan and John Andrews were sons of Benoni Andrews).  Joseph Card was the husband of Jesse’s aunt, Welthian (Philip Andrews’ sister).
    • 1810 – In Warwick, there is a Joseph Arnold living right next door to Jesse Andrews. It seems like more than a coincidence, although it could possibly be a brother of Sarah’s, I suppose, instead of her father. Freelove Andrews appeared near him in several census records, and could possibly be his sister in law, Freelove (Rice) Andrews, if Jesse’s brother Christopher died young.  Or, it could be Jesse’s mother, who was a widow, name unknown.

    The 1810 Warwick census shows Jesse Andrews living between Freelove Andrews and Joseph Arnold. (Federal Census, Warwick, R.I. on Ancestry.com, p. 21 of 22.

    The 1810 Warwick census shows Jesse Andrews living between Freelove Andrews and Joseph Arnold. (Federal Census, Warwick, R.I. on Ancestry.com, p. 21 of 22.)

  9.  Cemetery Maps. There are hundreds and hundreds of cemeteries in Rhode Island.  Early on, there was little central control by any church.  Each family would have its own cemetery.  Looking up the “Joseph Card Lot” gave me a spot in East Greenwich where I believe the families mentioned in the 1790 census records may have been living. I base this on comparing the nearby family cemetery names with the 1790 census.  To see many of the R.I. lots on the map, try this set of links at Google Maps.  Note that sometimes, small lots were later moved when local cemeteries were built. 

    Thanks to Google maps and some wonderful volunteers for this useful map.

    Thanks to Google maps and some wonderful volunteers for this useful map.  See my link, above.

  10. Military records for Jesse’s father.  Jesse’s father was Phillip Andrews, born 1741 in East Greenwich, R.I.,  who died between 1786 and 1795.  I had seen Philip’s ancestry in a manuscript at the Rhode Island Historical Society although I had little other evidence to go on.  Looking more intently for evidence now, I came across two entries in Ancestry.com about military records for Philip Andrews:
    • he “Served in Col. Harris’ Regt. in 1760, and in Capt Tew’s Co. in 1762” – this was taken from A List of Rhode Island Soldiers and Sailors in the Old French & Indian War 1755-1762 by Howard M. Chapin, 1918 (I have a reprint from Clearfield called Rhode Island in the Colonial Wars, 1994, 2010).  Looking at my copy, I see there is also a Joshua, Benjamin and William Andrews in Col. Harris’ Regt.  I don’t know if those names mean anything.
    • he was listed in Roll Box 88, Roll State R.I. in the U.S. Revolutionary War Rolls.  (I need to try to find him in the 716 pages; perhaps when the National Archives website reopens I can find an index.)  That set of records is filled with original documents on Rhode Island regiments; I would highly recommend it (Ancestry.com. U.S. Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783. Regiment: Crarys Regiment, 1777-79 (folder 45); Elliotts Regiment of Artillery, 1776-78 (folder 46); Kimballs…). 

CONCLUSIONS

  • I waited much too long to research the earliest Andrews in order to link them to the proper Joseph Arnold.  Knowing all the descendants helped me to recognize the name Joseph Card when it appeared as a neighbor of Joseph Arnold in 1790.
  • I suspect Jesse was living in Cowesett (in Warwick) before he left Rhode island but have not proved that yet.
  • I have a lot of names I didn’t have before:  Joshua, Benjamin and William Andrews served with Philip Andrews in 1760, there are neighbors in the 1790 and 1810 census, names appear in Warwick in 1810 and in Ashford in 1820 (perhaps coincidentally), and names nearby Jesse in the 1800 census.  Also, there will be names from Phillip’s Revolutionary War service, when I can find the page.  Perhaps I can make a connection to Ashford, or to some Massachusetts town that Jesse and Sarah may have stopped in for a while.  I think almost nothing gets solved without knowing the community.
  • The Benjamin Arnold that served in the military with Phillip is particularly worth following up on.  If my guess is right, Jesse named one of his older sons Benjamin. There may be more siblings for Jesse and his brother Christopher.
  • NEXT:  visit the Warwick and East Greenwich town halls for vital, deed and probate records (I have tried before, but I often find a return visit turns up more).  A visit to the Connecticut State Library might help me pin down Jesse’s wife Sarah’s 1861 death record, with a maiden name, which could pretty much clinch this one way or another.

