Archive for the ‘Baldwin’ Category

Thanks to Randy Seaver’s recent blog post, I learned about a new set of documents released on the FamilySearch.org website – Massachusetts Land Records 1620-1986.

I really couldn’t believe my luck.  The collection includes deeds and mortgages from all counties of Massachusetts.  Available years vary by county.  According to the website there are 5,766,135 images.  Yup, over 5 million.  And, it’s free.

However, this collection is not yet digitally indexed.  That means you must select the county you want, and select an index volume for a certain time period, look there for a name, note the book and page, and then move on to open that book (actually, it’s like opening a roll of microfilm) and find the page.  It’s just like using Family History Library microfilm, except of course that this is free, and you are using it conveniently from your own computer, where you can easily save the documents you find.

Using the Index

I decided to start with some Townsend, Massachusetts deeds to see if I could learn more about the life of my mysterious  ggg-grandfather, Eli Baldwin, who died in 1833 at the age of 29.  When his young widow made a will and died, six years later, her probate record did not mention any real estate.

I clicked “Browse the 5,700,000 records” – then selected Middlesex County:

Choosing Middlesex County

Choosing the GRANTEE Index for the years I want:

Choosing the GRANTEE Index for the years I want

I found only one entry for Eli Baldwin here in the 1800-1835 Grantee Index:

I found only one entry for Eli Baldwin here in the 1800-1835 Grantee Index.

I copied the entry with Snip-It, started a Word document, pasted it in, and typed a heading to indicate where I found the index entry.  In looked at Grantee and Grantor indices and only found two deeds for Eli.  My Word document looked like this:

word list

Looking at the Purchase Deed

Of course, I have no idea if this is my Eli Baldwin.  The index styles vary from county to county, but in Middlesex, towns are not listed in the index.  You have to go by name only, and find the town on the deed itself.

Back on the Middlesex County page, I pulled up volume 283 from the Deed books.  I found page 478 by guessing, and checking the page numbers that came up.

The first deed was for a purchase by Eli Baldwin in 1827 (recorded 1828) Book 283, p. 478-9:

Know all men by these presents that I Abigail Durant of Concord in the County of Middlesex and Commonwealth of Massachusetts widow in consideration of three hundred dollars paid me by Eli Baldwin of Townsend in said county carpenter the receipt hereof I hereby acknowledge do hereby give grant sell and convey unto the said Eli Baldwin his heirs and assigns the following parcels of real estate situated in said Townsend to wit so much of the real estate whereof Isaac Durant late of Townsend died as was assigned to me as dower in said estate the reversion therein was conveyed to me by Henry Hoar administrator to said Estate by deed dated June 11 1825 and for a particular description of said premises reference may be had to said deed and to the Report of the Commissioners who assigned said dower and to the record thereof in the Probate Office in said County and also one eighth of an acre of land be the same more or less and has thereon a barn the other half thereof was and is a part of said dower and the said eighth of an acre is bounded as follows to wit on the west or southwest by said dower on the south or southeast by the road leading from the harbor to Lunenburg and on all other points on land late of Wallis Little deceased with all the privileges and apurtanances thereto belonging …  the twentieth day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty seven … in the presence of Luther Lawrence and Henry Hoar … before me Luther Lawrence Justice of the Peace. — Middlesex Co. Oct 7, 1828.

Sure enough, the property was in Townsend.  Eli was listed as a carpenter.  Since I have a record that Eli made coffins and was paid by the town (2), this is really fitting my Eli Baldwin.  Another clue is that the land was on the road from “the harbor” (that is, near Harbor Pond) to Lunenburg, which is near the area I have identified for Eli’s in-laws, Isaac and Lucy Spaulding.

The location (map below courtesy of Google Maps) might be the road I have marked in red.  In an 1875 map, there is a “J. Durant” nearby (which could be the remaining Durant property, since the widow was only selling a portion of her dower).

townsend map

Eli married Polly Spaulding in Townsend on 28 May 1829.  Daughter Catherine was born in 1831 (birth registered in Shirley (1)) and son Edward (my gg-grandfather, birth date from 1860 census only) in 1833.  The property purchased may just be a workshop, or a workshop and home, but only a barn is specifically mentioned.

I would say at this point, the deeds are very likely to be my Eli Baldwin, but I don’t think it is proved.

Looking at the Sale Deed

In 1831 Eli and Polly sold the property.  Polly’s presence on this deed makes me now quite certain that this is my family.  It’s sad to think of them selling the property, when I have no record of a subsequent purchase, and Eli died in 1833.   Book 307, p. 531-2:


Know all men by these presents that I Eli Baldwin of Townsend in the County of Middlesex and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Carpenter, of Townsend,  in consideration of one hundred dollars paid by James L. Walton of said Townsend, Esquire, the receipt whereof I hereby acknowledge do hereby give grant sell and convey unto the said James L. Walton his Heirs and Assigns the following parcels of Real Estate situated in said Townsend Harbor, so called, and bounded as follows, to wit: The first piece containing one eighth of an acre more or less with a part of a house on the same, bounded southerly on the road, Westerly, Northerly and Easterly on land and house of James Wilson, Esquire.  The second piece contains one acre more or less, and bounded Southerly on the road Westerly on land of Joseph Stearns, Northerly on the Mill Pond, Easterly on land of James Wilson, Esquire. – The last described piece has a barn on the same, meaning by this deed to convey all the real estate conveyed to me by Abigail Durant by her deed dated the twentieth day of June A.D. 1827 and recorded in the Registry of Deeds for the County of Middlesex Book 283, Page 478 for a particular description reference may be had to said deed.  – the above Real Estate is subject to a Mortgage deed to said Abigail Durant for the sum of two hundred dollars, about the twenty eighth day of October A.D. 1827 or whenever the same may be dated.  …  In witness whereof the said Eli Baldwin and Polly wife of the said Eli in token of her full release of dower in said premises have hereunto set our seals this twenty eighth day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty one.  …  Eli Baldwin (seal)  Polly Baldwin (seal)  [Witness] Paul Gerrish, Asa W. Baldwin.  [October 29, 1831]

"The Mill Pond at Townsend  Harbor, Townsend, Massachusetts" from an old postcard

“The Mill Pond at Townsend Harbor, Townsend, Massachusetts” from an old postcard

I expect that the witnesses Paul Gerrish and Asa W. Baldwin are significant, although I don’t yet know who they are.  I am not familiar with the Durants, but I expect we have no connection to the buyer, James L. Walton.

