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Rhode Island Historical Tracts is a series of booklets published by noted Providence bookseller and antiquarian Sidney Smith Rider from about 1875-1900. Some are print editions of manuscripts, some are compiled reports, and some are an overview of a subject (such as Rhode Island currency) of interest to historical collectors. There are even a few genealogies in there.  I have used a few volumes over the years, but recently recognized that they were published as a series, and that there is even a separately published index for the first 20 volumes. Talk about your underutilized genealogical resources; that index might top the list.  It is #20 below, in red. Don’t forget to check villages, churches, and streets in the index, as well as names.

Sidney Smith Rider

A collector and dealer in historical ephemera as well as books, Sidney S. Rider was well positioned to recognize interesting or controversial historical information and make it available to the public.  Brown University holds in its Special Collections Rider’s lifelong collection of historical tracts and ephemera, The Rider Collection, which has a particular focus on Thomas Dorr. Opinionated and prone to scathing criticism, Sidney Rider was also known for his periodical Book Notes.  A closer look at Mr. Rider’s life is available at this blog post from the Providence City Archives.

What captured my interest in Mr. Rider’s work was his introduction to Tract 10 “An Historical Inquiry Concerning and Attempt to Raise a Regiment of Slaves by Rhode Island During the War of the Revolution.” Clearly, he questioned things.

This State has been highly commended by several writers for having inaugurated and continued the policy of employing slaves and negroes to fill her quotas in the Continental Army during the War of the Revolution; and much has been written in our histories touching the services of these slave soldiers in battle highly creditable to them. How far these statements are in accordance with the facts in the case, is the purpose of this inquiry. With this end in view the writer has first given many extracts from former writers relating to the case. These are followed by the laws under which the battalion was formed, and by documentary evidence concerning its service. These in turn are followed by lists of the slaves which were purchased, and by notes concerning several of them. They seem never to have received the bounty which the law, under which they enlisted promised to them ; a pretext being set up that their liberty was given to them in lieu of bounty. Nor do they appear ever to have received the allowance given the white soldiers for the depreciation of the money in which they were paid. Finally it appears that they were deprived of large sums due them as wages by means of forged orders. In fact the frauds perpetrated upon them seem to find a parallel in the immense frauds which took place on the formation of the Fourteenth Rhode Island (colored) Regiment in the late Rebellion.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts, First Series & Second Series

All links, below, are to the corresponding Internet Archive page; from there a pdf can be viewed or downloaded.  Volume 20 is on HathiTrust.

Cover of Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 12. Courtesy of HathiTrust.

Cover of Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 12. Courtesy of HathiTrust.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 1

The Capture of General Richard Prescott by Lt-Col. William Barton: An Address Delivered at the Centennial Celebration of the Exploit at Portsmouth, R.I. July 10, 1877. By J. Lewis Diman. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1877.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 2

Visits of the Northmen to Rhode Island  By Alexander Farnum. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1877.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 3

The Wanton Family  By Sidney S. Rider. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1878.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 4

William Coddington in Rhode Island Colonial Affairs  By Dr Henry E. Turner. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1879.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 5

Memoir Concerning the French Settlements and French Settlers in the Colony of Rhode Island By Elisha R. Potter. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1879.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 6

The Centennial Celebration of the Battle of Rhode Island at Portsmouth, R.I. August 29, 1878. The Oration by Ex-United States Senator Samuel G. Arnold; A Letter of Sir Henry Pigot, the English Commander; a German Account of the Battle; The Views of General Lafayette.  By Sidney S. Rider. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1878.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 7

The Journal of a Brigade Chaplain in the Campaign of 1779 Against the Six Nations Under Command of Major-General John Sullivan by the Rev. William Rogers, D.D. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1879.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 8

Some Account of the Bills of Credit or Paper Money of Rhode Island from the First Issue in 1710, to the Final Issue, 1786. By Elisha R. Potter and Sidney S. Rider. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1880.

Early Rhode Island currency from Rhode Island Historical Tracts, vol. 8.

Early Rhode Island currency from Rhode Island Historical Tracts, vol. 8.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 9

A True Representation of A Plan Formed at Albany, in 1754, for Uniting All the British Northern Colonies, in Order to Their Common Safety and Defence by Stephen Hopkins with Introduction and Notes by Sidney S. Rider. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1880.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 10

An Historical Inquiry Concerning an Attempt to Raise a Regiment of Slaves by Rhode Island During the War of the Revolution.  By Sidney S. Rider. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1880.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 11

Bibliographical Memoirs of Three Rhode Island Authors. Joseph K. Angell; Frances H. (Whipple) McDougall; Catharine R. Williams. To which is added The Nine Lawyer’s Opinion on the Right of the People of Rhode Island to Form a Constitution.  By Sidney S. Rider. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1880.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 12

The Medical School formerly existing in Brown University, Its Professors and Graduates.   Charles W. Parsons, M.D.  Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1881.

Graduates of the early Brown Medical School, from Rhode Island Historical Tracts, vol. 12, p. 58.

Graduates of the early Brown Medical School, from Rhode Island Historical Tracts, vol. 12, p. 58.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 13

The Diary of Thomas Vernon [1715-1784] A Loyalist.  Banished from Newport by the Rhode Island General Assembly in 1776. To which is added the Vernon Family and Arms and the Genealogy of Richard Greene of Potowomut.   With notes by Sidney S. Rider. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1881.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 14

Roger Williams’s “Christenings Do Not Make Christians” 1645.  A long-lost tract recovered and exactly reprinted.   Edited by Henry Martyn Dexter. Followed by certain Letters Written by Roger Williams. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1881.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 15

The Planting and Growth of Providence illustrated in the Gradual Accumulation of the Materials for Domestic Comfort, the Means of Internal Communication and the Development of Local Industries.  By Henry C. Dorr. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1882.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 16

A Looking Glass for the Times or the Former Spirit of New England Revived in This Generation.  By Peter Folger. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1883.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 17

A Defence of Samuel Gorton and the Settlers of Shawomet by George A. Brayton.  Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1883.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 18

Gleanings from the Judicial History of Rhode Island.  By Thomas Durfee. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1883.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 19 Part One,   Rhode Island Historical Tracts No. 19 Part Two

Stephen Hopkins, a Rhode Island Statesman. A Study in the Political History of the Eighteenth Century.  By William E. Foster. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1884.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 1, No. 20

Additions and Corrections to the first series of Rhode Island Historical Tracts: With an Index to the Same.  Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1895.  Note: unless you have a Hathitrust login, you will have to use this volume on the site.  It opens slowly.

Don't miss the helpful index to Series One, Rhode Island Historical Tracts.  It is contained in Volume 20, along with corrections to v 1-19.

Don’t miss the helpful index to Series One, Rhode Island Historical Tracts. It is contained in Volume 20, along with corrections to v 1-19.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 2, No. 1

An Inquiry Concerning the Origin of the Clause in the Laws of Rhode Island (1719-1783) Disfranchising Roman Catholics.  By Sidney S. Rider. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1889.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 2, No. 2

An Inquiry Concerning the Authenticity of an Alleged Portrait of Roger Williams. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1895.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 2, No. 3

A Century of Lotteries in Rhode Island 1744-1844.  By John H. Stiness. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1896.

Many of the lotteries shown in Rhode Island Historical Tracts, Series 2, volume 3, were church-related.  This one for the Second Baptist Society in Coventry was evidently acquired with a scrawled note from Jonah Titus:  this ticket.

Many of the lotteries shown in Rhode Island Historical Tracts, Series 2, num. 3 were church-related. This ticket for the Second Baptist Society’s Lottery in Coventry was evidently acquired with a scrawled note from Jonah Titus: I purchased this ticket very much against my views of interest but like him who gambles in anything else hope to gain by it.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 2, No. 4

The Forgeries Connected with The Deed Given by the Sachems Canonicus and Miantinomi to Roger Williams of the Land on Which the Town of Providence was Planted.  By Sidney S. Rider. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1896.

Rhode Island Historical Tracts Series 2, No. 5

Soul Liberty. Rhode Island’s Gift to the Nation. An Inquiry Concerning the Validity of the Claims Made by Roman Catholics that Maryland was Settled upon that Basis Before Roger Williams Planted the Colony of Rhode Island.   By Sidney S. Rider. Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1897.

The post you are reading is located at: http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2015/04/28/rhode-island-historical-tracts/

Benjamin Franklin portrait

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This is the story (just the beginning) of finding a family for my 5x-great grandmother, Freelove (—-) Andrews, born around 1746.  I am related to Freelove in the following way:  my grandmother Edna May Darling — her father Russell E. Darling — Emma L. Lamphere — Hannah Andrews — Jesse Andrews — Freelove (—-).  In my last post, I reviewed some sources for the Andrews.  I had gone through those resources carefully looking for a stray “Freelove” cousin.  No luck.

Although I originally encountered Freelove in Warwick around 1790-1810, I first realized that she had been living previously in Coventry, Rhode Island through an article in Rhode Island Roots, (volume 31, March, 2005, p. 33 – 39, Cherry Fletcher Bamburg “Warwick Residency Certificates, 1737-1820”).  Freelove’s entry (p. 36) reads:

For:  Freelove Andrew, widow of Philip, and ch. of Philip Andrew   From:  Coventry    Date:  8 Dec. 1787

So, Warwick warned Freelove and her children that they didn’t belong in Warwick and needed to leave (they didn’t).  Since her previous town was Coventry, that certainly makes me wonder if she was perhaps born or raised in Coventry.