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2013/10/07/a-census-of-the-census-and-9

OK I'm pretty sure no one was a pirate here.  But if they were, "The Pirates Own Book" by Charles Ellms, 1837, might have been very helpful.  It's located at http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/12216

OK I’m pretty sure no one was a pirate here. But if they were, “The Pirates Own Book” by Charles Ellms, 1837, might have been very helpful. It’s located at http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/12216

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Hannah Andrews

My 3x-great grandmother Hannah Andrews has been a mystery that I have been working on since I started genealogy.  I am related to her in the following way:  my grandmother Edna May (Darling) Baldwin, her father Russell Earl Darling, his mother Emma (Lamphere) Darling, her mother Hannah (Andrews) Lamphere.

Hannah married Russell Lamphere in Colchester, Connecticut in 1838, and was “of Ashford” Connecticut.  She had a brother, Alden, that she must have been close to; they were frequently neighbors before she left Connecticut, Alden named his first son after her husband, and even after Hannah’s death, her husband took in another of Alden’s sons and got him a job in the mill where he was a supervisor.  The birthplace of both Hannah and Alden was usually cited as Massachusetts or, sometimes, Connecticut.  Based on census ages, I would estimate Alden was born in 1817 and Hannah in 1819.

Ashford, from Connecticut Historical Collections by J.W. Barber, New Haven, 1836, p. 417.

Ashford, from Connecticut Historical Collections by J.W. Barber, New Haven, 1836, p. 417.

What I knew

I found names for Hannah’s (and Alden’s) parents in Hannah’s 1878 Providence death record, “Jesse and Sarah Andrews”.  Alden’s 1873 death record in Coventry, Rhode Island lists his father as Jesse, and no name for the mother.  Hannah named her first daughter Sarah.  Obviously, I carefully examined the Ashford, Connecticut census records for Jesse Andrews.  I thought he should be there in 1840, since Hannah had just married in 1838.   But there was no Jesse in 1840.  In 1820, there was a large household headed by Jesse. In 1830, there was a household of an older couple, headed by Jesse.  There was nothing prior to 1820.

All this seemed wrong for a household that Hannah and Alden could have been born into in the late 1810’s.  Plus, Hannah and Andrew may have been born in Massachusetts, according to various census records.  I never noticed any sign of other siblings, so I suspected Hannah and Alden were NOT part of this large family from the 1820 census … perhaps they were orphans from a nearby section of Massachusetts, living with relatives in Ashford.

Although Jesse Andrews is an unusual name, it is far from unique.  I eliminated several Jesse Andrews for various reasons.  There were actually two couples names Jesse and Sarah Andrews – one in Montague, Massachusetts, married around 1817, who unfortunately had too many documented children during the years Hannah and Alden could have been born (plus, they never left Montague). So not them.   There was one other couple, Jesse Andrews and Sally Arnold, married in Warwick, Rhode Island in 1795.  I considered them, but they seemed too old, and I found them in the 1800 and 1810 Rhode Island federal census with a growing family.  I knew that the correct Jesse and Sarah Andrews might be poorly documented (after all, I have never found birth records for Alden and Hannah), so I suspected the real couple was still unknown to me, and kept looking.

Recent progress

However, I have found additional information recently.  The process went something like this:

  1. I visited the town hall of Ashford, Connecticut to look at deeds.  The town hall also contains probate records, and more information about cemeteries than one usually sees, although I found nothing relevant in probate or cemetery records.  But I was thrilled to spot an 1838 deed where Jesse Andrews was the seller and Alden Andrews was the buyer, plus the 1832 deed for the same property where Jesse made a purchase which was mortgaged to the seller. The heavily mortgaged property was finally sold, by Alden, to neighbor Amos Weeks by 1839.  I photographed and abstracted the deeds.

    Ashford Deeds.  Jesse's transactions in green, Alden's in blue.

    Ashford Deeds. Jesse’s transactions in green, Alden’s in blue.