Now I can see there was part of a house included in the property, and that there was a mortgage.  This must have been where Eli brought his bride Polly after their marriage in 1829. The property was sold in October, 1831 and their first child, Catherine, was born in late December, 1831, in Shirley(1).  Shirley is the next town, just south; I wonder if they were with family, or renting. Perhaps a child would not have fit into the living arrangement on the property described in these deeds.  These deeds have moved my understand of Eli and Polly’s brief and perhaps troubled marriage further along.

Next Steps

  • Investigate all names mentioned on the deeds and compare them to the probate records I have.  I recognize the name Paul Gerrish but I cannot find it in Edward or Polly’s probate records.
  • Compare the property boundaries further to any existing maps; look at the probate record cited for the Durants for a further description.
  • Look at the many Spaulding deeds to learn more of their exact location and story; Polly grew up nearby.
  • Investigate (Eli’s father) Abiel Baldwin’s  deeds.
  • Continue to explore Middlesex County deeds and also many deeds in Norfolk County (Wrentham) of the Aldriches and Darlings, as well as other isolated deeds that may answer other questions.  I expect I will be looking at dozens or even hundreds of deeds.
  • Save the deeds used to my own files.


(1) Vital Records of Shirley Massachusetts to the Year 1850. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1918. p. 14 “Baldwin, —-, d. Eli, Dec 29, 1831, B.R.”

(2) Hallowell, Henry C., ed.  Vital Records of Townsend, Massachusetts, Town Records to 1850 with Marriage Intentions to 1873 and Cemetery Inscriptions.  Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1992, p. 464.

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"The Falls, Harbor Pond, Townsend, Massachusetts" from an old postcard.

“The Falls, Harbor Pond, Townsend, Massachusetts” from an old postcard.

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The problem

Since my good fortune last spring in finding my Baldwin and Spaulding ancestors in Townsend, Massachusetts, I have been trying to pin down what became of my great great grandfather, Edward Baldwin.  Born around 1832 or 1833 to a father (Eli Baldwin) that died in 1833 and a mother (Polly Spaulding Baldwin) that passed away in 1839, Edward and his sister Catherine were orphans before they were 10.

The only record I have of Edward after 1840 is an 1860 census record in Amity (now Belmont), Allegany County, New York and an undetailed 1867 death record in Northbridge, Massachusetts which may or may not be him.

Legal custody of the children

Polly’s 1839 probate records indicated that her brother John Spaulding would be the guardian of the two orphans, Edward and Catherine Baldwin.

John Spaulding appointed guardian

The Memorial of John Spaulding 2d of Townsend, pump maker

Respectfully represents

That Edward & Catherine Baldwin are minors under the age of 14 years & children of Eli Baldwin, late of said Townsend, dced, that they have no mother; that there is [  ] for a guardian, that the petitioner is the Uncle of said minors (–Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Probate Court, Polly Baldwin Probate file, file 857, Middlesex Probate Court, East Cambridge, Massachusetts).

One thing that jumps out at me (there are several mentions of the guardianship in the Probate pages) is the way Polly is not really a factor in the custody of the children. Clearly, she may have chosen her brother (I suspect she knew she was dying, from the wording of the will, 2 months before her death) but the official documents always list them as Eli’s children (Eli had died in 1833) and any preference expressed by her is never mentioned.

I am hoping to find Edward Baldwin during the period 1850-1860, or to find any relative who moved out to western New York, where Edward was by 1860.  I am not able to definitively place the children with any family member in 1840 just using the census record, not even with John, although it is possible.  So I set my sights on the more complete census data of 1850. When possible, I also looked at the Massachusetts census of 1855.

The 1850 census

Due to several circumstances:

  • the custody being initially assigned to John Spaulding;
  • Edward Baldwin eventually naming his two children after Spaulding siblings Harriet and Miles; and
  • the fact that I have found sister Catherine living with Daniel Spaulding, and buried in the Spaulding plot at Hillside Cemetery in Townsend;

… I have the idea Edward is likely to be with the Spauldings.  So I started with the siblings of Polly; the children of Isaac and Lucy (Emery) Spaulding of Townsend, Massachusetts (note, Isaac Emery had passed away in the 1830’s):

