Archive for the ‘Books and bookmaking’ Category

I sometimes like to scan old photos, scrapbooks and out-of-copyright books at home.  My husband, a woodworker, recently made me a photography stand to help me take the pictures.  This is for when a flatbed scanner would be too slow.

We researched the photography stands available (mostly made of metal), and I showed him photographs of a few I’ve seen here and there at libraries.  None of that helped much, and a lot of the advice was conflicting, so we pretty much made up our own design.

My phone is a Samsung Galaxy Note II.  Its freakishly big screen comes in handy in many ways.

My phone is a Samsung Galaxy Note II. Its freakishly big screen comes in handy in many ways.

I knew I wanted to use my smart phone, rather than my camera, mostly because I can command the smart phone by voice to take the picture, and don’t have to touch or move it.  I give 100% credit for this idea to Jenny Lanctot, whose post on Are My Roots Showing? about using a locker shelf to make a photography stand clued me in to the fact that saying “shoot” would snap the picture on my Android smart phone.  Yes, I needed that help despite the fact that my phone camera, when in operation, has the words “You can take pictures with voice commands like Smile, Cheese, Capture, and Shoot” displayed across the bottom at all times.  I tried Jenny’s system, and realized the power of that simple voice command to speed up photographing a large number pages – you can go as fast as you can turn the pages.

The camera screen on my phone

The camera screen on my Android phone

However, I wanted a system that would accommodate wider books, and take two pages at a time, if desired.  There were several problems my husband and I puzzled over along the way.  This is how we resolved them.

The photography stand

The photography stand


Although I don’t plan to take this anywhere, I do plan to move it from room to room, and there will be long periods where I don’t use it at all, so I want to store it compactly.  For that reason, he made it in pieces that simply fit together when assembled.

One or two pages at a time?

Most professional set-ups for book scanning (for instance, this example) put the book in a cradle with about a 90 degree angle that the book rests in.  Cameras are above on each side, shooting one page, then the other, then the page is turned. The pictures are integrated into one pdf.  Since I wasn’t very interested in setting up two cameras, that wouldn’t work for me.  I thought, in general, I would be happy shooting two pages at once.

Size of the book

Of course, shooting two pages at once could require a fairly big surface, so hubby worked with the measurements of the biggest book I might want, say, a page measurement of 9″ by 12″.  This required significant flexibility for the height of the camera, since I might want it farther up for a large book, but be able to lower it to get close to a smaller book.  He put the camera holder on a slider with a knob closure.

A better view of the knob to raise and lower the camera

A better view of the knob to raise and lower the camera

Taking the pictures

If you scan a book lying open on a flat surface you get this:

A book photographed lying flat

A book photographed lying flat; it curves

The curve in the page would get annoying.  To flatten it, glass is a good choice.  I purchased a large piece of quarter inch glass, with a finished edge for safety.  Hubby framed it and added sturdy handles for lifting.  If I had it to do over, I would have put one of the handles on the long edge, to give another option for lifting it.  With the glass, pages look like this:

The pages flattened by glass

The pages flattened by glass

If I use the glass, I am lifting it each time to turn the page.  It’s not that bad, but not ideal.  With the camera relatively close, we didn’t think there was enough room to hinge it, and, that would have made the glass a permanent fixture in this process.

I was concerned about the tone of the pages – old books can easily appear yellowed and even sepia.  I examined the options on the phone’s camera, especially the AWB – adjust white balance – settings.  In the end “auto” AWB worked best.

The only option I saw for the pictures in my camera was jpeg, although perhaps there are others.  I used a fairly large size (2048 x 1536), which seemed to work well.

Lighting.  Ah, lighting

When I first started trying this out I quickly realized that lighting would be the big problem.  There were shadows everywhere, and I had two clip-on lamps that I thought I would use, but they could not get high enough above the surface to stay out of the reflecting glass.  I read up on lighting and there is a reason photographers use those giant white umbrellas and enclosed boxes – they want to diffuse the light source.  Light, apparently, should come from a wide source, not a narrow opening.  I chose to deal with this by buying two flexible table lamps that had wide light openings – “Sunlight Desk Lamps.”  They work quite well, but on the other hand, if you look around on the web there are many homemade ways of widening a light source.  I think these lamps will stay on my desk when not in use.