I copied some deeds from microfilm at the Family History Library in February, but then I didn’t like my page pictures, so I went to Coventry Town Hall to get better ones.

The Coventry Town Hall and Public Library is an unimposing building on Flat River Road, Coventry.

The Coventry Town Hall and Public Library is an unimposing building on Flat River Road, Coventry.  There is plenty of parking.

Coventry, Rhode Island

Coventry was originally the western section of Warwick, and split off in 1741.  So ancestors could have been living in Warwick, but then you find their later deeds in Coventry, but actually they never moved.  I don’t think that’s quite what happened here, but I do think my ancestors were often close to the borders of East Greenwich, Warwick, and Coventry.

The town hall is on Flat River Road.  You park around the back. There’s not a lot of signage from the parking lot, but one door leads you to the library and town hall.  The older records are on movable shelves in a back room in the town clerk section.  A retired gentleman was around that day that helped me find a few things.  He asked me what family I was researching, and when I said Andrews, he guffawed a bit and wished me luck.  Guess everyone knows I am in need of that.

Phillip Andrews in Coventry

I was hoping to find evidence of Phillip and Freelove Andrew’s time in Coventry.

First of all, there were no vital records to be found for Phillip.  I was really hoping a death record would show up.  I have narrowed down his death to 1780-1787.  No death or probate record in Coventry (or Warwick or East Greenwich).  There are MANY Andrews in Coventry (see the Andrews manuscript mentioned last time), but no records seemed to pertain to my branch.

When I first looked at the deeds, I encountered one of those special indexing systems.  They are used in a large alphabetical index that covers 1743-1925. I later learned, from Christine Rose’s Courthouse Indexes Illustrated (2006) that this is called the Russell Index (p. 15).  It classifies names by CERTAIN letters that may appear in the name after the first letter.  It’s the first time I’ve seen this one, so I had to stop and figure it out.  I’m sure it solved some problems in the pre-digital world, but it’s a bit convoluted today.

This code was filmed from the flyleaf of each index volume.  It's the "Russell Code".

This code was filmed from the flyleaf of each index volume. It’s the “Russell Code”.

Andrews deeds

As I explored deeds, I was a little surprised at what I found.  The index showed five deeds of interest:

  • Grantee: Phillip Andrews al. Grantor: John Alerton Jr. v 4 p. 228 (1768)
  • Grantee: John Adams Grantor: Philip Andrews al. v. 5  p. 136  (1768)
  • Grantee: Josiah Potter GrantorPhilip Andrews al by Shff  v. 5  p. 205 (1771)
  • Grantee: Sweet Whitford Grantor: Jesse Andrews al. v. 9  p. 114 (1796)
  • Grantee: Abner Bartholick Grantor: Jesse Andrews al. v. 9  p. 116 (1796)

Let me summarize what happened in the deeds.

  1.  v 4 p. 228 (1768)    I, John Alerton Junr of Coventry … Cooper … for … Eight Hundred good Spanish milled Dollars … paid by John Andrews and Phillip Andrews of East GreenwichCoopers
    • A certain parcel of Land Situate … in Coventry … by Estimation One hundred and fifty acres … Butted and Bounded as followeth: South on a Highway West on Carrs River North on the fish pond farm so called East on Land formerly belonging to Gideon Freeborn,
    • Together with part of Two Mishnick Lots,
      • one part of the Seventh Lot Bound East and West on a highway North on the Lot Number Eight South on the Lot Number Six by Estimation 4 acres
      • also part of another Lot Number five butted and bounded as followeth East and West on a Highway North on the Lot Number Six, South on the Lot Number four, by estimation Two acres and one half, be the same more or less …
    • and Rose Alerton, wife to the above said John Alerton Junr … surrender all her right of dower … 12 day of April 1768.   In the presence of William Spencer Junr, Thomas Shippee.  John Rice, Town Clerk … Personally appeared … Before Thomas Shippee Justice of the Peace.
  2. v. 5  p. 136  (1768)   We, John & Phillip Andrews for … Thirty Pounds … paid by John Adams of Warren in the County of Bristol and Colony of Rhode Island, Yeoman … Quit Claim all our Right which we now have or ever had … all that part of the Farm No.2 in the last Division below Carrs River, said farm was drawn in the right of Ezekiel Holloman … on the north of a Streight line to be drawn from the Northerly Corner of the farm on which we now live to the South Westerly Corner of the fish pond farm so called … said dividing line is to be run agreeable to the original plan of the three mentioned farms … third day of May … 1768.
    • In the presence of Stephen Potter, Mary Potter.
    • Signed John Andrews … Phillip Andrews.
    • And Hannah the wife of me the said John Andrews … do acquit all her … Dower … Hannah Andrews, her mark.
    • And Freelove the wife of me the said Phillip Andrews … doth acquit all her Right of Dower … Freelove Andrews her mark
    • Personally appeared … John Andrews … 24th day of November 1770
    • Personally appeared … Phillip Andrews … tenth day of December, 1770 Before me Sam Wall Justice of the Peace.
  3. v. 5  p. 205 (1771)    I Henry Rice Esq. Sherriff of the County of Kent in the Colony of Rhode Island … Whereas two Executions against John Andrews and Philip Andrews at the suit of John Alerton Junr and one Execution against John Andrews at the suit of Joseph Carpenter were by me the said Sheriff levied on a certain farm or tract of Land Situate  in Coventry with a Dwelling House and other Buildings thereon standing containing about One Hundred and Fifty Acres Bounded as followeth viz Southerly on a Highway Westerly on Carrs River Northerly and Easterly on Land formerly belonging to John Adams, and whereas on the first day of December AD 1770 all the Estate Right Title Interest and Property of the said John Andrews and Philip Andrews in the premises aforesaid were by me the said Sheriff sold at Public Vendue for the satisfaction of said executions to Josiah Potter who was the Highest Bidder for the sum of One Hundred and Twenty Six Pounds lawful money which the said Josiah Potter hath since well and truly paid me the said Sheriff.
    • Now Know ye that by force and Vertue of an Act of the General Assembly at their Session held at South Kingstown … October 1763 entitled “An Act for Regulating the Method of Assigning Real Estate Sold by Execution &c” —-  I the Said Sheriff … Sell … to … Josiah… All and Every the Lands Tenaments and Hereditaments with their and every of their Appurtenances …
    • In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my Hand and Seal the Twenty Sixth day of January … 1771.
  4. v. 9  p. 114 (1796)    We Christopher Andrews of Pits Town in the County of Renselaer in the State of New York Yeoman and Jesse Andrews of Coventry Mariner … for … the sum of Ten Dollars … To us … paid by …  Sweet Whitford of Coventry … Yeoman.  One certain small lot of land lying … in that partcalledMishnick Swamp being part of the Lot Number five in said Swamp, … contains by estimation two acres.
    • hereunto set our hands and seals this Seventh Day of September, AD1796.
    • In the presence of Asa Stone, William Stone.  Before William Stone Justice of the Peace
  5. v. 9  p. 116 (1796)    We Christopher Andrews of Pits Town in the County of Renselaer in the State of New York Yeoman and Jesse Andrews of Coventry Mariner … for … the sum of 22 Dollars and a half Dollar … To us … paid by … Abner Bartholick of Coventry … Yeoman.  Two small Lots of land
    • one of which is part of the Seventh Lot in Mishnick Swamp Lying in the Township of Coventry … containing by estimation four acres …
    • the other small lot being part of the Fifth Lot in Mishnick Swamp … containing by estimation one half acre …
    • hereunto set our hands and seals this Seventh Day of September, AD1796.
    • In the presence of Asa Stone, William Stone.  Before William Stone Justice of the Peace
Older records at the Coventry town clerk's office.

Older records at the Coventry town clerk’s office.

10 things I learned from the deeds

  1. Phillip Andrews and his father made a land purchase together in 1768. I know it was him and his father (and not, say, a brother John) because their wives signed a subsequent deed. There were SO MANY John Andrews transactions in the Coventry index, I haven’t yet sorted out the prior ones that belong to this John.
  2. John and Phillip bought 150 acres plus buildings in 1768, plus small parts of Lots 7 and 5 in Mishnick Swamp (I believe, today, this is known as Mishnock Swamp).  Mishnock Swamp is very near the Maple Root Baptist Church in Coventry, a church heavily populated with Andrews, and built on their land.  A couple of months later, they quit-claimed what appears to be a smaller property nearby … could that have been their previous home?
  3. It seems possible that Phillip and John housed their families in one dwelling on this property, although I don’t yet know if other properties were owned, or if more than the one mentioned dwelling was available there.
  4. Phillip and his father John Andrews were coopers.  Never knew that; I had only seen Philip working as a soldier in wartime from time to time.
  5. The property was near Carrs River.  So, the land was near the border of Coventry and West Warwick.
  6. If there’s one thing I learned from Judy G. Russell during “Law School for Genealogists” at GRIP last summer, it was to check the legal terms that I am not completely sure of.  For these deeds, I looked up the following in Black’s Dictionary of Law, 1891 (Judy Russell offers her Black’s Dictionary of Law advice here):
    • ExecutionThe completion, fulfillment, or perfecting of anything, or carrying it into operation and effect. The signing, sealing, and delivery of a deed. The signing and publication of a will. The performance of a contract according to its terms.    In practice. The last stage of a suit, whereby possession is obtained of anything recovered. It is styled “final process,” and consists in putting the sentence of the law in force. 3 Bl. Comm. 412. The carrying into effect of the sentence or judgment of a court.
    • VendueA sale; generally a sale at public auction; and more particularly a sale so made under authority of law, as by a constable, sheriff, tax collector, administrator, etc.
    • Tenement This term, in its vulgar acceptation, is only applied to houses and other buildings, but in its original, proper, and legal sense it signifies everything that may be holden, provided it be of a permanent nature, whether it be of a substantial and sensible, or of an unsubstantial, ideal, kind. Thus, liberum tenementum, frank tenement, or freehold, is applicable not only to lands and other solid objects, but also to offices, rents, commons, advowsons, franchises, peerages, etc. 2 Bl. Comm. 16.     “Tenement” is a word of greater extent than “land,” including not only land, but rents, commons, and several other rights and interests issuing out of or concerning land. 1 Steph. Comm. 158, 159.
    • HereditamentsThings capable of being inherited, be it corporeal or incorporeal, real, personal, or mixed, and including not only lands and everything thereon, but also heir-looms, and certain furniture which, by custom, may descend to the heir together with the land. Co. Litt. 56; 2 Bl. Comm. 17. The two kinds of hereditaments are corporeal, which are tangible, (in fact, they mean the same thing as land,) and incorporeal, which are not tangible, and are the rights and profits annexed to or issuing out of land. Wharton.