  •  [Polly Spaulding 1806 – 1839]
  • Isaac Spaulding Jr 1807 – 1888:  was married in 1839 to his second wife, Cynthia Ann Matthews, and had been in Harman, Ohio for at least 10 years in 1850.
  • John Spaulding 1809 – 1882:  a pump maker, later “merchant”, married for the second time in 1832 and by 1850 was living with his wife and four children in Townsend, where he died in 1882.
  • Lucy Spaulding 1812 – 1903:   married Flint Ball in 1833, and became a widow in 1847, and remained a widow in Townsend until her death in 1903.  Edward’s sister Catherine Baldwin, age 18, is living with her and her two young sons in 1850 (page 2 of the Townsend federal census record).  Polly lost one of those two sons during the Civil War.  
  • Daniel Spaulding 1814 – 1901:  was a farmer, and I speculate, but don’t know yet, that he may have taken over the family farm after the death of his father.  In 1850, he has his wife, two children (including Hannah Clement Spaulding), his mother Lucy, and two unmarried sisters, Ruth and Harriet, in the household.  But not Edward.
  • Ruth Spaulding 1816 – 1888:  never married; living with brother Daniel in 1850, above.  From some family letters found in an archive, I know that she was in Lexington in 1835. I assume she was at some sort of school since her mother wrote of her coming home for the summer.  There may have been a school called “Lexington Academy” from 1822-1838.  It’s also possible Ruth had some sort of job, or was visiting. She spent the rest of her life in Townsend with family.
  • Miles Spaulding 1819 – 1896:  A young physician, Miles was living with his first wife and his mother-in-law in Dunstable, Mass. in 1850. A year later, Miles would move to Groton, Mass. and practice there for the rest of his life.  Knowing Edward later named a child after Miles, I looked around the Dunstable census record for him, but noticed nothing.  Miles married second wife Mary Mehitable Stickney in 1863. The house they later lived in (which I believe had belonged to her father, Stephen Stickney) is now known as Prescott House, on the campus of Lawrence Academy.
  • Harriet Newell Spaulding 1822 – 1907:  Never married; living with brother Daniel in 1850, above. Harriet graduated from the Lawrence Academy, Groton, Massachusetts, in 1841.  Several of her nieces and nephews also graduated, later, but not Edward.
Lawrence Academy, Groton, Massachusetts, from A General Catalogue of the Trustees, Teachers and Students of Lawrence Academy, 1793-1893, Groton, 1893.

Lawrence Academy, Groton, Massachusetts, from A General Catalogue of the Trustees, Teachers and Students of Lawrence Academy, 1793-1893, Groton, 1893.

  • Nancy Cushing Spaulding 1826 – 1917: was just married to James Gilson; in 1850 they were enumerated next to Nancy’s brother John, and James Gilson was working as a pump maker.

I looked for several pages back, and ahead, on these census records for any sign of Edward.  Not finding him with the Spauldings, I know he could possibly have been in with the other side of his family, the Baldwins.  One clue about this is contained in a letter Polly wrote in 1835 in which she mentioned that Edward was currently visiting “his GrandFather” who must have been his grandfather Baldwin.

These are the siblings of Eli Baldwin, children of Abiel and Lucy (Gassett) Baldwin of Pepperell, Mass.  Abiel and Lucy died during the 1840’s.

  • Minot Baldwin 1803 – 1878:  married Sophronia Hall in 1824, by 1850 only two of their children were still at home in Townsend. Minot is listed as a carpenter in several records.
  • [Eli Baldwin 1804 – 1833]
  • Royal Baldwin 1806 – 1848:   married Mary Frank in Boston in 1843 (Records of the Hollis Street Church in Boston, p. 109, AmericanAncestors.org); the Baldwin Genealogy reported that he died in 1848; there is a cemetery record for the Central (Common) cemetery in Boston (Boston, MA: Old Cemeteries of Boston. (Online database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2007) however the birth date seems off, so I will research this further.
Hollis Street Church, 1810-1885, p. 116, Bowen, A. (1838). Bowen's picture of Boston: or the citizens and stranger's guide ... 3d ed. Boston: Otis, Broaders and company.

Hollis Street Church, 1810-1885, p. 116, Bowen, A. (1838). Bowen’s picture of Boston: or the citizens and stranger’s guide … 3d ed. Boston: Otis, Broaders and company.

  • Mary Baldwin 1807 – 1873:  married William Wright, a farmer/blacksmith, in 1833; this was recorded in Boston.  I noticed that the marriage date was exactly two months after the death (in Boston) of Eli Baldwin and I managed to scroll easily through the 60,000 pages of handwritten records in that set (on Ancestry.com) and find a record of Eli’s death I hadn’t seen before (I have no idea why that was so easy- I guessed a page number and I was only 100 pages off). Anyway, by 1850 the couple had 11 children and were living in Townsend (U.S. 1850 census for Townsend, family#81; pages are incorrectly ordered on Ancestry.com).
  • Levi Baldwin 1809 – 1862:  a peddler, he died of consumption in 1862 in Sandwich, Massachusetts.  He had a wife Elizabeth and possibly two children; the Baldwin Genealogy says his wife was Mary Hinds.  I cannot locate him in the 1850 census although in 1855 he is with Elizabeth in Sandwich.  
  • James Adams Baldwin 1811 – 1884:  a farmer (later laborer), James married Catherine Mead in 1837.  In 1850 they were living in Dublin, New Hampshire with several children. 
  • Elbridge Gerry Baldwin 1812 – 1886:  was a cooper, later, farmer.  Elbridge married Mary Fisk in 1838 and they had one son, John Elbridge, born 1842.  In 1850 they were living in Claremont, New Hampshire; later they would live in Jaffrey. 
  • Albert Baldwin 1814 – 1887 : a farmer, Albert married twice.  In 1850 he was living close to Finis in Pepperell with his first wife, Olive Bailey, and their children. 
  • Lydia Baldwin 1816 – 1886:   married an older man as his second wife, Abel Babcock, and lived in New Jersey where they raised 6 or 7 children. They were married in 1838 in Boston at the First Universalist Church, Hanover Street, Boston (a few blocks away from the Old North Church).   Abel was a War of 1812 veteran, and earned a pension.
First Universalist Church, Hanover Street, Boston, from Gleason's Pictorial Drawing Room Companion, Oct. 15, 1853, volume V, no. 16, p. 252

First Universalist Church, Hanover Street (at the corner of North Bennett), Boston, from Gleason’s Pictorial Drawing Room Companion, Oct. 15, 1853, volume V, no. 16, p. 252

  • Finis Baldwin 1818 – 1891:  she married farmer Leonard Blood in 1840.  In 1850 they lived in Pepperell with their newborn son and “Lucy Wright”, age 11 – perhaps Mary’s daughter (also enumerated in Mary’s household).  Lucy would have had plenty of experience with babies in her parent’s household.
  • Alpha Baldwin 1820 – 1891:  a carpenter, Alpha married Elizabeth Jones in 1850 and they appear in the 1850 census apparently living near her family in Hillsborough, New Hampshire.  New Hampshire is very close by, and might have been overlooked by me when searching for Edward Baldwin, so I launched another search, but nothing.  
  • Henry Baldwin 1823 – 1908:  a shoe maker, never married, listed as deaf in the 1860 and 1880 census. By 1850 both of his parents were dead, and he lived over the years with or near various siblings.  In 1900, age 77, he listed his occupation as “Capitalist.”  I think I like this guy.