Turning the page under the glass

Turning the page under the glass

Uploading automatically

One of the things I required in this system is an auto-upload of each picture so I don’t have to bother with that.  My phone’s camera was already set to upload to my DropBox account.  So after taking the pictures I could see them right away on my computer.  I noticed the camera stopped uploading when power got to only 25% in the phone, but as soon as it was plugged in, the rest of the pictures appeared in Dropbox.

Bulk editing

At this point, some edits were in order, and unless they could be done in bulk, that could be difficult.  The first thing I did with sets of page pictures was to rename them in bulk.

The Rename function under File in a Windows document folder will rename all selected documents

The Rename function under File in a Windows document folder will rename all selected documents

Using “Rename” under “File” will allow you to give a name (such as a shortened title of the book), which is then assigned to each document you have selected in the folder, with (2), (3), (4) after each one, in order. That would help for keeping them in order.   To batch crop the pictures and eliminate the unneeded edges, I think you would need to download some software.


At this point, there is a folder full of jpeg images, in order.  I have Adobe Acrobat and that would make compiling the pdf book from the jpegs fairly simple.  I think it would be good to photograph the covers and add those.  To assemble the book I could either select ALL my pages and right-click to “Combine supported files in Acrobat” or open Acrobat and under “File” – “Combine” – “Merge files into a single pdf” open a box where I could drag all the pages in.

A picture of my Aunt Ann and a friend from 1945, pasted into my great grandmother's scrapbook, soon to be digitized.

A picture of my Aunt Ann and a friend from 1945, pasted into my great grandmother’s scrapbook, soon to be digitized.

I like the stand, lighting, and optional glass plate.  For other glimpses at hubby’s woodworking, see the bookcase he made me last year.


For woodworkers only

What follows are some details my husband provided me about the construction of the stand, and a few more pictures.  There are no detailed plans; I’m afraid this is all we have.  The stand was made from scrap wood, but my husband says strong wood like oak is important for something like this.

All the pieces at parade rest (as my husband would say).

All the pieces at parade rest (as my husband would say).

The platform is white oak plywood trimmed with (I think) poplar.  Its outer dimensions are 13 x 21.  When assembled the surface of the platform is 2-1/2 inches off the table.

The underside of the platform.

The underside of the platform.

The stand is made out of cherry on the bottom and the rising part is red oak; the top of the riser is 18 inches off the table.

The arm of the stand shown from the back

The arm of the stand shown from the back

There is a slit in the riser, it measures 12-1/4 inches.

To attach the box to the riser, he used a fender washer, and there is a T-bolt assembled into the box.  When assembled, the knob (purchased at Lowes) will allow me to adjust the height of the box, and therefore the height of the camera.

back of the sliding box

back of the sliding box

He carefully fit my phone to the inner edges of the box – he tested this several times. I believe it is red oak with poplar edges. I like the fact that there’s only about an extra half inch in there – I can line the phone up against the edge and be sure it is straight.  The box arms extend out about 12 inches over the platform.

The stand is not actually attached to the platform.  They just slide together.

The stand is not actually attached to the platform. They just slide together.

The base of the stand extends from back to front about 13-1/2 inches.  The platform fits over it.

The glass tray cover has handles purchased at Lowes

The glass tray cover has handles purchased at Lowes

The glass in the tray is 1/4 inch think, with finished edges for safety.  The outside measurements of the tray are 14 x 20.

The RJB insignia and date

The RJB insignia and date

For further information, consult my husband’s blog at AccidentalWoodworker.blogspot.com and search for “camera stand”.  It’s best to leave questions about the construction there.

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2014/03/16/a-book-photography-stand/

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A Genealogy Bookcase

What do you get when an avid woodworker marries a genealogy fanatic?  You tend to NOT get a clean house, carefully planned meals, and long afternoons by the fire (well, we don’t even have a fireplace).

But what you DO get is furniture built specifically for genealogy.  When Hubby started talking about this bookcase, I told him my needs:

  • Genealogy books come in every size so the bookcase must accommodate small, medium and large heights
  • We needed to fit the printer into the bottom shelf
  • I needed storage for maps and rolled charts

The new bookcase matches the filing cabinet that was made for me last year.