      Freelove Andrews her mark, from the 1777 deed.

      Freelove Andrews her mark, from the 1768 deed.

  7. And, of course, I need to know the law that impacted my ancestor’s life – in this case:  an Act of the General Assembly at their Session held at South Kingstown … October 1763 entitled “An Act for Regulating the Method of Assigning Real Estate Sold by Execution &c” –  I referred to Bartlett’s Colonial Records of Rhode Island (vol. 6, p. 373) but it only reports:
    • Public Acts Passed During the Year 1763 —  [item 3] An Act for regulating the method of conveying and assessing real estates sold by execution, and for changing the form of the deed heretofore given and used by the Sheriffs (October).    [a better source for the law might be the State Archives].
  8. The 150 acres were seized by the sheriff and sold in 1771, based on “suits” by John Alerton Jr and Joseph Carpenter.  This implies there were some kind of mortgages or claims that I haven’t found yet.  The loss of the land may explain why no deeds or probate seem to mark the end of John Andrews’ life, and with no vital record, there is no evidence of John’s death.
  9. In 1796, Phillip’s sons Christopher and Jesse sold the small remaining part of Lots 5 & 7 in the Mishnock Swamp.  Christopher had already moved on to Pittstown, New York, and Jesse was a newlywed and was about to buy property on Main Street, East Greenwich, the following year.
  10. The mention of Ezekial Holliman as the original owner of one of the swamp lots is intriguing – more coming on that idea in the future. 
Carr River marked in orange spots; Mishnock Swamp marked with red marker. Courtesy of Google Maps.

Carr River marked in orange spots; Mishnock Swamp marked with red marker. Courtesy of Google Maps.

Making a connection through the deeds

Needless to say, even as I was sitting at the microfilm machine in Salt Lake City, I quickly checked all the names mentioned in the deeds against the index of the Andrews Genealogy to see if any were related to Phillip.  None were found (not that that proves anything, of course).  But since I am seeking Freelove’s family, that might be good news – perhaps they were connected to her.

The most interesting name was the first one, John Alerton, Jr., since Phillip Andrews’ first acquisition might be most closely connected to his family or his wife’s. Two factors that make this less likely are the fact that Phillip’s father John was also a purchaser, and that John Alerton eventually foreclosed on them – but, who knows.  I copied John Alerton’s marriage, children’s births, and probate record from the Coventry Town Hall.  Based on dates, I wondered if he could be Freelove’s brother.

The name Alerton rang a bell, and I couldn’t remember why, then of course I remembered Isaac Allerton, Mayflower passenger. I thought if I could consult the recent Allerton “silver book” I could get a quick overview of any possible links to Freelove.  

I consulted:

  • Robert Charles Anderson’s bibliographic notes on Isaac Allerton in The Great Migration Begins (vol. 1, p. 39). 
  • An older book online – A history of the Allerton family in the United States : 1585 to 1885 by Walter S. Allerton.  I was a little astonished at what I found. The John Allerton, Jr. that lived in Coventry, R.I. (p. 39) had a daughter Freelove (be still my heart! – although that would not be my Freelove) and an uncle Jesse.  The family even had links to Plainfield and Norwich, Connecticut, where my Andrews ended up.  Just finding a Freelove and a Jesse in John Allerton’s family is enough to make this a giant clue.
  • Descendants of Edward Small of New England by Lora Altine Woodbury Underhill, 1910, volume 2, p. 685.  This book repeated the story of John Allerton, Sen. being the son of Isaac (3).
  • I was feeling pretty excited about the Allertons. Unfortunately, the silver book (Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, Vol. 17: Issac Allerton, 2013) explained, in a footnote on page 7, that John Allerton Sr. of Norwich, Conn., Warwick, and Coventry, R.I. was only tied to the Mayflower Allertons by family tradition, and no evidence linked him to the person assumed to be his father, Isaac (3) Allerton, even though that had been re-copied in several places.

So, no easy, carefully traced tree here. The Allertons (junior and senior) are real but I will have to research them myself.  One thing I learned from the silver book was that John Allerton Sr was also in Warwick. There are no vital records  for Allertons reported in Arnold’s Rhode Island Vital Records, vol. 1, but there may be other Warwick records.

The section at town hall with the more recent real estate records.

The section at town hall with the more recent real estate records.

In closing

It occurs to me that Phillip’s son Christopher’s departure for Pittstown, New York in the late 1790’s could be the result of a bounty land grant for Phillip, after the Revolutionary War.  I’ve never found that – just a few records here and there about several years of service.  But I need to look more.  First of all, I’m going to review the laws and see if Phillips’ death in the late 1780’s would have prevented the family from getting such a grant.

But meanwhile, back in Coventry, I am a little mystified by the origins of the 150 acre lot and the Mishnock swamp lots.  On the one hand, Mishnock Swamp is adjacent to the Maple Root Church property, clearly Andrews land.  On the other hand, they didn’t buy it from close Andrews relatives or in-laws – they bought it from John Alerton Jr.  I have a vague idea that John Alerton could possibly be a relative of Freelove.  But I need to know where John Alerton got the land, regardless of any connection to Freelove.  I think that is the next step.

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2015/03/26/coventry-town-hall/

In later years, parts of Coventry became industrialized, where waterpower was available.

In later years, the parts of Coventry where waterpower was available became industrialized.

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While at the Family History Library last month, I was finally able to get a copy of the 1726/7 map showing the division of George Lamphere’s property among his heirs.  My goal in investigating the early Lamphere property is to seek evidence of the parents of my 5th-great grandfather Daniel Lamphere of Westerly, who died in 1808 and may have been born around 1735-1740.  Given the timing, it’s likely that Daniel’s father was a grandson of George Lamphere.

Westerly in a much busier era, 1888, in Picturesque Narragansett, p. 163.

View of Westerly and the Pawcatuck River.  Westerly in a much busier era, 1888, from Picturesque Narragansett, p. 163.

The problem

The theory in The Lamphere Family Research Aid (1981) by Shirley Bucknum that the Daniel who married Eunice Wise was Daniel4 (Daniel3, John2, George1) was something I double-checked while in Salt Lake City; unfortunately THAT Daniel signed a receipt in his father Daniel’s 1788 probate record along with his wife, Wealthia.  MY Daniel was married to Nancy at the time. I wanted to explore the whole probate record (my copies download here if you want to take a look – page 1, page 2, page 3, page 4) and when I did, sure enough, THAT Daniel really does seem to be the son of John2, because he names his wife, Cattern.  So I am looking things over again, more broadly.  This is an open question.

I consulted the only reliable compiled tree on the early Lampheres, Scott Andrew Bartley’s series of articles:

  • Scott Andrew Bartley. “George Lanphear of Westerly, Rhode Island and his Descendants.”  New England Historic Genealogical Register 153 (April 1999): 131-140.
  • Scott Andrew Bartley. “George Lanphear of Westerly, Rhode Island and his Descendants, Part 2.”  New England Historic Genealogical Register 159 (October 2005): 333-340.
  • Scott Andrew Bartley. “George Lanphear of Westerly, Rhode Island and his Descendants, Part 3.”  New England Historic Genealogical Register 160 (January 2006): 47-59.
Daniel and Welthia Lanpher signed a discharge on March 18, 1789 for their share from Daniel Lamphere's estate.

Daniel and Welthia Lanpher signed a discharge on March 18, 1789 for their share from Daniel Lamphere’s estate.

Daniel’s children

According to the articles (and also, more or less, according to Austin’s Genealogical Dictionary of R.I.), George’s children were:

  • Richard
  • Shadrack
  • Mary m. Peter Button
  • Patience m. Eber Crandall
  • John
  • Seth
  • Theodosios
  • Sarah m. James Covey
  • Elizabeth m. James Pendleton

While we’re on the subject, I would note Mr. Bartley’s warning that there is no evidence for the name of George’s wife.  People may “have” a name, they may “find” a name, but there is no evidence.