Next Steps

Just doing this research over a period of months has pointed out to me some other ways I can seek out Edward Baldwin’s fate:

  1. Read the probate record of each grandfather (Isaac Spaulding and Abiel Baldwin)
  2. Pursue the details about Royal Baldwin and Levi Baldwin – there is a gap in both their stories. 
  3. Study the complete census record for 1850 and 1855 for Townsend and Pepperell (done)
  4. Explore the possibility that Edward lived in nearby New Hampshire for a while (done)
  5. Follow up on those Baldwins that seem more closely linked to Edward’s father Eli: those who lived in Boston, those who demonstrate woodworking skills, and those closest in age.
  6. Do some more serious research on father Eli Baldwin, if possible.
  7. Explore Pepperell area newspapers around February 1867 to see if Edward’s death was reported in his hometown (have tried one, need to try more)
  8. Find Edward’s wife and two children in the 1865 census – they are likely to be in Massachusetts, specifically  Middlesex or Worcester County
  9. Continue to search for any Civil War activity.  About all I’ve found is some indication that he could have walked away from his unit during a march in western New York early in the war – no idea if that is him.
  10. Find new ways to look for him in New York State, since he was in Allegany County by 1860.
  11. Consider the times – could a 17-year-old have made his way, say, to the California gold mines in 1849?  Could any “missing” relative, above, be there?  Any other possible destinations that I’m overlooking?
Mining Camp (source: Library of Congress)

Mining Camp (source: Library of Congress)

In conclusion

I started this particular project looking for solid clues, but finding none, I realize that finding gaps or inconsistencies is the next best thing.

Let me just put in a good word for knowing the whole family – it makes searching easier in ways that are hard to describe.  In this case, it hasn’t solved the problem yet, but it is probably the only path that will ever work.

Some helpful sources: 

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I visited Townsend, the home of the Baldwins, Spauldings, Emerys and Gassets for the first time last week.

Since most of my mother’s ancestors lived within about 50 miles of Rhode Island, I will have an opportunity to visit each place they lived in many times.  This visit was just to familiarize myself with the town and visit the historical society and cemeteries.

It’s a Small Town

My first stop was a roadside antiques consignment shop on the way into town.  There I met a woman who was related to Richard N. Smith (said she was his cousin, but as genealogists know, that could mean anything), the author of the 1978 history of Townsend called “Divinity and Dust – A History of Townsend, Massachusetts.”  I told her if she got a chance to let him know how much I enjoyed the book.

While driving around, I had the wonderful experience of spotting streets named for many of my ancestors:  Spaulding Street, Emery Road, Jefts Street, Blood Road.

Townsend Historical Society

Townsend Historical Society located on Main Street in the Townsend Harbor section.

I next approached the Townsend Historical Society.  I didn’t have an appointment but was greeted cheerfully and shown into an office where I discussed what I was researching.  I was able to photograph some membership roles of the Congregational Church from 1847 and 1851.  My direct ancestors were out of Townsend by that time, but some aunts, uncles and cousins remained.  I recognized many of them in the lists.  I was asked not to reproduce those photographs here.

The Historical Society had some files, ephemera and other records but nothing that seemed to fit well with the family names and times I mentioned. But I was able to inquire about old Townsend newspapers and the nearest city newspapers.  I purchased a few small items which complete my set of written works on Townsend history (see bibliography below.) I purchased a black and white reproduction of this 1856 Townsend map.  I was invited to send in any queries that I might have in the future, and perhaps I will, since I have only just started with this group.

Hillside Cemetery

Hillside Cemetery

Next I visited Hillside Cemetery.  This cemetery is very big but for some reason I drove right up to the memorial I was looking for.  It carries the names of many of the siblings of my ggg-grandmother, Polly (Spaulding) Baldwin, 1806-1839.  It is a memorial to Miles Spaulding (1819-1896), who was a physician in nearby Groton, and is buried in Groton. It was placed by his widow; they had no children.  I wonder if this turn of the century marker replaced some older ones?  The earliest death on this memorial is 1834.

Capt. Isaac Spaulding, 1779-1834, Lucy Emery His Wife, 1788-1862, Ruth Spaulding, 1816-1899, Harriet N. Spaulding, 1822-1907, MILES SPAULDING

I never found the graves of my grandfather’s great grandparents, Eli and Polly (Spaulding) Baldwin.  But I knew the cemetery was recorded, section by section, in the Vital Records of Townsend Massachusetts book which I had on order, so I knew I could return with that another time and find everything.  My grandfather’s grandfather, Edward Baldwin, and his sister Catherine were left orphans when Eli and Polly died.  Polly’s siblings, particularly those mentioned on the marker above, did a lot for Catherine and Edward.  So I was touched to see that Catherine (Baldwin) Hunt (1834-1904) was buried in the same plot.  She and her husband, William Hunt, did not have any children.  I suspect Edward Baldwin died alone, and is not buried here.  But there is a lot still to learn about him.

Old Burying Ground

Old Burying Ground, Earliest Known Burial – 1735

My last stop was the Old Burying Ground on Highland Street.  A more manageable size than Hillside, I examined every marker, and also referred to a list I had brought.  Even with that, I will need to refer to the Vital Records list and make a trip back.  Meanwhile, here is what I found.