The new bookcase matches the filing cabinet, and makes my old “unpainted” bookcase look pretty pathetic.  To accommodate large and small books, Hubby stepped each shelf , with the largest being at the bottom.  That shelf matched the measurement of the printer we needed to put there.

The shelves vary in size

The bookcase was so heavy that we had to wait til my future son-in-law was around in order to move it upstairs.  Then future son-in-law helped me get the books set up and move the pictures.  Yup, he’s a keeper!

The top has two drawers to hold microfilm and rolled-up things

We thought of slots or vertical holders, but in the end Hubby went for drawers for the charts.

map and chart drawer

Hubby works almost entirely by hand these days; that is, he usually manages to avoid power tools.

hand made dovetail

His work always includes surprising and lovely details.

amazing details

All in all I am appreciating how this bookcase makes my tiny space work better.  And I was able to store my scanner in the old bookcase, line up my journals in holders, stow my box of files in the old bookcase, and get my books at eye level.

details at the top

It is a very unique experience in life to have a piece of furniture built especially for you.  Hubby designed this himself, and spent every evening and weekend for five or six weeks crafting this by hand.   It was so popular on his blog that he had to mail a “story board” to a reader.

It’s pretty popular at home, too!

The post you are reading is located at http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2012/11/18/a-genealogy-bookcase/

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My family history book is now being printed at lulu.com.  Here’s how I got there.

1.  Decide what to sections to include I reviewed in my last post Putting Together a Book about the Darlings that I was including a chart of ancestors for my grandmother, Edna May Darling, a separate Ahnentafel for each of her parents, a place usage report for direct ancestors only, a name index, and a 150-page section of photos, blog posts, records, and clippings.  Tip for next time?  keep thinking.  Not sure this selection couldn’t get better.

title page

2.  Make the report sections using software This is really the easy part, if you are careful about consistent details in your tree software.  I created these reports in Family Tree Maker.  I have found in the past that software-generated reports will easily print on the book publishing sites.  So I wasn’t too worried.  I made and saved each report, and if I later updated any data, it automatically updated next time I opened things.  I compiled the reports in a “book” in the Family Tree Maker software, which I then turned into a pdf and moved into a special folder.  I used standard fonts.  The page size was 8-1/2 x 11, so I just stayed with that.  Tip for next time?  Carefully save the formatting for each type of report with a name that indicates it is for a book.  Those formats can be reused.

Primitive font

3.  Make a title page and table of contents.  I spent way too much time on this.  The Family Tree maker “book” called for a title page (it was mandatory).  I quickly realized it would let me make the title page more than one page long.  That seemed good, so I added a dedication page and a little other information.  What was tough was formatting those pages in Family Tree Maker.  Things had a set place that couldn’t be adjusted.  Pictures clung to the top edge of the page.  Four pages would turn to three.  I wasted a lot of time on this.  Far better to have used that mandatory page for just a brief note or discarded it from the final version later.  I eventually realized I should make my own title pages in Word.  I did even worse with the Table of Contents, and I used separate ToC’s on the Reports section and the Pictures/Stories section.  Should have combined them myself up front in my own Word document.  Tip for next time?  Make the title page and a complete table of contents in Word.  In fact, such a document could be re-purposed from book to book.  If you are doing this, make sure page numbers don’t start in the initial section of the Family Tree Maker book.

The dedication page featuring Mom and Dad celebrating their 60th anniversary with a little genealogy

4. Compile pictures and stories.  I have many pictures which I wanted to record, with names, in the book.  I have some clippings and stories, and a small sampling of records which are of particular interest or curiosity. I also had about 20 blog posts on this branch of the family.   The question was, how to arrange them?  I really agonized about this.  My family are not genealogists.  I decided to start with the most recent folks, whom they would recognize, and move back to the earliest.  Except, I organized the material into about 10 chapters for specific family names.  Each chapter went from more recent stuff back to earlier material, and the names were in sequence from our most recent ancestors back to earlier.  Many family names were skipped, of course – it’s just a collection of what might be interesting to them.  Tip for next time?  as I’m working at genealogy day to day, make an extra copy of the interesting stuff to save in a separate folder (called, for instance, Darling Book 2014 or Baldwin Book 2013)

4, cont. –  Add the blog posts.  I found that copying and pasting from the blog onto a Word document worked pretty well.  I arranged the blog posts in amongst the other materials in the order described above.  But when I really looked at them, and did some final formatting, I realized I had lost a lot.  The blog has a style sheet that determines, for instance, what a bullet point looks like, or how a headline is formatted.  But much of that was lost or compromised by cutting and pasting.  The posts didn’t look as good.  Using lots of page breaks, I managed to move the pictures around more attractively without having them jump around.  So that helped.  Then I gradually reformatted various headings, captions, and spacing to make things appear more uniform and clear.  Tip for next time?   Either find some special product for transferring blog posts, or throw them all into one document BEFORE adding extraneous things, and revise the formatting first.