I found in Westerly Probate book 4, p. 181, “A Plot of the Land of George Lanphear & Divided According to the Order of Capt James Hill, Capt Oliver Babcock & Justice John Richmond Committee March 21 1726/7 – Christp: Champlin – Survey”

The names are found clearly on the map (get larger version here):

The map from p. 181 (printed numbering) of Westerly Probate Book 4.

The map from p. 181 (printed numbering) of Westerly Probate Book 4 shows the division of George Lamphere’s land.

The names appear as follows:

  • Top row:  No. 9 Shadrack Lamphear  48 Acres
  • Bottom row:  No. 1 Ja. Covey, 27 A 58 R   |  No 2 Seth Lanphear  18 A 80 R  |  No 3 Richard Lanphear  20 A 00 R  |  No 4 Eber Crandall 17 A 64 R  |  No 5 Theodosias Lanphear 28 A 100 R  |  No 6 [Richard?] Lanphear 29 A 40 R  |  No 7 Mary Button 46 A 16 R  |  No 8 James Pendleton 34 A 78 R

Note that the corner landmarks are: A large white oak, large white oak tree, John Lanphear’s [Corner?], and [illegible].  Other landmarks mentioned are a stake, and a stake and stones.

Page 172, adjacent to the map.  Copied in 1735.

Page 172. Copied in 1735.  “The above draft is a true copy of the original entered April 15th 1734.  William Babcock CC.”

Where is it?

I just don’t know where this land is.  My guess about where MY Daniel Lamphere left land to his second wife and his many children is in this post:  On Lanphere Road. The area I found was called “Lamphere Hollow” and there is a decent chance it represents the general area where George had his land, but I don’t know.

The 1774 Census transcribed in Rhode Island Roots (vol. 10, Dec., 20013, “The 1774 Census of Rhode Island: Charlestown and Westerly“, transcribed by Vera M. Robinson) shows the following interesting set of Lampheres and neighbors (p. 197):

  • Joseph Clarke …………….. 1. ……… 1. ……….1 ……………………….. 1 ……………………….. 1 ……
  • Elisha Clarke ……………..2. ….4 ….4 . … 1. ….1 ……………………….. 1 ……………………….. 1 ……
  • William Brombly ………..3 . ……… 1. … 4 …..1 ……………………….. 1 ………………………..1 . …..
  • James Pendleton ………… .3.. …..: ..I.. ……… I.. …………………… …I.. ……………………..I…. …
  • James Pendleton Junr ….. 1. … 1. … 1 ….2 . …. 1 . ………………………1 ………………………..1 ……
  • Nathan Lanpher.. … :. ….. ..2… . 3.. .. 2.. . .2… .. I.. …………………. …..I ……………………….. I.. ….
  • Nathan Lanpher Jur …….. 1… . 2… . l .. .. 3… .. I.. ………………… ……I.. ………………… ……I.. ….
  • Daniel Lanpher …………. .2.. ……. .3… . l … ..I.. ……………………… I.. ………………. ……..I.. ….
  • David Lanpher Junr ……..1 . … 1. … 1 …. 2. ….1 ……………………….1 … ……………………… 1 ……
  • David Lanpher …………… 1. … 3 …. 1. … 2. …. 1 ……………………….1. . ………………………. 1 ……
  • William Vinsant …………. l .. . .5… . 3… . 2…. . I.. …………… …………I… …………………….. 1 ……
  • Daniel Lampher Junr …… 1. .. .3.. .. I.. .. 5… .. I. ……………….. ……I ………………………. .I ……
  • John Burdick ………………4 …. 2 …. 2. …3 ….. 1 ……………………….1. . ……………………… 1 ……
  • William Babcock ……….. 2 ………. 3 …. 1 ….. 1 ……………………….. 1 ……………………….. 1 ……
  • Samuel Brand …………….. 1. …2 …. 1. ………. 1 ……………………….. 1 ………………………..1 ……

The neighbors are some of the same names mentioned in the deeds of my Daniel’s widow, Nancy, as the property was sold off after 1808. Clearly, “Nathan” and “David” are huge clues since, at this early date, they are not Daniel’s sons.  I think “Nathan” may be Nathan4 (Nathan3, John2, George1) who was married by 1774 to his third wife, Sarah Saunders and had about 10 children already.

The 1777 Military Census for Westerly, R.I. (Rhode Island Roots vol 10, Sept 1984, “1777 Military Census, Westerly, Rhode Island“) lists:

  • (page 60) Daniel Lanpher 60+  and
  • (page 63) Daniel Lanpher 3d 16-50 A and Daniel Lanpher Jr 16-50 A. (=”From 16 to 50 years and able to bear arms”)

This leaves me confused – I’m not even sure what the right number of Daniels should be.  I need to go through the 1790 and 1800 census page by page – after all, one of the Daniels died in 1788.  Maybe that will clarify things.

map of southern Rhode Island from History of Washington and Kent counties, Rhode Island, 1889, page 1.

map of southern Rhode Island from History of Washington and Kent counties, Rhode Island, 1889, page 1.  The Lamphere property that belonged to my family was just above the bold “Westerly”. 

Next steps

  • Can the old map help me?  Can I find descendants of the Crandalls, Pendletons, Coveys, and Buttons still living near my Lampheres? – I wonder what happened to the properties inherited in this division. 
  • Names – Fortunately, my Daniel had a lot of children over the course of two marriages.  I need to investigate the names more thoroughly.  Unfortunately for this purpose, I still don’t know Nancy’s maiden name or family.  Sources for information about the early families are unreliable after generations 1 – 3.  I may just turn to deeds and vital records so at least I know the names I’m finding are real.  An index to early Westerly deed volumes can be found on USgenweb here which is a useful starting place when planning to look at Westerly deeds.
  • Rhode Island Roots – I explored these for Lampheres years ago when I probably just tried the index for certain names.  There may be lots of subtle clues in there I could find today.
  • Review what’s known – I plan to make a complete list of every fact related to my Daniel and his son Russell.  Some names were mentioned in the probate that I explored extensively a while ago, but need to revisit.
  • Census – re-analyze all existing census records looking for patterns of neighbors.

The post you are reading is located at: http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2015/03/18/the-land-of-george-lanphear/

From At Home Again page 36.

From At Home Again page 36.

 

 

 

 

 

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Harriet Frances James

Descendants of John MacAndrews, who was present in Quidnesset, Rhode Island in the late 1600’s, owe a great deal to their early 20th-century genealogist, Miss Harriet Frances James.  Miss James’ story is told by Lora S. LaMance in her book The Greene Family and its Branches (Floral Park, NY: Mayflower Publishing Co., 1904(?)).  From the words, one gets the impression they may have been friends.

(p. 103) Chapter XVIII, Line of Lieut. John Greene of Coventry – Descendants of Hannah Greene-Andrews. 

This chapter is a difficult one. In the main I follow Miss Hattie James’ work, “The Andrews Genealogy.” This lady inherited an aptitude for genealogical work from both her father and grandmother. She was born in an Andrews community, and personally knew the half dozen old gentlemen of 85 and 90, who were looked up to as authority on the intricate family relationship. She interviewed all of these, solicited family records from branch after branch, and made a careful study of the old books and records. After years of labor and expense, just as she was getting it into shape for publication, grievous bodily affliction befell her. She finished it lying upon her back, and writing with benumbed, half-paralyzed hands. The Gleaner of Phenix, R. I., ran it as a serial for something over a year. A friend tells us that this invaluable work has netted its author not a penny. When her years of suffering are over, too late it will be realized by this family that a historian was in their midst, and they appreciated her not.

Hattie James never married (according to her census records) and apparently ill health prevented her from completing her work in book form.  Her father had a career in mill operations which took the family from Coventry (the village of Washington) up to Pawtucket, Rhode Island.  According to her own genealogical writing (p.145), Hattie James (4 Nov 1846 – 19 Mar 1916 – death date taken from Pawtucket, R.I. City Directory, 1916) has the following place in the Andrews family:  Harriet Frances James(8) Albert Greene James(7) Jane Andrews(6) Timothy(5) Elnathan(4) John(3) William(2) John(1).

Miss James’ work exists today in two versions.

  • A set of scrapbooks at the Rhode Island Historical Society contains the newspaper clippings for Harriet’s work in the Gleaner as well as other news items, obituaries from circa 1900, notes and ephemera. I have examined this and the notes, etc are mostly unrelated to the early Andrews. I have no photographs or specific notes about this manuscript.
  • A three-volume compiled version of her work, with additions, notes and corrections by Anthony Tarbox Briggs is available from the Family History Library on microfilm #22323 Item 1.  It is also available at the Rhode Island Historical Society.
Maple Root Baptist Church, from The Greene Family and Its Branches by Lora S. LaMance, 1904,  p. 106.

Maple Root Baptist Church, a very significant church for the Andrews who spread west to Coventry, Rhode Island.  From The Greene Family and Its Branches by Lora S. LaMance, 1904, p. 106.

The Andrews Family of Rhode Island

Miss James begins her work with a brief overview of the land situation in King’s Town and Quidnesset, Rhode Island in the 1600’s.  She reviews the “Atherton Purchase” and the “Fones Purchase.”  The earliest record she found for John (1) Andrews/MacAndrews was his participation in the Fones Purchase of 1671. From page 5 –

January 1, 1672, he and five others, Capt. John Fones, John Greene, (Quidnesset John) John Briggs, Henry Tibbetts and Thomas Waterman, bought a large tract of land in Narragansett Country for a valuable sum, of Awashuwett, Chief Sachem of the Narragansett Tribe of Indians, the tract since known as the “Fones Purchase”.  The above men were all residents of Quidnesset except John Fones who lived three miles west, now “Briggs Corner”.