  2. With new assurance that Jesse had at some point lived in Ashford, I reexamined the Ashford census records, page by page.  I realized that when I concluded the Jesse in 1820 could NOT be the right one, I had also dismissed the next name in the 1830 census – next to the older Jesse and wife – Benjamin Andrews.  Now, I carefully researched Benjamin.  He was born around 1809, 10 years before Hannah and Alden.   I was surprised to find, in the 1850 census, that he was living with his widowed mother Sarah and his children.  He remarried in 1853 to Mary Ann Davis, of Norwich Town, and went to live there.  In the 1860 census, Sarah seems to be mis-recorded as “Anna” Andrews, but in the 1861 city directory she is reported as living at 22 Spring Street, which is the home of Benjamin.
  3. The most surprising part of these records?  Benjamin and his mother Sarah were born in Rhode Island. Suddenly, the Warwick, Rhode Island couple Jesse and Sarah Andrews seemed like a stronger possibility.  Could they have lived in Rhode Island for a while after their marriage, had a large family, then moved on to Ashford Connecticut (possibly living in Massachusetts briefly, in between) around 1818?  Were Alden and Hannah the last in a long string of children?
  4. I turned my attention to the record of Jesse Andrews and Sally Arnold who married in 1795 in Warwick, Rhode Island.  It was very informative, giving a name for both fathers and mentioning that one was deceased.  I needed to learn more about them, to see if it was possible they did move out of Rhode Island.

[Andrews], Jess, of Phillip, and Sally Arnold, of Joseph; m. by James Jerrauld, Justice, Feb 22, 1795.

[Andrews], Jess, of Phillip, and Sally Arnold, of Joseph; m. by James Jerrauld, Justice, Feb 22, 1795.  From Arnold’s Vital Records, bk. 1, p. 3

The usual Rhode Island sources for this period were thoroughly explored at this point:

  • Rhode Island vital records compiled by James Arnold.  Volume 1 covers both Warwick and East Greenwich.
  • Census records including 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860 plus some earlier state census records for the fathers.
  • Rhode Island Roots, the journal of the Rhode Island Genealogical Society.
  • The Narragansett Historical Register, published by James N Arnold in the late 1800’s, vol 1-9.
  • The Rhode Island Genealogical Register, 1978-1996, v. 1 – 20, particularly the Will Index, v. 16.
  • A thorough search (one major category at a time) of Ancestry.com, plus Fold3.com, FamilySearch.org, NEHGS website,  and GenealogyBank.com.
  • A visit to the Rhode Island Historical Society Library and perusal of their card catalog, manuscript collection, and various books.

    The 1810 census, in Warwick, shows Jesse with a household of 2 adults and 7 children living in Warwick, between Joseph Arnold, and Freelove Andrew, who may by his widowed sister in law.

    The 1810 census, in Warwick, shows Jesse with a household of 2 adults and 7 children living in Warwick, near Joseph Arnold, and Freelove Andrew, who may by his widowed sister in law or possibly his widowed mother.

What I found out

First of all, other than the marriage for Jesse and Sally, there are few vital records for this group.  That’s not very unusual in Rhode Island.  I am also still seeking some Connecticut death records that may turn up in Hartford when I visit later this summer.

Jesse Andrews and Sally Arnold were from old Rhode Island families.  And a search showed that Jesse Andrews no longer appeared in Rhode Island census records after 1810.

Significant clues I found were:

  • a “Register of Seamen’s Protection Certificates from the Providence, Rhode Island Customs District, 1796-1870” record for Jesse dated Dec. 4, 1798 (“age 32, light complexion, Place of birth: Warwick, R.I.”)   I found this as an Ancestry.com Military record; the source of the data was a book “Register of Seamen’s Protection Certificates from the Providence, Rhode Island Customs District, 1796-1870. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1995.”  Interesting.  Of all my Rhode Island/Massachusetts ancestors, none so far have been connected to the sea.  Only my father’s Nova Scotia side has that.  For an explanation of Seaman’s Certificates, visit this Archives.com page by noted genealogist Kathleen Brandt.  I wonder if Jesse followed that career for a while, or quickly switched to farming?
  • Jesse was born in 1766 to Phillip and (unknown) Andrews.  The Rhode Island Historical Society had a three-volume manuscript on the Rhode Island Andrews family that Jesse was from. This is a good example of a document not digitized or available elsewhere.  The first immigrant was John McAndrews (sometimes Andrews) from Scotland who first settled on Cape Cod, but was in Rhode Island by 1671 as an original participant in the “Fones Purchase” in North Kingstown, Rhode Island.  My line of his descendants settled in nearby East Greenwich, Rhode Island, and Jesse’s father, Phillip, ended up in Warwick.