A blog post

5.  Add last minute content.  There were topics I had never blogged about, that I thought my family would care about.  I thought my mother would like to see the memorial to her ancestors Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick on Long Island so I asked blogger friend Heather Wilkinson Rojo if I could borrow three of her husband’s photos, taken on a visit this summer and used in her blog Nutfield Genealogy.  She said yes!  Tip for next time?   I really wouldn’t be that comfortable asking friends to borrow their text.  But borrowing with permission pictures from the distant cousins I’ve met online, or from other interesting blog posts about the areas where my ancestors lived might have been fun and not too intrusive to ask.

6.  Format the picture/stories section. I had already finished the Family Tree book so I used the next number to begin my picture/stories section.  Setting custom page numbers was easy in Word.  Then I divided the Word document into sections, so that I could give a chapter heading up at the top of each page.  I used odd and even page settings for this.  I also spent lots of time making sure various things started on an odd page, so the book would look better.  The trouble began when I found a cool font, Primitive, for my title page and headers.  I used it in lots of places.  I colored it a sort of sepia.  It was fun.    Tip for next time?   Never, ever use weird fonts.

pointing out something in a census record – used PAINT software to make the arrows

7.  Combine all sections into one pdf.  There were three documents – the 4-page title page ( a Word document saved as a pdf), the reports section (the pdf book I downloaded from Family Tree Maker) and the Pictures/stories section (a Word doc saved as a pdf.)  I put them into one pdf using the full version of Acrobat.   Tip for next time?  Always have at least one blank page in these documents.  That way, you can copy it to add a page here and there in the final pdf if needed.

another blog entry

8.  Find a book publishing site.  I have used lulu.com about 6 times and find it very easy to use.  But I wanted to shop around for price (since I wanted to print in color) and so I explored other sites.  I was surprised at how confusing the other sites were, and at the different business models I saw – some wanted you to sign up for a “consultation”; some wanted to sell you a “package” starting at $350; some seemed to have no pricing that I could find.  Well, lulu.com, baby, I’m back.  Tip for next time?  I had read a few negative things online about the quality of CreateSpace on Amazon, but they are cheaper, so sometime when it’s not a gift, try them.

9.  Upload.   I uploaded the complete pdf.  Things went terribly wrong.  Lulu said the fonts were not embedded.  Let me just say, based on experience, I knew it was the Word docs, not the Family Tree Maker pdf, causing the problem.  The first thing I tried was downloading a set of pdf formatting preferences from the lulu site, and using those in Acrobat.  Oddly, that helped but didn’t solve it.  I also tried saving the document as a PDF-A.  I didn’t know much about any of this but figured it out as I went along.  The problem with PDF-A turned out to be that only single documents could be saved as PDF-A; the compiled set of three docs in one could NOT become PDF-A.  But by this time I only seemed to have one conflict, which was that the Primitive font was not embedded.  Well, I thought, get rid of that font.  I went through the two Word docs and changed that font, including all chapter headers.  Combined.  Uploaded.  Nope, still showing Primitive not embedded.  Fussed some more and found a way to search in Word by format, and specified that font.  You won’t believe it, but it turned out I had blank lines which were technically in the Primitive font.  REALLY?  That’s someone’s idea of a problem?  Fixed that.  Combined.  Uploaded.  Cha-ching, all set.  Tip for next time?  Get a good night’s sleep.

trying to go to a happy place after the font problem

10.  Make a cover and print.   In the home stretch now, I made a book cover using the tool in lulu.  I went with whatever standard cover came up.  I made a pretty collage in Picassa of some folks mentioned in the book, for the front cover.  I grabbed some text about my family from a blog post and used it on the back.  I like to enlarge all the text on the cover, especially the spine. I changed the spine color to match the color of the collage background.  I kept the book in my account and ordered a few days later when lulu was offering 20% off.  It was shipped the following day, which was quick for lulu, and very commendable.  Tip for next time?    Make any collages, formatted pictures or cover text FIRST when you still have lots of enthusiasm for the book.