Old Burying Ground, Townsend

My ggggg-grandfather John Emery (1754-1828):

In memory of Mr. John Emery, who died March 13, 1828 in the 75th year of his age

John’s father, my gggggg-grandfather Zachariah Emery, 1716-1804

In memory of Mr. Zachariah Emery who died 3 May 1804 aged 87 years.

My gggggg-grandfather Deacon Isaac Spaulding, 1710-1776

In memory of Dea. Isaac Spaulding who departed this life March 4, 1776 in the 66 year of his age. “Beneath this stone death’s prisoner lies, The stone shall move the prisoner rise; When Jesus with almighty word, Calls the dead saints to meet the Lord.”

My gggggg-grandmother, Sarah (Barrett) Spaulding (1714-1806), wife of Deacon Isaac:

In memory of Mrs. Sarah Spaulding widow of Dea. Isaac Spaulding who died 11 Feb 1806. In the 92 year of her age.

My ggggg-grandfather Lieut. Benjamin Spaulding, 1743-1832

In memory of Lieut. Benjamin Spaulding who died May 27, 1832. Aged 89.

My ggggg-grandfather Reuben Gassett, 1754-1822:

Erected in Memory of Reuben Gassett who died Dec. 18, 1822 AEt. 69. “Come! said Jesus’ sacred voice, Come, and make my paths your choice, I will guide you to your home, Worthy Pilgrim, heither come!”

Next Steps

  • Go through the cemeteries again with a better list in hand
  • Send some questions to the Historical Society
  • Explore newspaper resources
  • Locate several ancestral homes through the various books and maps available
  • Find military records for more of these ancestors

A Bibliography of Townsend Resources:

  • Hallowell, Henry C., (“transcribed and edited by”).  Vital Records of Townsend, Massachusetts, Town Records to 1850 with Marriage Intentions to 1873 and Cemetery Inscriptions.  Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1992.
  • The History of the Churches of Townsend, Mass.  Townsend: Townsend Historical Society, 1973. (44 pages)
  • Sawtelle, Ithamar B. History of the Town of Townsend, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, from the Grant of Hathorn’s Farm, 1676-1878.  Fitchburg, Mass.: Published by the Author, Press of Blanchard & Brown, 1878.
  • Smith, Richard N. Divinity and Dust, A History of Townsend, Massachusetts.  Lancaster, Mass: Richard N. Smith and the Townsend Historical Society, Printed at the College Press, 1978.
  • Town of Townsend, Incorporated June 29, 1732, 250th Anniversary.  Townsend Historical Society, 1982. (88 pages, mostly pictures)
  • Wornham, William.  The Last Muster: A Survey of the Civil War Veterans Buried in Townsend, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.  Second Ed., 1998. (36 pages)

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While preparing for a business trip to Louisville, Kentucky, I was surprised to discover that the Sons of the American Revolution Library was just down the street from my hotel.  I have recently found some evidence that individuals in my “new” lines of my grandfather’s Baldwin and Spaulding ancestors served as Massachusetts Minutemen during the Revolutionary War, and I was eager to see if I could learn more.

Sons of the American Revolution Library, 809 W Main St, Louisville

The Library

The Library moved two years ago to a location on West Main Street’s “Museum Row” – a neighborhood filled with museums, school buses, families, and a surprising amount of statuary.   If you are ever looking for the library, it’s impossible to miss because it’s right across the street from the Louisville Slugger factory and museum and there is a giant, and I mean giant, baseball bat in front of that building.  So, look for the giant bat.  Eventually, the SAR hopes to fill the rest of the building they’re in with a museum of their own.  I think that’s a wonderful idea.

As I said, you can’t miss it

I emailed the head of the library, Michael Christian, in advance to make sure the library would be open during normal hours that week and to ask him if he would mind if I took some pictures.  He said it was fine.

I managed to visit the library on Tuesday afternoon and Friday morning.  Admission is $5 for non-members.  The receptionist was very nice and showed me a locker for my belongings.  I brought in only a notebook and my camera.  Inside, I met Mr. Christian and he gave me a tour and we talked about the research I was doing.

The books are neatly arranged on two floors

The library did not disappoint.  It’s quite new, of course, but above and beyond that it has a clean, orderly, uncluttered atmosphere unusual in a genealogy library.  The collection of books is focused on American history, genealogy, and local history. Many sets of books that I had seen elsewhere just looked better at the SAR Library thanks, I suspect, to a significant amount of re-binding which kept the books in excellent shape.  Pretty much all areas of the country are covered but I never ventured past the New England section.  There were compiled military indexes, such as the Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War.

The Rhode Island section of the local history books

There were far more family genealogies than I expected.  I welcomed the chance to find something privately published that I may not have seen before; there could be clues in such a book.  That didn’t really happen, except for one manuscript about the Lampheres that I had previously only seen online.

There were some resources available on the computers, and I looked up SAR applications related to people in my family.  I found four that I wanted to see, and the microfilm was brought to me.  The microfilm equipment was quite nice, by the way.  I paid for the pages I printed.

What I Found

My grandfather Miles Baldwin had a grandfather named Edward Baldwin.  The people on the list below are Edward Baldwin’s great-grandfathers from northern Middlesex County, Massachusetts.  This is what I have seen about my Massachusetts Militia ancestors:

John Emery (1753-1828) of Townsend, Mass.  From SAR application #55064:

  • Private in Captain James Hosley’s company of minute men, Col. William Prescott’s regiment, who marched to Cambridge on the alarm of April 19, 1775.  Service, 9 days. [note:  on that date, the Battles of Lexington and Concord began the Revolutionary War; called by Emerson "the shot heard round the world."]
  • Private in Captain Henry Farwell’s Company, Col. William Prescott’s regiment, enlisted April 25, 1775.  Service, 98 days.
  • Private in Capt. Zachariah Fitch’s company, Col. Samuel Brewer’s regiment, enlisted August 23, 1776, discharged September 30, 1776.  Service, one month, nine days.
  • Corporal in Capt. John Minot’s Company, Col Josiah Whitney’s regiment; arrived at Rhode Island May 10, 1777; discharged July 9, 1777, service, two months, ten days.
  • No address given, but the company was raised in Townsend and nearby towns,  Third Corporal in Capt. Aaron Jewett’s company, Col. Job Cushing’s regiment, enlisted July 27, 1777; discharged August 29, 1777.  Service, one month, 10 days.
  • Private in Capt. James Hosley’s company of volunteers, Col. Jonathan Reed’s regiment, enlisted September 26, 1777; discharged November 2, 1777.  Service, one month, 15 days.