    East Greenwich, view from the water.  From Wilfred Munro's Picturesque Rhode Island, 1887, p. 241.

    East Greenwich, view from the water. From Wilfred Munro’s Picturesque Rhode Island, 1887, p. 241.

  • Notably, Jesse had a grandmother named Hannah.  Hannah’s name was a little old-fashioned for 1819, so I always thought she was named for an ancestor.
  • There are two Arnold families in Rhode Island, the Thomas Arnold family of Smithfield, (from which I am also descended), and then Sally’s family, which is likely to be the William Arnold family of Providence/Pawtuxet/Warwick.  Descendants of William Arnold are related to Benedict Arnold, the first Rhode Island Governor, and his great-grandson, the Revolutionary War traitor by the same name.  I am having trouble placing Sally and her father, Joseph, in that family because there are so many Joseph Arnolds in and around Warwick in this period.  Warwick deeds may help that.
Ashford, Connecticut town hall, June, 2013

Ashford, Connecticut town hall, June, 2013

Where things stand

In 1810 Jesse was living with a family of 9 near Freelove Andrews (which was the name of his brother Christopher’s wife, but I wonder if it could possibly be his mother) and Joseph Arnold (likely his father in law).  In 1820 Jesse Andrews had a family of 11 in Ashford, CT.  My goal now is to see if I can find proof against the theory that this is the same person, or possibly some further evidence to support it.

A couple of details are troubling:

  • why were Jesse and Sarah living alone in 1830, if they still had two growing children, Alden and Hannah? Benjamin and his wife also lived alone.  The births of none of the children are recorded in Rhode Island or Connecticut, so I’m not yet sure who the siblings are – did one take Alden and Hannah over the border into Massachusetts for a while, to live?  The parents were quite old.
  • Why name a child Alden when I see no evidence of that family connection in the backgrounds of Jesse and Sarah?
  • I am only slightly troubled by Sarah (if it is her) being called Sally in the marriage record and yet was never called that in later documentation.  She was young at the time of her marriage and may have outgrown the nickname.
  • Siblings Benjamin, Alden and Hannah used the following in naming for their own children:  Griggs, Norriss, Merrill, Vernon.  So far, none appear among these Rhode Island relatives.

If the Jesse and Sally from Warwick theory proves to be a dead end, I have one more theory.  Alden Andrews moved many times, always working as a farmer until a stroke at age 56 ended his life.  He ended up living in Rhode Island just over the border from Connecticut in Summit Hill, Coventry.  There are many Andrews around there.  I am finding no evidence that his father Jesse was from there, but I will keep looking.

Next steps

  • Visit the Warwick town hall to explore deeds for Jesse and his father, Phillip, who had died before 1795.  In particular, look for evidence that Jesse was leaving town sometime in the 1810’s.
  • Also explore deeds in Warwick for Joseph Arnold,  Sally’s father.
  • Try to find a Rhode Island Andrews or Arnold connection among the neighbors in Ashford, Connecticut.  If anything, there seem to be more Arnolds.
  • Try using the Massachusetts Deeds on FamilySearch.org to help me locate Jesse in a nearby Massachusetts town around 1817.

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2013/07/06/finding-hannah-andrews/

robin

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The Clue

How it started

I heard from a blog reader on Saturday concerning a post I did a few months ago about my ggg-grandmother Hannah (Andrews) Lamphere.  Because Hannah may have been born in Massachusetts and lived near Norwich, Connecticut, the commenter was giving me a heads up that a branch of the Andrews family had moved from Ipswich, Mass to Norwich (the section eventually called Preston) Connecticut just after 1700. The writer was herself an Andrews descendant who happened to move to the Norwich area and accidentally discovered that she lived on Andrews land.

Hannah was born around 1819, so this migration didn’t exactly involve her, but I was intrigued by this story of an Andrews migration to Norwich, which I hadn’t heard about before.  This is why blogging and reader comments are so wonderful.  Thank you, Susan.

The Ipswich connection quickly led me to a large book on the subject, “The Descendants of Lieut. John Andrews of Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts” by Betty Andrews Storey.  I was disappointed not to find Hannah, her brother Alden, or the parents Jesse and Sarah Andrews.  The book was almost 2,000 pages long so I had to rely on the index, checking names that came to mind, and I found nothing significant.  As I was glancing through the sections that dealt with the Norwich branch, I followed up with several sources listed in the footnotes.