The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2012/10/25/producing-a-self-published-book-in-ten-steps/

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When I was new to genealogy I remember reading somewhere that a compiled book suitable for giving to the family could not be assembled in a day or two.  Good advice!  Unless your tree is tiny and in good shape, and you don’t want to add much more, you will need some time to choose wisely, clarify your stories, make it flow, and make it look good.  This book is a Christmas gift, and I’m starting it especially early so that I can have it ready in time for any good sales that come up on the printing sites.  I usually use Lulu.com.

The book is about mom’s mother’s family, the Darlings.  I have been researching mom’s family for several years (Dad’s family of Scottish Highlanders is graduate-level work that I will pursue when I’m a little more experienced).  They are divided into Darlings (her mom’s side) and Baldwins (her Dad’s side).  For the last six months I have been working almost exclusively on the Baldwins, after a major breakthrough.  So getting back to the Darlings was a bit of an adjustment.

My needs for this project are:

  • Put my most recent tree in print form for posterity (until I make the next one) for my mom and for her cousin
  • Record some of the blog posts that relate to this line
  • Create photo pages with old family photos

My wants are:

  • Make a full-color book so that the back photo/story section will be in color (can you say too expensive??)
  • Have some interesting stories appear from the “notes” field on Ancestry.  Those are not public on Ancestry but they do print in a report.
  • Compile stories, documents, vital records and items in the book which were not well suited to blog posts, but interesting to the family.  For instance, my great-great grandfather testified in a murder trial.  Well now that I think about it, maybe that is interesting enough for a blog post!

the title page of the book

The Software

I keep my tree in Family Tree Maker and Ancestry.com.  It’s all about synchronizing – those two things will synch up with each other every time I open Family Tree Maker.  I use Ancestry on my iPhone quite a bit, and I really like that I can note something there which is recorded in Ancestry, and it automatically synchs to Family Tree Maker next time I open it up.  The footnotes need some work, for sure, but that’s the biggest drawback. I like the way, if I attach a census record in Ancestry, it is automatically downloaded and saved on my hard drive by using Family Tree Maker.  I think there is better software out there, but none that presents itself live and up to date on the internet the way this pairing does.  And since I also have an auto-backup of my computer files, I feel confident that my tree is saved in numerous ways.

For the stories/photos/documents section of the book, I pondered what software would help me compile some pictures and some blog entries.  My trouble with Word, in the past, has been that I like to run the text and images close to each other, like this:

Text wrapping around the picture

But I find when I set the wrapping for a picture to “tight,” the pictures can, later, jump around the pages in unexpected ways.  This can get really frustrating.  Particularly at 11:30 p.m.  I think I found a way to alleviate this problem by setting the wrapping “through text” and then locking the picture into a certain position on the page.  This seems to work well although it’s not as elegant as all that wrapped text.

My plan was to use Adobe Acrobat to compile the pdf book from Family Tree Maker followed by a pdf version of the Word document containing stories/posts/documents/photos.  Once assembled, I’ll have to make a cover on the book printing website.

Moving the Blog Pages

I’ve noticed a lot of offers out there to “print your blog” and “produce a book from your blog entries.”  However I really had no desire to print my blog entry-for-entry.  I wanted to only use some of the posts, and parts of others.  I couldn’t find an easy way to do that in any kind of automated fashion.  So if I was on my own, I wondered how Word would work if I just copied and pasted a complete post, pictures and all, into the middle of my stories/photo section.

I was surprised to find that Word worked incredibly well.  After cutting and pasting, the posts looked very much like they did on the blog.  I left off the header and side columns, of course, off.  I found a new type style to use for the post titles, but that was about it.  Occasionally I re-centered a picture.  They look like this in the book:

sample page of transferred blog entry

Making the Reports

I decided to include 5 Family Tree Maker reports in the book:

  • A Pedigree Chart for the person whose ancestry is the subject of the book, Edna May Darling, my mother’s mother.  I feel that people may be able to follow the chart more easily than the report.