Benjamin Spaulding (1743-1832) of Townsend, Mass.  (page 108 of  The Spalding Memorial by Samuel Spalding, the standard Spaulding/Spalding genealogy, mentions that he was a school teacher, and three of his daughters also followed that profession).  From Mass. Soldiers & Sailors of the RW, vol. 14, p. 686:

  • Sergeant, Capt James Hosley’s co of Minutemen, Colonel William Prescott’s regt., which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775, to Cambridge; discharged May 4, 1775; service, 18 days, reported returned home.

David Baldwin (1734-1824) of Billerica, Townsend and Pepperell, Mass.  Appears in SAR application #87616:

  • Private, Capt. William Greenleaf’s co., Col. Job Cushing’s Regt.; enlisted Sept 3, 1777, discharged Nov 22, 1777, service, 3 mos. 7 days.  Roll dated Lancaster.  Private, Mass. Militia.

Reuben Gashet/Gasset/Gaschet (1754-1822) of Hopkinton, Westborough and Townsend, Mass.  From Mass. Soldiers & Sailors of the RW, vol. 6, p. 304-5:

  • Private, Capt. Seth Morse’s co., Major Genl Ward’s regt., which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; service, 5 1/2 days
  • Private, Capt Moses Wheelock’s co., Col. Jonathan Ward’s regt.; muster roll dated Aug 1, 1775; enlisted April 24, 1775; service 3 mos. 15 days, also, company return [probably Oct. 1775]
Next Steps
  • Continue to search and evaluate the Mass. Soldiers and Sailors volumes (which are available online), where most of the data used in these SAR applications is from.  Chart the regiments and units mentioned.
  • Follow up on another source mentioned in a SAR #15669 concerning John Emery:  “Rev. Rolls, Mass. Archives, vol. 12, p. 115, vol. 19, p. 177.”  The Massachusetts State Archives is located in Dorchester.
  • Many pre-1970 SAR applications are now found on Ancestry.com so I can continue to access them.
  • Likewise Ancestry.com also houses some Revolutionary War rolls and I will continue to explore them.
  • Mr. Christian made a good suggestion about exploring town histories that include military information.  One such book that I have used is Sawtelle’s History of the Town of Townsend.
  • I believe the only soldier mentioned here who got a pension (it went to his widow) was John Emery.  I will continue to investigate pension records on Fold3.com and other places.
  • Continue reading two books that are throwing a lot of light on this subject:  “1776” by David McCullough and “The Minutemen and Their World” by Robert A. Gross.

Just a little more proof and this guy will be my ancestor!

The post you are reading is located at: http://wp.me/p1JmJS-FU

drawing from Edward Eggleston A First Book in American History (New York: American Book Company, 1889) 117

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I have recently visited Newton, Massachusetts to learn more about my great-grandmother Bessie Blanche (Martin) Baldwin.  Bessie was born about 1870 in Wolfville, Nova Scotia.  Her family appears in the Canadian 1871 and 1881 census.  I knew that in 1892 she married my great grandfather Miles Baldwin and they had two children in Newton (my grandfather Miles Jr in 1893 and his younger brother Blanchard in 1897).  Two days after Blanchard’s birth, she passed away.  The cause of death was cancer of the stomach.  As you might expect, we knew little or nothing of Bessie and her life when I started genealogy.

Today, I wanted to follow up on something very intriguing I found when the Massachusetts Town Records first appeared on Ancestry.com a few months ago:

Bessie’s application for a marriage license in 1887, covered over by a parental permission slip

I found this marriage license application while searching under her father’s name, Marsden Martin.  A slip of paper with Marsden Martin’s signature was covering a marriage license application.

The slip read:

Newton, Aug. 8th 1887     I Marsden Martin parent of Bessie Martin hereby give my consent for her marriage to Aubry James Lyman.    In presence of   May Martin                —  Marsden Martin

I had looked around online for details of Aubry James Lyman — he appeared to marry again around 1892, the same as Bessie, and never had any children.  He died fairly young.  If they had married, they must have divorced.  I was intrigued with what a divorce record might tell me.

I was able to get to the Newton city hall today.

Newton City Hall

Inside the City Hall

The clerk’s office was on the first floor.

The Clerk’s office and Archives

I asked the clerk for the original of the page I showed above, so I could look underneath the permission slip.  She looked Bessie up in the index book and card file, and was mystified about why she didn’t find the record.  The absence of those things implies there was no marriage.  When she realized she was looking at an “Intentions” page, she said she would try to find that book, but it might be in storage since there was very little call for Intentions records (just marriages).  Fortunately, she was able to find the Intentions book and I turned to page 338.

page 338 of the 1887 Intentions book

I was able to see what was underneath:

Marriage Intentions record

City Clerk’s office, Tuesday the 9th day of Aug. 1887.  Between Aubry James Lyman of Newton aged 21 years, by occupation a Carpenter.  He was born in Grand Pre, N.S. and was the son of Abraham D and Jane (Frazer).  This will be his first marriage.  And Bessie Martin (crossed out; Wolfville N.S.) of Newton aged 17 years.  She was born in Wolfville N.S. and was the daughter of Marsden and Marian (Chipley).  This will be her first marriage. 