Although that situation (that is, the 1671 beginning of the Andrews family story) hasn’t changed too much in the years since, I feel that more work could and should be done to piece together the early generations of Andrews.

Miss James reviewed some stories that she heard while gathering information from various Andrews descendants.  From page 5 –

Among the family traditions are these –

  • First – He came originally from Scotland.  The original name, MacAndrews, helps to sustain this and it has come down to the present time in some of the families of his descendants.
  • Second – There were three brothers, so there were in the Alfred Andrew’s Genealogical Record, but I am not able to connect our Rhode Island Andrews with them.
  • Third – He was driven out of Boston on account of the liberty he took in expressing his opinion, probably on religious views.  His obstinacy in sustaining his rights seemed like John of Boston after he came to King’s Town.
  • Fourth – He came to King’s Town from Cape Cod.  This too is an old family tradition.
  • Fifth – Sometime since leaving Scotland he had lived in Barbadoes, but not so well sustained.

I admire how she presented these as unsubstantiated rumors, which is certainly the truth.  In her genealogical pages, she unfortunately incorporates them into her narrative, but resists glorifying or exaggerating these stories in any way, which many of her contemporaries would surely have done.

Devils Foot Rock, on Post Road in North Kingstown, courtesy of Google maps

Devils Foot Rock, on Post Road in North Kingstown, courtesy of Google maps

Devil’s Foot

Miss James explains a bit about the location of John Andrews’ farm:

[page 9] Land around “Devil’s Foot Rock” for quite a distance took its name from that ledge.  This legendary rock is near the Post Road about halfway between Greenwich and Wickford.  It is being broken up now and carried off to be used for some purpose which I do not remember.  It is a grey granite, also a natural curiosity which it seems a pity to disturb.  It is termed “Devil’s Foot” from impressions made in the rock that resemble the marks of a human foot made in the snow.

[page 13] John Andrews (2) … deeded for love, etc. to his six brothers a share of their father’s property.

“To my six brother, William, Charles, James, Thomas, Edward and Benoni, all interest I have by my father, John Andrews deceased, unto 70 acres, which is part of 90 acres in Greenwich.  And if any brother die before he is twenty one, his part to go equally to the others.  The full improvements and benefits of 70 acres to be at the disposal of mother-in-law (i.e., step-mother) that now is Mary Andrews, until the youngest brother is twenty one”.

The Reamins of Frenchtown, from Memoir Concerning the French Settlement, 1879, p. 1.

The Remains of Frenchtown, from Memoir Concerning the French Settlement, 1879, p. 1.

He agrees to pay for life to his step-mother 10 bushels of apples yearly.

He sold Captain Thomas Fry of East Greenwich his interest in a certain tract of land in Narragansett Country near Devil’s Foot, bounded partly by land of his father, John Andrews deceased, who had with others bought land in 1672 of certain Indians.  John Jr. was one of the 24 partners to the “Fones Purchase” when it was confirmed in 1677.

When he sold the above mentioned land top Thomas Fry April 1, 1698, he lived in Newport.  His stay in Newport was short.  In 1700 he lived in East Greenwich and his children’s birth were recorded here.  He died before 1721.  Rebecca, his widow, married (2) June 18, 1721, John Nichols of East Greenwich.  His land heired from his father, joined his own at “Devil’s Foot” and run up to his father’s homestead and west towards Frenchtown.

It seems clear that she examined deeds in either East Greenwich, North Kingstown, or both.  The above paragraphs are her interpretation of those deeds – others might reach slightly different conclusions.  I do plan to look at them myself.

I would like to revisit the East Greenwich and North Kingstown records mentioned here and make my own analysis of the early deeds.

I would like to revisit the East Greenwich and North Kingstown records mentioned here and make my own analysis of the early deeds.  Photo from East Greenwich Town Hall by Diane Boumenot.

John MacAndrews and his children

Miss James presents the following genealogy for John (1) Andrews.  See my links toward the bottom of this post for some additional pages.

JOHN MACANDREWS, alias ANDREW, first of King’s Town, came from Scotland and lived in Boston, at Cape Cod, and is known to have lived in King’s Towne before May 20, 1671.  He died there before August 22, 1693, for at that date his eldest son, John, settled his father’s estate.  He married first _____.  They had 2 children, John and William.  He married (2) Mary Ridgely by whom they had 5 children, Charles, James, Thomas, Edward, (also called Edmund) and Benoni.  In course of time his descendants called themselves “Andrews”.

The children of John Andrews (1) and his first wife were –

2 – John (2)

3 – William (2) born Aug 23, 1679, died 1762.

The children by second wife, Mary Ridgely, were –

4 – Charles (2) born ——-, died Jany. 13, 1762

5 – James (2) born ——-, died 1715.

6 – Thomas (2) born ——-, died ——- No further record.

7 – Edward (2) born ——-, died ——- No further record.

8 – Benoni (2) born ——–, died ——.

A North Kingstown probate records.  Due to damage from an explosion, the records are challenging to use, although a great deal of effort has been put into restoration.

A North Kingstown probate record for a different family. Due to damage from an explosion, the records are challenging to use, although a great deal of effort has been put into restoration.  Photo by Diane Boumenot.

Other sources

There are other significant sources for John Andrews:

  • For a quality article on some questions about the early Andrews and Sweet families, see The American Genealogist, January, 1976, vol. 52, p 18-20: “Mary Andrew, Wife Of Henry Sweet” by Harriet Woodbury Hodge. The article cites specific deeds and the information that she gleaned from them, to place Mary Andrew as a daughter of John (1) Andrews and his unknown first wife.  TAG articles are available online to NEHGS members, or at libraries with genealogical collections.
  • A Genforum discussion by Duane Boggs titled Griffin, Fry, Spencer and Andrews takes some of these same deeds (above) and speculates that the first wife of John (1) Andrews was a heretofore unknown daughter of Robert Griffin.
  • A more complete version of the Atherton and Fones deeds can be found in The Records of the Proprietors of the Narragansett : Otherwise Called the Fones record (1894) by James N. Arnold.  John Andrews is found on page 166, 167 and 168.
  • Austin’s Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island, page 3 of the 1969 or 1978 edition published by Genealogical Publishing Co.  It can be viewed in an older edition here, although the reproduction is of poor quality.  Torrey’s New England Marriages Prior to 1700 cites Austin and seems to have no further evidence, although with so many John Andrews entries, there’s always a possibility.
  • Some court records for John Andrews, showing that he and Mary Ridgely were fined after the birth of their child (as well as his appearance in some other capacities) are briefly chronicled here and there in the book Rhode Island General Court of Trials, transcribed by Jane Fletcher Fiske, 1998.  There are some Andrews in Gleanings of Newport Court Files, 1659-1783 by Jane Fletcher Fiske, 1998, however these appear to be too far into the 1700’s to be among the first couple of generations of Andrews.  These two books can be found at libraries with Rhode Island genealogical collections.

In closing

I think Miss James’ work is good, although far better on the lines that eventually spread out to Coventry, where she came from, and the Maple Root Church, than on, say, my lines, which appear to be barely known by that group.  But in many ways, her work was just the beginning of the early Andrews story, missing some portions and in need of additional evidence and clarification.

I have copies of pages 1 – 150 of the Andrews Genealogy book (covering approx 1690-1825) – download pdf copy of that here – which gets through the first few generations.  I also have a copy of the entire index, about 100 pages – a pdf of that will download here – if, after using the index, you need more than the pages I have available here, you will have to rent Family History Library microfilm #22323.

Personally, I am descended from sons Charles (2) and Benoni (2).  More on that another time. I have a lot to do to follow up on these sources.

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2015/03/01/the-andrews-of-rhode-island-3/

Grave of Harriet F James and her parents, Albert C and Mary A James, at Woodland Cemetery, Coventry. Photo used with permission from FindAGrave contributor "Harriet", from entry #65156414.

Grave of Harriet F James and her parents, Albert C and Mary A James, at Woodland Cemetery, Coventry, R.I.. Photo used with permission from FindAGrave.com contributor “Harriet”, from entry #65156414.

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Family Trees

Family Trees

With the appearance of my new MacLean page on my blog, my daughter asked me why I didn’t have trees clearly showing all the relatives.  She said lists were hard to follow.  The surprising part of that conversation, of course, is that we were discussing genealogy at all.  That doesn’t often happen.

The more I thought about it, the more sense it made to put up, in picture form, images of large segments of my tree, so that the connections and family names could be seen in their proper context.  My text can be complicated and, well, there’s nothing like a picture.

Here is my tree, with some speculative segments removed, back about 10 or 11 generations, where possible, although they often go farther.

Edna May Darling Baldwin with her twins, Pat and Ann.

Edna May Darling Baldwin with her twins, Ann and Pat, around 1937.  Grandma sewed quite a bit, and may have made those clothes.

My mother’s family

My mother’s parents are Miles Edward Baldwin (1893-1979) and Edna May Darling (1905-1999).  My mother’s grandparents are below, with a pdf of each tree next to the name.

These are large pdf’s and will take a minute to open. The trees just contain names and dates, for the curious – no sources, so they are not useful for research or as proof of relationships.