Page one of the nine page chart

  • An Ahnentafel for Edna’s father, Russell Earl Darling.  I realized, going through this, that I am way too dependent on “Residence,” “Occupation” and “Burial.”  I should be using a wider variety of fields.  I made a list of desirable fields to use and taped them to my computer.  But that will be for future use.

Ahnentafel Report for Russell Earl Darling, 161 pages.

  • An Ahnentafel for Edna’s mother, Eva Louise Murdock.  I knew my great grandmother.  She was a lovely person, and everyone who knew her could only remember her fondly.  In fact, knowing her somehow informs my understanding of my entire family tree.  So how embarrassing is it that her Ahnentafel is seven pages long?  Nice going!  Her father was adopted, but I have no idea how random that was or wasn’t.  Her mother appeared in the U.S. around 1881 as a twenty-year-old from Pictou, Nova Scotia.  Presumably, she was alone, although we all know it’s usually more complicated than that.   I have not reliably traced her parents.  I’m not sure where I even got seven pages.

Eva Louise Murdock’s Ahnentafel is seven pages long. Well, that’s embarrassing.

  • A Place Usage Report.  Family Tree Maker does not offer an index, exactly, of places, but it does have a Place Usage Report.  So I created one for the direct ancestors only, in this section of the tree.  This was only 34 pages.  When you build a Place Usage Report into your book, be sure to specify, the ancestors of a specific person, otherwise it will give you places for the entire tree.

  • The last section of the Family Tree Maker portion of the book is the Name Index.  This was 10 pages.  The only way Family Tree Maker will produce an index for your Ahnentafel is to put the Ahnentafel into a “Genealogy Book”, then  go to “Other” and you will see the option to add an index as a section of the book.  It only indexes the people in your Ahnentafel. 

The Documents Section

I wanted to add the photos/blog posts/documents/records in a section at the end.  Obviously, I had to be very selective.  I needed to group the items somehow and limit this section to ideas or family members that I thought would be somewhat recognizable, and more about the history of my family than the pangs and uncertainties of research.

I decided to group them by family name, arranging each item for that family name from latest to earliest.  This is not typical, I suppose, but I thought it might be more comprehensible to someone who is not used to all these names.  I think most people can understand “the Darlings”, “the Aldriches”, “the Murdocks” and so on.  I started the page numbers where the Family Tree maker sections left off.

Here are some sample pages:

first page of The Darlings section

another page from The Darlings

The Darling section will also contain some early census records and some stories about the earliest generations.

There are about 40 pages drafted for the last portion of the book and I expect this section to be about 150 pages.  While I have chosen and organized many of the items, it will still take a couple more weeks to finish those pages.

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2015/10/12/putting-a-book-together-about-the-darlings/

The post that follows this, about printing the book, is here, “Producing a Self-Published Book in Ten Steps”

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The Great Divorce: A Nineteenth Century Mother’s Extraordinary Fight Against Her Husband, the Shakers, and Her Times by Ilyon Woo. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2010.  Available at Amazon.com.

Imagine a world where marriage meant the end of a legal identity for a woman.  She could not own or inherit property; she did not have legal custody of her children. Whatever choices her husband made, whether they be alcoholism, relocation, desertion, lack of support, violence, crime, or insanity, she might have no right to divorce.  Subservience was legally required of her.  In the event of the death of her husband, she could not determine the future custody of her children.  She could not vote or hold office.

This was the 1814 world of Eunice Chapman of Albany, New York. In her case, her husband made a somewhat common choice for those times:  he took the three children and joined a Shaker community.  A woman of almost incomprehensible nerve and strength, Eunice set out to change her circumstances.  This well-researched and documented book chronicles the true story of her efforts to reclaim her children.

For genealogists, this is an important read for many reasons.  I think I will never again assume that I know the legal circumstances of my ancestors.  Family law differed widely from state to state, and was constantly shifting as the new republic re-shaped its ideas about freedom and virtue.  No matter what circumstances I find my ancestors facing, I’m going to wonder about the real story and emotions that don’t appear in the documents left behind.  Then, as now, people often disagreed with the public policies they were forced to live by.

My husband and I have visited many of the Shaker communities featured in the book.  Next time we make such a journey, I’m going to ask myself more questions about the idyllic life depicted in those villages.  The story is always a little more complicated than it seems.