[the mother's name is incorrect here, it was Maria (Shipley).]

I still might have been mystified about this story if it were not for a penciled note on the bottom of the permission slip, which was visible in person, although not on the online copy:

Bessie left for British Provinces Aug 15 before ceremony could be performed.

She left for the British Provinces before the ceremony could be performed.  Really?  Whatever happened to “I’m so sorry, I’ve changed my mind”?  Leaving the country?  I suspect Bessie may have read too many dime novels or seen too many Julia Roberts movies.  So off she went.

I can’t find evidence of her journey so far, but perhaps I will someday.

The City of Newton has done a wonderful job of making original vital records and city directories available online.  But those things aren’t helping me at this point.

Some remaining questions

  • How did a 17-year old leave the country (and eventually return)?  was an adult with her?
  • Why was “May” the witness to the permission slip?  Sister May was 14 at the time.  Could the mother, Maria, possibly have been called May?
  • Is this really what it seems to be?  Or is there something here that I’m not aware of?
  • Grand Pre and Wolfville are adjacent towns in Kings County, Nova Scotia.  Did the young couple know each other there?
  • Where exactly in Newton were Bessie and her family residing at this time?
  • When exactly did the family come to Massachusetts?

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Bessie Martin Baldwin, 1870-1897

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Thanks to a lead about the birthplace of my great great grandfather Edward Baldwin, I have managed to discover a great deal of the Baldwin genealogy.  But I wanted to be sure that the link between the people I knew and the rather well-documented family I found was real.   Since my last post on finding the Baldwin line, I have managed to prove that this is the correct line.

Miles Edward Baldwin Sr, 1863-1926

Following up on a Lead

Miles Edward Baldwin, Sr was born in Belmont, New York around 1863.  His father was named Edward Baldwin, from Massachusetts.

When I discovered that Edward was from Townsend, Massachusetts, I used the standard Baldwin genealogy and other methods to narrow down Edward’s origin to one family.

The family I found was Eli and Polly (Spaulding) Baldwin.  Eli died at age 29 in 1833.  Polly passed away at age 33, in 1839.  This resulted in guardianship records, which showed that custody of Polly’s two children, Edward and Catherine, went to her brother, John Spaulding.  This obituary is from the (Amherst, New Hampshire) Farmer’s Cabinet, 20 September 1833.

Polly (Spaulding) Baldwin, 1806-1833

Since the guardianship records showed that John Spaulding had already been housing the family for five weeks at the time of death, and since 33 year old Polly had made a will, I suspect Polly had a serious illness that led to her death.

John Spaulding did not seem to have custody all the way to adulthood.  By 1850, 17-year-old Catherine was living with her aunt, Harriet Spaulding.  I cannot find Edward Baldwin in the 1850 census at all. I pick up with Edward’s life in 1860 in Belmont, New York, and 1863 or so when he became the father of my great grandfather, Mile Edward Baldwin.

How to be sure these two stories are connected with the same Edward Baldwin?

Looking at the Aunts and Uncles of Edward Baldwin

I turned to all the aunts and uncles of young Edward and Catherine, of which there are a total of 19 (children of Abiel and Lucy (Gassett) Baldwin, and Isaac and Lucy (Emery) Spaulding – one side note: of the 11 Baldwin siblings, the 8th was optimistically named “Finis” Baldwin; Finis ended up with 2 younger siblings, “Alpha” and “Henry”).   The Spauldings figured more prominently in the documents I found than the Baldwins.  Another connection that was hard to ignore is that Edward had 2 children and named them “Miles” and “Harriet”, the names of two of the Spaulding siblings.

An initial examination of all 19 siblings did not provide any actual proof of Edward’s relationship to them.  But two of the Spauldings, Miles and Harriet, died childless, and Miles was in fact a wealthy physician in nearby Groton.  It occurred to me that Miles or Harriet may have mentioned Edward in their wills; this possibility was made more interesting by the chance that Edward had already passed away before 1896 and 1907, when they died.  The standard Baldwin genealogy, from 1881, lists Edward as deceased (The Baldwin Genealogy, from 1500-1881 by Charles Candee Baldwin, p. 717).  So could Miles or Harriet have mentioned my great grandfather, Miles Edward, or his sister, Harriet?  That would be even better for my purposes.

There was an initial trip to the Middlesex Probate Court in Cambridge, Massachusetts to order the probate records of Miles, Harriet, John, and Daniel Spaulding.  Then came the day, last week, when the records were in and I was able to see them.

And Then I Found It

The intestate records of John and Daniel were not helpful. But Harriet and Miles’ probate records provided me with the evidence I needed.

  • Harriet Spaulding included Miles Edward and young Harriet in her will (probate record from 1907) – note, Miles Edward is referred to as Edward here, I believe he was usually called “Eddie” –  and note, young Hattie was married to Eugene Clapp:

Harriet’s will mentions Miles Edward and young Hattie

  • Miles Spaulding’s probate records include in his list of heirs-at-law from 1896:
    • Edward M. Baldwin, Newton, Mass., grandnephew
    • Harriet Clapp, Readville, Mass., grandniece

These match the locations of my great grandfather and his sister.  Now I can continue to learn about the Baldwin and Spaulding ancestors from Townsend, Mass.  So far, Edward Baldwin seems to be the great-grandson of four Revolutionary War soldiers.  I’m sure my grandfather didn’t know this; several generations of early deaths and moving around had closed the door on the Baldwin history for us.

What Else Was in the Wills?

The probate records held a few surprises for me.