That’s when I found the clue.  It was in the second New England Historic Genealogical Register article I perused, John Andrews of Ipswich, Mass. and Norwich, Conn., and Some of His Descendants (see below).   The first Andrews couple to make the move from Ipswich, Mass. to Preston, Conn., John and Sarah (Cook) Andrews,  had a daughter, Thankful, who married Joseph Read.  That made an immediate connection.  The Norwich line of Lampheres that I’ve been investigating recently as the source of my Lampheres was headed by Shadrack and Experience (Read) Lamphere.  I began to read about the details of these families’ lives.

The Long Society Meeting House

Long Society Meeting House and Cemetery

To the east of Norwich, Connecticut, a congregational church was formed in the early 1700’s called the East or “Long Society” due to the 11 or 12 mile length of the area where the church rate payers lived. The church building was constructed in 1726 and rebuilt in 1818.  This area of Norwich was eventually annexed to Preston, Connecticut.  A “Separate Church of Preston” was also established in 1747.

In the Storey book and the NEHGS article, the Andrews who settled in Preston became intertwined with numerous families.  In those families I recognized many names:  Read, Burnham, Williams, Andrews, Cook, Palmer, and Coit (other names commonly appearing that I don’t recognize include Brewster, Geer, Fitch and Tracy).  I recognize the names because of the marriages of Russell Lamphere and his siblings in the 1830’s:

  • Russell Lamphere m. Hannah Andrews
  • Lydia Lamphere m. Henry Palmer (son of Polly Williams) and had one daughter, Sarah Elizabeth Coit Palmer
  • Lucy Ann Lamphere m. Burnham Cook

I am very fortunate to have pictures of my gggg-aunt and uncle Lucy Ann (Lamphere) and Burnham Cook which are owned by a generous cousin (fourth cousin?) that I met through Ancestry.com.  She has kindly agreed to let me post them here. My family has never seen them.  These are the only pictures I have for that generation.

Lucy Ann (Lamphere) Cook, 1808-1865

Burnham Cook, 1807-1871

That cousin had been mystified about Burnham Cook’s origins, but I suspect the answers may be here, somewhere.

What Does This Prove?

Absolutely nothing.  I am still without direct evidence about Hannah Andrews’ origins; the earliest record I have is her marriage in 1838 where she is “of Ashford, Connecticut”.  Two known details do not yet fit into this idea that her Andrews line had settled in Preston by 1715:

  • She and her brother sometimes reported being born in Massachusetts in the late 1810’s
  • Her brother’s name, Alden, suggests a family connection that I do not see any evidence of in these articles.

However, I am very excited.  To find three siblings marrying into the same group, that did not live extremely close to them (our Lamphere part of Norwich was “the Falls” to the North) seems significant enough to warrant lots of further study.  Coincidentally, it provides further clues for my current theory about which Lamphere line I descend from.

Andrews is a hard name to study.  Spellings vary widely (Andrus, Andros) and the name is quite common and has numerous early immigrant families, not just one.  I suspect there is something unusual about Hannah’s family (a death, perhaps, or moving around a lot?) that has made her hard to track.  The NEHGS article claimed that many Long Society records were lost by the late 1800’s, and the Norwich town clerk was relatively far away, leaving these Andrews families poorly documented.

But for the very first time I feel like I have found a clue that links her to some Andrews in particular.

Next steps:

  • pursue all published work on the descendants of Shadrack and Experience (Read) Lamphere, as well as other local Read descendants.
  • Look at the full sets of census pages for Preston
  • Get to the Westerly Town Hall to look at land and probate records for Daniel Lamphere.
  • Keep searching NEHGS and other sources for work done on these Andrews lines.
Learning more about the Long Society Meeting House:
Sources
  • The Descendants of Lieut. John Andrews of Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts” by Betty Andrews Storey which is available as a pdf from the Allen County Public Library.
  • John Andrews of Ipswich, Mass. and Norwich, Conn., and Some of His Descendants” by Mrs. Harriett Andross Goodell, NEHGR vol 70, page 102 – 114, April, 1916.

This is part 2 of The Brick Wall Stories – Hannah Andrews.

Link to this article: http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2012/03/18/the-clue/

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