While reading this fascinating book, I think any genealogist will identify with the qualities of stubborn determination and creative problem-solving that were the genius of Eunice Chapman.

The post you are reading is located at: http://wp.me/p1JmJS-Fu

Drawings from Connecticut Historical Collections … by John Warner Barber, Second Edition.  New Haven:  Durrie & Peck and J. W. Barber, 1836., p. 85 and p. 87.

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You know those ideas that are so obvious you can’t believe you never thought of them?  That’s how it was when I heard someone speculate (when talking about electronic vs. paper) that you could probably turn an out-of-copyright digital book back into a paper book by using a book-printing service.

So – I’m thinking – I can take an out-of-copyright PDF book that’s on my laptop, one that I use all the time, and have a brand-new, paperback book made for maybe $15?  OK, this could work.

I settled on volume one of Savage’s A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England for my test.  I logged into Lulu.com and uploaded the PDF.  Well, that didn’t work.  Lulu.com had several objections to make (by way of red error messages): the page sizes weren’t uniform, and I needed to embed the fonts.  Embed the fonts?  That’s a mind boggling thought for something that was typeset 152 years ago.  I think those fonts are gone!

I googled, and I tried a few things.  What many people do is grab the text only and reformat the whole thing into their own new document, with their own fonts.  I had no interest in introducing errors (and work) that way, and I would like to keep any pictures and formatting in place.  One other thing that I did try was to re-size all pages to a (larger) standard size – for instance, placing all pages onto an 8-1/5 x 11 size.  For some reason, lulu.com wasn’t accepting that the pages were now the same size. So I thought a bit, tried some more things, and I did, in the end, make it work.

Please keep in mind that I am printing a personal copy of an out-of-copyright work, for my own use and not for re-sale.  In general, many American works printed before 1923 fall into this category.

So here are the steps that DID work:

  • You must have the full version of Acrobat (not just the Reader).  I happen to have that on my home computer because I use it a lot.
  • You must have the PDF book on your computer.
  • I opened the PDF book in Acrobat:

    the original PDF

  • The first pages, and last pages, which depicted the brown cover, seemed to be a different size, so I deleted them.  You can see the size of each page by hovering your mouse near the bottom of the page until a box opens up showing the dimensions.  I learned that if the size of the pdf is slightly smaller that the size of the finished book that you select in Lulu.com, it may work, but to be safe, decide on a finish size acceptable to  Lulu.com FIRST, resize the pfd at this point to that exact size, and proceed with the next steps.  You re-size a pdf by choosing Document–>Crop Pages–>Change Page Size to–>Custom (be sure to choose Page Range=All).
  • Then I used “Save As” to save the book as a TIFF file.  Giving this command results in each page becoming a separate TIFF file, neatly lined up, in order, in the folder where you had the original PDF (it’s really best to put that pdf in its own folder before doing Save As).  This takes several minutes.

    page by page, the TIFF file is built automatically

  • Next, you recombine those files using File–>Combine–>Merge Files into a Single PDF.  This opens up a window that asks you to grab your pages and drop them in.  You should keep them in order (may want to sort the set of pages in its folder first, using Arrange By -> Name).

    drag and drop the pages into the Combine screen

  • In the bottom corner there is a “File Size” selector – I used the largest size.  Click “Combine Files”.  It will take a few minutes.
  • The resulting new PDF has lost some clarity, but it’s not too bad.  If you hate the level of clarity, you may need to stop at this point and just forget it.  I find some are better, some worse.

    the pdf ready for printing

  • The resulting PDF is called “Binder1″ – you should rename it.  Around this time, I worried that I still needed to have the “embed fonts” option turned on (even though there really were no fonts at this point, only pictures) but I need not have worried, that setting was already on in my Acrobat software.  I also deleted those hundreds of single-page documents from my computer.
  • Log into Lulu.com or another book-printing service, upload the new PDF, create a cover, check everything carefully, and order.  If you have not exactly matched the page size, Lulu.com will give one pink warning that the page size doesn’t exactly match the trim size of book but ignoring that should be ok – you just risk that the print will drift to one side of the paper instead of staying in the middle.  I printed in the 6 x 9″ size.  With an email discount coupon I had, and shipping, the 532 page book came to $16.10.