Miles Spaulding provided for his widow and several relatives and made many gifts, for distribution after the widow’s death:

  • Lawrence Academy, Groton, Mass., $500
  • Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, Tuskegee, Alabama, $1000
  • French-American College of Springfield, Mass., $5000 (I believe today this is American International College)
  • American Seaman’s Friend Society, New York, $1000
  • Congregational Sabbath-School and Publishing Society of Boston, $4000
  • American Missionary Association of New York, residuary legatee
  • Congregational Home Missionary Society of New York for “mountain work among the white people”, residuary legatee
  • American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions of Boston, residuary legatee

Tuskegee Faculty, 1897

Harriet Newell Spaulding, a single woman, left a legacy to her church (the Orthodox Congregational Church of Townsend) and a few other religious causes.  She mentioned Miles Edward and young Hattie and one or two other relatives. The remainder of her estate was set aside for use by her nephew, Wayland Spaulding, a minister living in New York City who apparently dedicated his life to serving the needy.   By 1910, there was a desire to sell her real estate in Townsend and use the proceeds for this charitable work.  A list of the names and locations of her possible heirs was included in that petition, and since they failed to object, the property was sold. They are:

  • Nancy S. Gilson, 164 Melvin Street, Cleveland, Ohio, sister
  • Randall Spaulding, MontClair, N.J., nephew
  • Wayland Spaulding, 411 W 115th Street, New York City, nephew
  • Hannah C. Guise, Gold Hill, Colo., niece
  • Doliver S. Spaulding, Mansfield, Mass., nephew
  • Francis W. Spaulding, ” , nephew
  • Martha A. Bartlett, ” , niece
  • Marshall D. Spaulding, San Diego, Cal, nephew
  • Mary S. Duff, Newcomerstown, Ohio, niece
  • Ella Jenvey, 601 Ann St., Parkersburg, W. Virg., niece
  • Sarah Fuller, Albia, Iowa, niece
  • Isaac Spaulding, Virginia Street, Marietta, Ohio, nephew
  • Harriet N. Congrove, ” , grand-niece
  • Elsie Hale, ” , grand-niece
  • Pearl Brabham, Fort Street, Marietta, Ohio, grand-niece
  • Florence Hale, unknown, grand-niece
  • John Ebert Hale, Crooksville, Ohio, grand-nephew
  • George P. Parker, East Pepperell, Mass., grand-nephew

But Wait, There’s a Picture!

Amazingly the American Antiquarian Society in Worcester, Mass. owns an ambrotype of Harriet Newell Spaulding.

To see the ambrotype on the AAS website (I don’t have the rights to reproduce it here), follow this link AND SCROLL DOWN TO SPAULDING:


I feel fairly certain we are looking at my ggg-Aunt Harriet for the following reasons:

  • the picture is from Townsend, Mass
  • the person who gave it to the AAS is named Bartlett (Harriet had a married niece named Martha A. Bartlett; John’s daughter)
  • Harriet had no direct descendants to treasure the photo
  • the picture looks right for a woman who would have been 38 in 1860.

We don’t even have a picture of the younger Aunt Harriet, who was named for her.  This is wonderful.  If you are not entering your ancestor’s names into Google and selecting “Images” from the side menu, look at what you’re missing!

The post you are reading is located at: http://wp.me/p1JmJS-D0

Tuskegee photograph  CREDIT: “Faculty of the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, at Tuskegee, Alabama, seated and standing on steps in front of building.” March 1897. Booker T. Washington Collection, Prints and Photograph Division of the Library of Congress.

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Yes, you read that right, my family members were willing to make a little research trip recently.  They got a few instructions from me and off they went to the beautiful county seat of Belmont, New York, to look for some court records.  How did I get them to do this, you ask?  I really have no idea.  Incessantly asking, perhaps …

Dad searching in the records

Dad, Mom, my sister Bonnie and brother in law Doug spent an afternoon in Belmont looking for records of our ancestors Edward and Catherine (Youngs) Baldwin, who lived in Belmont for less than a decade around 1860. Two children were most likely born there, Harriet and my mother’s grandfather, Miles Edward Baldwin.  Catherine’s earlier marriage may have taken place in Belmont, or perhaps not.  Although my breakthrough about the origins of the Baldwins has helped us know more about Edward Baldwin, we are still mystified about many details of Catherine’s complicated life (which began, somehow, in Surrey, England).

Allegany County Courthouse

Here are the questions:

  • Are there birth records for any of the children?    NO.
  • Are there records for either of Catherine’s marriages?   NO.
  • Is there evidence of a divorce between Catherine and her first husband (who was still living in 1890) or, less likely, between Catherine and Edward?   NO.
  • Are there any records that might throw some light on Catherine’s first husband, William Bennett?   NOT REALLY.

Mom going through an index

This last question is somewhat less clear because they talked to the county historian, Craig Braack, and he told them that there was, historically, a large Bennett family in nearby Granger.  We may be able to contact them.  My relatives made notes of some Bennetts found in census volumes there.  They didn’t go into deeds, which are unlikely to be fruitful in this case.

Current location of the county historian’s office

The county historian can help genealogists hire a local researcher if they are unable to visit Belmont.  That is how email questions will be handled.  He pointed out that for the early years when no official records were recorded, local newspapers might occasionally have birth, death or marriage notices.  An overview of local newspaper holdings can be found at the New York State Library.  For those wishing to access a few volumes of Allegany County Probate records from home, FamilySearch has some Allegany County Probate Record books.

They enjoyed a nice lunch at the Fountain Bistro nearby.

Lunchtime at the Fountain Bistro

All in all, I think it was a worthwhile trip.  It was good to get confirmation that government birth, death and marriage records were not kept in Allegany County at that time.  A divorce between Catherine and husband #1 was worth searching for.   Another place where I will try to find that is Middlesex County, Massachusetts, or Worcester County, Mass.  Next on the research strategy list would probably be immigration or naturalization records for Catherine, either in Massachusetts or New York.  I’ve tried to find that, but haven’t tried hard enough.

It’s certainly good to have some support on the genealogy front.  Whether the relatives hunt for old pictures, consult other relatives, accompany you to the cemeteries, or actually go looking for records, it really helps.

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