Josie MacLeod MacLean, with suitcase, with my mother and my sister Bonnie and my brother Jay, around 1959.

Josie MacLeod MacLean, with suitcase, with my mother, my sister Bonnie and my brother Jay, around 1958.

My father’s family

My father’s family, from Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, has been harder to research, but what is known so far is on two charts, below, one for each of dad’s parents:

These trees were quite simple to make with Family Tree Maker, using Publish – Pedigree Chart – Layout: Poster, Overlap: Fishtail, Generations: 8, with specifications for Items to include and Line styles. I colored male and females differently using the symbol for Box Borders and Line Options.  After opening that up, the “Boxes” list allows you to make choices about various types of data.  To get the generation labels, I clicked the box in the list that appears towards the bottom of the Pedigree Chart Options section.  When all is ready, the “Share” button allows you to export as a single page pdf.  I saved the style as a custom template so I can easily remake these from time to time.  They will also live on my Family Names page, which gets a lot of views.

In closing

I don’t think about this often enough, but a beautiful rendition of a family tree is something I really like, and haven’t done much with.  I need to take a closer look at Family Chart Masters when they come to NERGC in April.  Their work is beautiful and they can customize just for you.

The post you are reading is located at: http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2015/02/26/family-trees/

from Sketches of Early American Architecture.

A Providence door-yard. From Sketches of Early American Architecture by O.R. Eggars, 1922.

Click for NERGC flyer

Click for NERGC flyer

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DNA and Teddy’s Book

Since my previous report on my efforts to try DNA testing, a lot has happened.  Here is an update.

Family Finder on Family Tree DNA

My mom and dad both took the Family Finder test. The results were interesting, but I began to realize that it would also be helpful to start having more relatives in the mix.  Towards the end of 2014, Family Tree DNA started offering discount coupons on each account. Somehow I managed to purchase the Family Finder test as an add-on to my existing MtDNA test, instead of a new test kit – oops!  I hadn’t even realized such a thing was possible. I wrote to them for help, and eventually got a reply, and after a phone conversation, we agreed on a partial refund.  Which was nice, because it was mostly my own stupidity that caused this.

My plan is to administer the test to another relative to help me distinguish the source of some of mom’s particular DNA.  I have a peculiar lack of relatives on that side – mom had an identical twin (well that’s not so helpful, DNA-wise) and no other siblings, and only one first cousin.  She had two second cousins who have recently passed away, one with no descendants.  So, I think mom’s first cousin is able and willing, and I will pursue that question, now that my new kit is in hand.

So now I have Family Finders for myself, Mom and Dad.  It has been rather interesting to have results for all of us.

Looking at Family Finder tests

There is far more data analysis available through Family Tree DNA than there is on Ancestry DNA, although the down side is there are far fewer trees to look at. When the results came into Family Tree DNA, I recognized some “old friends” from mom’s Ancestry DNA test.  But now, I was able to do more with those matches.

Family tree DNA allows you to do some analysis pretty easily.  Here are some examples.

After months of looking things over and utilizing some tools in Family Tree DNA, I have learned some things about mom's closest matches.

Mom’s 9 closest matches.  I’m on top.  After months of looking things over and utilizing some tools in Family Tree DNA, I have learned some things about mom’s closest matches.

Here are mom’s top matches.   By default, the list sorts by size of largest block.  But it also can be interesting to look at the total shared cM.

#1 is me – we match very closely of course.

Match #3 is someone I had corresponded with on Ancestry DNA and he is part of my Andrews connection.  He told me about a match we share, which was mom’s #2 match.  With some advice from #3 I approached #2 for more information – he has no tree or data on Family Tree DNA.  I got a friendly response and a little data, which #2 expanded on – he had already begun researching this himself.  I need to do my own research on #2 and this may lead me to answers for some of my Andrews questions.  Match #9 is part of that group as well.

Matches #4, #5, and #6 have no trees and few or no surnames listed.  About all I can do with such people is see who ELSE they match with, hoping those folks have trees.  I would do this as follows:

  • Turn on Show Full View so I could see the Longest Block measurement, and “+ Compare in Chromosome Browser” for each match.
DNA matches

When you click Show Full View, the Compare in Chromosome Browser choice shows up below each entry.

 

  •  Try the Run Common Matches button to see who they ALSO match from among mom’s matches – use In Common With
In Common With shows up when you click the last of the four symbols below the name.

In Common With shows up when you click the last of the four symbols below the name.

  • From there, choose people to put into the Chromosome Browser.  See if they match in the same place.
  • Another choice is to use the Matrix feature (under My DNA — Family Finder — Matrix).

By running those features I developed several groups of matches with a fair idea of where, approximately, they might match me or mom.  Based on what I’ve been reading, I paid more attention to matches that both mom and I share, which is a good clue about non-random matches.  So far, the groups have been interesting but only the Andrews one, noted in my first DNA post, seems definite. The other groups need to be explored more.

A third cousin

It was match #7 that has been the biggest surprise.  First of all, because Family Finder sorts the matches by largest block, it was a LONG time before I finally noticed that he was mom’s largest match by far at 112.97 cM.  He matches me at approximately half that amount.  A match of that size is likely to be, say, a second cousin 1x removed.  A match of half that size is likely to be a third cousin.  It looked like I had found someone who was a third cousin to me, and second cousin 1x removed to my mom.

#7 offered very little in the way of names on the Family Tree DNA site.  I wrote to him.  We corresponded once or twice and he gave me some names and details of his grandparents.  His paternal side was clearly not matching my family.  On his maternal side, he mentioned some names and places that didn’t match what I had.  He had a Martin, but from the wrong place.

I began researching one side of his maternal line.  What a fascinating, large family.  I traced numerous great aunts and uncles, each story more intriguing than the last.  I found pictures, court records, and newspaper items.  Eventually, I found enough to reluctantly convince myself I was not related to those people. So I moved on.

The other side had a Carson who married a Martin.  There was some confusion about what the first name was.  Using what I had, I began to research.  One of the first things I found was a census record and suddenly, it all became clear, although it took me several days to gather additional evidence.

I found Lillian (from Canada) and James (from Ireland) Carson living in Somerville, Massachusetts with their son in 1900.  Also in the household was sister in law Hazel Martin, born March, 1885.  I know who Hazel Martin was, in fact, I had saved the census record in my Shoebox on Ancestry years ago.  Hazel Violet Martin was the younger sister of my great grandmother, who had died in 1897.  In 1905 Hazel married Frederick Bamblett in Providence, Rhode Island, and she died in Detroit in 1907.

Bessie Martin Baldwin,1870 - 1897

My great grandmother Bessie had another sister, May, that I could never account for.  She was listed in the census records before the family left Canada.  She, for some reason, was a witness to Bessie’s first (unused) marriage license.  She was the maid of honor at my great grandparents’ wedding. It was obvious that May must have been the author of “Teddy’s Book.” What I had never realized was that May Martin was really Lillian May Martin.

Marriage announcement of Bessie Blanche Martin, The Milton News/Dorchester Advertiser, vol. XII, No. 24, Saturday, Sept 10, 1892. From microfilm, Boston Public Library.

Marriage announcement of Bessie Blanche Martin, The Milton News/Dorchester Advertiser, vol. XII, No. 24, Saturday, Sept 10, 1892. From microfilm, Boston Public Library.

As I went back to review what could be known about my grandparents’ wedding, I saw probably the most compelling clue:  James Carson (Lillian May Martin’s husband) was the best man.  I had never put the clue in the newspaper clipping together with the clue in the census record that was a possible match for sister Hazel.  Evidentia would have solved this one, I think.  I hadn’t used it on Bessie Martin.

Bessie and sister Clara ... hopefully having fun at a fair (those hats can't be for real!)

Bessie (in back) and sister Clara … hopefully having fun at a fair … unless those hats were the latest thing.

My additional evidence is a bit garbled because of the inconsistency with which the siblings reported their parents as “Marston/John/Jonathan” and “Maria/Elizabeth.”  I know this sounds incongruous, but these are the same people, and for some reason in the 1890’s the family sometimes went with the alternate versions (particularly, on my great grandmother’s death record).  I have some evidence that they never really obtained any citizenship status, so maybe they had something to hide.  Or it’s possible middle names were used at random (like Lillian May).  I don’t know.

But what it really all added up to was that I had found the author of “Teddy’s Book.”

Teddy’s Book

We knew almost nothing about my great-grandmother Bessie Blanche Martin (1870-1897) when I started genealogy.  I chronicled her story here, here, here, and here (and don’t miss The Runaway Bride of Newton, Massachusetts). We had a tintype of her, a picture of her and her sister Clara, a picture of Clara holding a baby, and a tiny homemade album of scraps and quotes called “Teddy’s Book” which was clearly created by someone for my grandfather when he was a small child. From those clues one would suspect Clara had been the sister she was closest to, but as I learned more I realized that Clara married and moved away, and it must have been May, still home in Milton, Massachusetts, that was close to her sister when my Grandfather was small.

My great grandmother died the day after giving birth to her second child, Blanchard “Jim” Baldwin.  Cause of death was listed as cancer of the stomach.  One has to picture the illness and pregnancy as a sad and difficult time, assuming this was known.  My great grandfather, Miles E. Baldwin, quickly married again.