The book arrived today:

finished book – I chose a fanciful Rhode Island logo for the cover

This was very little work, once I figured it out.  The type is a little grainy but better than what I pictured as a PDF, above.   For a reference book that you won’t be reading cover-to-cover, it’s nice to have.  If I owned InDesign I could probably do a better job.

The link to this post is: http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2012/02/08/how-to-print-your-own-out-of-copyright-book/

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Or, how I made a book in three hours.

I like to make a printed “draft” booklet about a branch of the family once in a while, just in case something prevents me from following my plan to spend the next 40 years pursuing the COMPLETE answers to my genealogical problems. I feel like small books will be saved and available to the next generations even if my electronic trees, gedcoms, notes and files are not.


My usual style is to compile some charts, an Ahnentafel, a table of contents, some stories and an index using my Legacy software. Then I take the printouts to Staples and have them spiral bound. I like the look of the Legacy-produced documents and they have quite a few great options like place name indices and including additional spouses. However my new BFF is Family Tree Maker 2012, because it automatically synchs with the Ancestry trees, and synchs fairly well. For instance, it copies the census records into stored files on my computer. Gotta love that. And it synchs pictures as well as data. So I have decided to just get through the learning curve on FTM12 and live with the reports not being everything my heart desires.

A visit to Lulu

So the other day I wandered into Lulu.com, the self-publishing site, and saw that they were having a 25% off sale which was ending soon. I’ve never used the site before. Honestly, if I’d realized at the get-go that the book was only going to be $7.00 I’m not sure I would have moved so quickly to grab the deal, but I did. I thought, wouldn’t it be fun to print out some information about my grandfather Miles E. Baldwin‘s ancestors (research done in the past year) and just give this to mom when I see her at Christmas. Although I only have discovered a small portion of Grampa’s ancestry, he may be both a Canadian Hector descendant and a Mayflower descendant. I thought mom would like to look this over.

Making the pdf

So I turned to FTM12 to produce a pdf book. I went to the Publish screen and produced and saved several charts and an Ahnentafel. Of course, I had to fool around with the options quite a bit to get things the way I wanted them.

Chart, page one - notice how Catherine Spaulding's parents may be named Younge. It's quite a mystery, but it's all I've found so far. You can see I'm nowhere on the Baldwins.

I like to start the book with a multi-page chart to give people a map, of sorts, to the Ahnentafel. Then after the Ahnentafel I added a source section. To finish up, I wanted an index and a table of contents. Couldn’t figure out how to do that, but then I remembered Randy Seaver had the same problem in his recent series of posts on FTM12. I don’t know why FTM hides those valuable options behind a “Share” button in the corner, but they do. Thank you for the help, Randy.

Because I had fussed over my trees’ place names, stories in the “Notes” field, error correction and other consistencies last winter, my Ahnentafel came out pretty well finished. This saves time because, of course, all edits would have to be made back in the data screens. It was only 360 people; I have a long way to go on Grampa’s family. I put aside my idea of transferring my longer blog stories into an appendix. I do plan to do that in the future, but they would need to be in color. The book was 86 pages.

Creating the book

So now I was about two hours into this and ready to upload the pdf to Lulu. I started an account, uploaded, and made some choices about the format. I chose the standard paper and the black and white printing. Even with black and white printing, the covers will be in color. I decided mom would get a kick out of perfect binding instead of spiral. Designing a cover took a while; my scanned pictures didn’t cooperate very well when they were blown up to fill the whole cover, and I couldn’t seem to find a cover design that would only incorporate smaller pictures. This is where an bunch of extra time could/should/would have been spent, but I didn’t. Just chose something, added one tiny picture on the back, a title, a little text on the back, and moved on.

My book - front cover

Ordering the book

I made sure that I marked the book as “private” so that copies wouldn’t be offered for sale on Lulu (although, wow, what a great opportunity if you DID want to self-publish). I ordered one copy. After I had registered I received an email coupon for a free copy of my newly created book, but I didn’t see that until it was too late. Anyway, with the discount and shipping, the purchase came to $9.71. The whole thing took three hours, total. I didn’t pay for rush shipping, so no guarantee I’ll have it for Christmas, but if not I can always send it later.

Mom is reading this

and now knows about one of her presents. Merry Christmas, Mom.

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