Teddy Baldwin's Book

Teddy Baldwin’s Book

But in the pages of “Teddy’s Book,” written for my grandfather when he was about 5, around 1898 (shortly before the family left Newton) we get a glimpse of a Teddy’s doting and attentive aunts, obviously constant visitors at the Baldwin household both before and after the death of Bessie.  They clearly adored their nephew, to the point of making a little scrap book filled with his “sayings” as well as snippets of his mother’s clothes.  They spoke kindly of the new wife, either because they genuinely liked her or perhaps for the sake of their nephew … in either case, it was a loving, supportive gesture.

Things did not go all that easily for my grandfather once his family moved out of town and he went on without his mother and the loving aunts.  I imagine he felt that loss, unknowingly, for the rest of his life.  Lillian May’s life was difficult, filled with loss in the succeeding years.  The author of the sweet and charming book, a happy fiance and, later, wife, also fared rather badly as life went on.

"Last night gown mama made" and other remnants

“Last night gown mama made” and other remnants

The DNA match filled in a story that I half knew, and, I hope, helped both sets of descendants get a glimpse of happier times.  I have recorded the full contents of Teddy Baldwin’s Book” as a pdf HERE for them to see.

"From gray flannel skirt" - perhaps that is Bessie's stitching.

“From gray flannel skirt” – perhaps that is Bessie’s stitching.

In closing

I had put this information together in December, and on Christmas Eve morning, sent it to my third cousin, supposing that if he saw his family he would pass it on.  I got a very nice reply from his mother, and corresponded with her a bit.  I am glad to have met them – and in fact, I have “met” online some of Clara’s descendants, too – and it seems good to put some pieces back together, even in such a small way, of what was obviously once a supportive family group.

Later in February, I am going to meet another second cousin on my father’s side. She emailed me a picture which was a big hit with my family.  I didn’t exactly start DNA to connect with cousins, but it has been rather amazing to do so.

Next steps

My aspiration at this point is to use the following blog posts to process some of the other information a little better:

SO MUCH to learn with DNA, and it’s slow.  I don’t know Roberta J. Estes, author of the DNA eXplained blog, but she appears to be some kind of genius. Her work at dna-explained.com is extensive, well written and really illuminating.

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2015/12/30/dna-and-teddys-book/

 

 

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Recently I cam across an old booklet about the original Ballou settlers of northeastern Rhode Island, explaining the nature of their early homes and properties, with as much information about the location of each property as could be gleaned in 1914.  The booklet is:

The Ballou Pioneer Settlers of the Second Generation in the Louisquisset Country

and How They Lived

An Address delivered by

Col. Dal’l R Ballou

Before the Annual Meeting of the

Ballou Family Association of America

Held on September 5, 1914

Clearly, the author had relied a great deal on Adin Ballou’s An Elaborate History and Genealogy of the Ballous in America, published in 1888, for his genealogical information (he refers to it as the “Ballou Book”).  But for the house information, one can tell he visited each location (probably just prior to this publication, in 1914) and gives some updated information about how to find the properties.

For someone obsessed with the location of ancestral homes, like me, these clues will be worth exploring some day.  I am copying the text of pages 5 – 16 here, so please note I did not write this.  THESE FACTS AND LANDMARKS ARE FROM 1914, one hundred years ago.  In the hopes that they might help someone today, I am placing them here where they will be picked up in searches.

note: I have omitted, here, the beginning and ending of the essay.  At the beginning of the booklet some rather grand claims are offered about the characteristics of all Ballous throughout history.  Towards the end of the piece, the author waxes nostalgic about olden times, quilting bees, and (for two pages) contrasted the table manners of children of yore to the present-day children of his time.  So I have chosen to limit this version to pages 5 – 16 only. The author also mentions the ancestors of President James A. Garfield’s mother, who was a Ballou, and that remains in the text, below.  No doubt the Ballous were proud of that connection in 1914, and it’s still kind of cool today. All pictures are reproduced from Adin Ballou’s An Elaborate History and Genealogy of the Ballous in America, published in 1888, and placed rather randomly here.  The pictures are of more recent dwellings, not the pioneer dwellings. The full pamphlet can be found here.   

My relationship to the early Ballous is as follows – Maturin(1) – John(2) – John(3) – John(4) – Richard(5) – Mercy Ballou(6) – Nancy Ann Aldrich – Ellis Aldrich Darling – Addison Parmenter Darling – Russell Earl Darling – Edna May Darling (my grandmother).

The Ballou Pioneer Settlers, an Address by Col. Daniel R. Ballou, 1914

Mathurin Ballou1, the ancestor, died sometime between 1661 and 1663, leaving lands in what is now the town of Lincoln, then Providence, which were called the Out-lands, being grants made to the original grantees of lots in the town of Providence. When the surviving children John2, James2, Peter2 and Hannah2, came of age these lands, together with those inherited from their grandfather, Robert Pike, who had then deceased, were divided between them and their mother.  The three sons settled on their several portions about the year 1685. The evidences all point to the fact that James Ballou2 was the first of the three brothers to settle on the Louisquisset Outlands.  He was followed by Peter2, the youngest, and John2, the eldest Peter’s homestead was situated westerly from that of James2 and John’s2, southwesterly. Some portions of the Louisquisset country in which they settled were held in very high estimation by the Providence Proprietors and as early as 1658 a Committee was appointed to clear up some of its wild lands. There were some open meadows formed in many locations by beavers, which were capable, on being cleared, of producing very nutritious grasses for feeding cattle. The meadow south of the James Ballou2 domicile is one of those formed by beavers, which in earlier days was cleared and ditched by enterprising Ballou farmers, producing great crops of English hay.

John Ballou2 , born presumably about 1650, was the eldest son of Marturin, and lived a number of years previous to 1679 alternately in Providence and on the Island, either at Newport or Portsmouth. He married for his first wife, Hannah . . . . surname or parentage unascertained, neither is there any further information known concerning her save that John2 was divorced from her by decree of the General Assembly, which then exercised judicial powers, at Newport in 1676 on the ground of incompatibility of temper—now held to be an insufficient cause. It is interesting to note that in a family who were so conspicuously peaceful there was one military hero. John’ served in the Indian War and was wounded. The General Assembly, at its October Sessions in 1684, passed the following Resolution: John Ballou2 is allowed 3 pounds in or as money to be paid by the General Treasurer for his cure of his wound in the late Indian War.” He married a second wife, by name Hannah Garrett, or Jarrett, January 4, 1678-9. Six children were the issue of this marriage.

  • John3 born Aug. 26, 1683; married Naomi Inman Feb. 5. 1713-4.
  • Maturin3 born about 1685; married Sarah Arnold, 2nd Mary Cooper.
  • Peter3 born Aug. 1, 1689; married Rebecca Esten May 13, 1714.
  • Sarah’s3 birth date not found. No satisfactory information obtained concerning her.
  • Hannah3 …. no trace concerning her.
  • Abigail’s birth date not found; married John Albright June 7, 1713-

John2 died according to the best information obtainable in 1714, but no record of it has been disclosed. The place of his burial even is unknown. There is an ancient grave yard known as the Streeter burial ground in a lot east of the Streeter house on land which was a portion of the John Ballou3 farm. There are a number of graves in this ancient place of burial having rough head and foot stones as was the custom in early days. John2 may have been buried here but it is only conjecture.

John’s2 eldest son, John3, inherited the larger part of the paternal estate. The other two boys, Maturin’ and Peter’ having reached their majorities presumably soon, went out from the home roof to seek their fortunes and abiding places.

Peter3 settled on Observation Hill, now known as Stump Hill formerly in the town of Providence, later Smithfield, now Lincoln, a quarter of a mile south of Observation Brook, which formerly furnished power to Olney’s factory. The house of Peter3 is still standing, to which has been added another of brick, of more recent construction, known as the Israel Sayles house.

“The two separate houses of which it consists face south on the north-east spur of the hill above the present mill pond, formerly a meadow, on the Moshassuck River and commands a fine view up the valley to the north …  The brick house, while old, is not the first part of the structure in interest. That place is easily taken by the battered wooden affair which stands at the west of the group. This is unique, for it is a story-and-a-half house, two rooms wide, framed in the ancient manner : . . . The stone chimney of the house has long since gone. The hearth, or part of it, is still in place. The framing is good and still appears in the outer wall. The house was built, probably, by Peter Ballon3 (John2, Maturin1) in 1714, the year of his marriage to Rebecca Esten. With this date the house readily agrees. It could be older.”

The writer has quoted the above description which accords with his own personal inspection of the ancient house of Peter Ballou3 from The Genealogical Magazine published in September, 1905 by Eben Pitman, 26 Broad Street, Boston, Mass.

Peter3 may have cleared up his farm and built a log house previous to his marriage for his first dwelling, and the house now standing subsequently. At any rate the present house is the type of that period and is doubtless the oldest Ballou house extant in Rhode Island. Peter was the father of Elder Maturin Ballou, a devout Baptist preacher of early days, and from him has descended eleven Universalist ministers, among whom was the great Universalist preacher and divine, Hosea Ballou 1st, and Hosea Ballou 2nd, a distinguished Universalist minister, scholar and educator.

“These,” says Rev. Adin Ballou6 in the Ballou Book, “seem to be uncommonly rich findings for the Universalists to derive from one Calvinistic mine.”

Ballou Meeting House, from An Elaborate History and Genealogy of the Ballous, p79

Ballou Meeting House, from An Elaborate History and Genealogy of the Ballous, p79

The Peter Ballou3 house may be reached from Smithfield Avenue over the road leading to the left, just after entering the village of Saylesville coming from Providence, which skirts the westerly side of the mill pond; following this road to a point about a half mile distant the brick house that has been added to the ancient structure, which from this view point partially obscures the elder structure, is plainly visible on the heights to the left.

Maturin Ballou3, brother of Peter3, settled on the easterly slope of Observation Hill, now Stump Hill, in the partial wilderness, felled the trees and cleared up a farm which joined his brother Peter’s3 on the north. Maturin’s3 settlement was probably previous to Peter’s3, which was presumably during the year of his marriage in 1714. Maturin3 was about four years Peter’s3 senior, who was born in 1680, the record of which has been preserved, while no record of Maturin’s3 birth date, the date of his first marriage, nor that of the birth of their child have been found. There is a tradition among Maturin’s descendants that he first built a log-house for his dwelling and alongside of it a vegetable cellar, a quarter of a mile away from the site of the present house, on the easterly slope of a ravine extending in a south-easterly direction from a point a little easterly of the house, towards what is now known as Smithfield Avenue, leading from Providence to Saylesville. Two excavations, bearing the appearance of great age, are pointed out by members of the Ballou family, now in possession, on the easterly side of the ravine overlooking at its bottom a small brook and a fine spring of water. Later on a house of the type of Peter’s3 was built on the site of the present one, having a stone chimney and fire-place.

This ancient house was partially demolished, remodeled and enlarged late in the eighteenth century into the present ample mansion of the Colonial type in which the old part was reconstructed and retained in the new, in which can be seen its huge oaken beams.

The present house faces the south, occupying a commanding position on the easterly slope of the hill overlooking Saylesville and portions of Lonsdale, Valley Falls, Central Falls and Pawtucket. It is interesting to know that this ancient homestead now owned by Mr. Nelson Judson Ballou6, a great grandson of Maturin3, has remained in the uninterrupted possession of the Ballous, descendants of John Ballou2, for quite two hundred years or more.

Maturin Ballou House , from An Elaborate History and Genealogy of the Ballous, p63

Maturin Ballou House , from An Elaborate History and Genealogy of the Ballous, p63

The Maturin Ballou3 house about three-eighths of a mile away may be reached from the Smithfield Avenue, near Saylesville, over a road that skirts the easterly slope of the ravine above-mentioned, which road is but a short distance, going easterly, from the road leading from the Avenue to the Pawtucket Water Works on Stump Hill.

It is not quite clear where the dwelling of John Ballou3, brother of Maturin3 and Peter3, was located. According to the Ballou Book his dwelling was “near the homestead of his Uncle James2,” it being described as “closely adjacent to the Old Streeter Place.” If this is correct, it cannot be that he occupied the domicile of his father, John2, which was quite a mile away from his Uncle James’2 dwelling and about half a mile from the Streeter Place. The more rational presumption, no other site of his dwelling being known, is that he dwelt in the paternal domicile located on the westerly part of his farm, bordering on the highway leading from Albion to Georgiaville; the homestead of his grandfather, John2, and with which farm he endowed his son John4 on January 26, 1738-9. John3 made his will April 19, 1755, giving Peter4, his son, the remaining half of his homestead, known as the Streeter Place. He died December 7, 1765, aged 83 years. The Old Streeter House stood about fifty to seventy-five feet south of the present house, now owned by Herbert T. Blackinton and near a spring since walled up as a well. A new house was built in 1861, on the present site, and later remodeled by its present owner. Peter4 had a natural daughter Rhoda, upon whom he bestowed his name, devising to her under his will all his real estate and making her his residuary legatee and executrix.

Rhoda Ballou married George Streeter, since which time Peter’s4 domicile has been known as the “Streeter House.” The house is located on the left or westerly side of the Louisquisset Pike, so-called, about one mile north of Limerock, in the town of Lincoln.

John4 settled on the ancient John Ballou2 home farm of 100 acres given him by his father in 1738-9. The ancient house was situated easterly of the road leading from Albion to Georgiaville about three-eighths of a mile from the railroad crossing of the Providence and Woonsocket electric road in a southerly direction therefrom. John4 sold at various times before his death several portions of his inheritance, giving the remainder to his sons John5, Benjamin5 and Richard5. Richard5 deeded his part to Benjamin5 February 21, 1780 and settled in the northeast part of Cumberland. Benjamin5 and John5 long held theirs as tenants in common, but made partition of same in 1783. John5 subsequently sold his part of the inheritance from his father, which coming some time afterwards into the possession of Judge Thomas Mann, he demolished the ancient domicile said to have been that of John2. There is nothing left now to indicate that there was ever a home there save an old well in the lots, four or five hundred feet east from the highway, and two lone graves on a sharp rise of ground southerly from the old well, formerly marked by two red sandstone tombstones, the broken fragments of which are scattered over the disappearing mounds, serving as mutely pathetic witnesses of human neglect and the destroying hand of time. These stones were erected out of respect and reverence for the memory of John Ballou5 and his wife Sabella by Richard Olney, her natural son, who was always recognized and treated by John as his own son and whom he also made his heir. The stones bear the names respectively of John Ballou5, died February 18, 1806, and Sabella Ballou, died December 20, 1805. Richard became a merchant in Burrillville and later in Providence, where he gained a competency. John5 and his wife sojourned with him for some time in Providence during their declining years. Returning to Smithfield they spent their remaining years in the family of his brother Benjamin5. Richard, having retired from business, removed to Oxford, Mass., where he lived and died a respected and influential citizen. Benjamin Ballou5, brother of John5, built the house standing on the right-hand side of the highway a few rods westerly from the crossing of the Albion road by the Providence and Woonsocket electric road on land deeded to him by his father, John4, in 1770. Benjamin’s daughter Mercy having later married Eleazer Mowry, the domicile came to be known as the Eleazer Mowry House.

James Ballou2, the second son of Maturin1, was born supposedly in 1652. He married Susanna Whitman July 25, 1683. Issue seven children, namely:

  • James3, born Nov. 1 , 1684; married Catherine Arnold Jan. 25, 1714, great-grandfather of Elizabeth Garfield, mother of President James A. Garfield.
Eliza Ballou Garfield , from An Elaborate History and Genealogy of the Ballous, p431

Eliza Ballou Garfield , from An Elaborate History and Genealogy of the Ballous, p431

  • Nathaniel3, born April 9, 1687; married Mary Lovett Dec. 7, 1716.
  • Obadiah3, born Sept. 6, 1689; married Damaris Bartlett, 2nd . . . . Salisbury.
  • Samuel3, born Jan. 23, 1692; married Susannah Arnold; 2nd, Mary Smith.
  • Susanna3, born Jan. 3, 1695; married John Inman; 2nd, Richard Sayles.
  • Bathsheba3, born Feb. 15, 1698; married Daniel Arnold Oct 16, 1720.
  • Nehemiah3, born Jan. 20, 1702; married. 1st, Mary Hall; 2nd, Abigail Perry.

James2 became an extensive land owner. His holdings were estimated to have been a thousand acres. With the estate conveyed to him by his mother and sister and his inheritance from his father and grandfather he became possessed of several hundred acres. He purchased lands in then Wrentham and Dedham, Mass., now Cumberland, of William Avery in 1690 and of Nathaniel Ware in 1706. James2 undertook, at the request of his mother, in her old age and growing infirmities, the care and keep of hcr and his sister Hannah2 during their lives, and in consideration of his undertaking, under an agreement in writing, his mother and sister conveyed to him all their properties. This transaction was very strongly disapproved by the eldest son, John2, who instituted legal proceedings for its annulment, which legal entanglement was inherited upon John’s2 death by his eldest son John3. It was fought out to a finish, James2 becoming fully exonerated by a final verdict  in his favor. It would seem injudicious in view of the outcome of this unfortunate family dispute for the descendants to re-open the case and fight it over again. It could serve no good purpose and add nothing to the history of the Ballou family.

The present Ballou house, built in 1782 by Moses Ballou is about one-half mile from the Streeter House, on the left hand side of the highway beyond, leading northerly to the village of Albion.

Nathaniel Ballou House , from An Elaborate History and Genealogy of the Ballous, p85

Nathaniel Ballou House, from An Elaborate History and Genealogy of the Ballous, p85

Samuel3 bestowed by will upon his youngest sons Moses4 and Aaron4 the home farm. Moses4, in a division on April 6, 1777, took the homestead and Aaron took as his share the part to the north and east of the home farm. By agreement he shared with Moses4 for a few months after the division, the home house. Aaron, during the summer of 1777, built the house now standing on the left of the highway going east from the James Ballou2 house, in which he lived until 1794, when he sold his real estate to Rufus George and Samuel Hill, and for many years since known as the Job Mann place, into whose possession it subsequently came. The dwelling-house he built is now standing and owned and occupied by a Mr. Page, who has remodeled it. Subsequently, Aaron4 settled in Galway, Saratoga County, N. Y., where he died March 19, 1816. Moses4 and Aaron4 were twins and were said to so nearly resemble one another that it was difficult for persons outside the family to distinguish the one from the other. Tradition says that being very fond of each other they had their barns built sufficiently near together to enable them to converse from their doors. It is interesting to know that only about forty years ago there was no accepted town highway leading to the James Ballou2 home, only a private way in passing over which from the Streeter Place there were five gates to open and shut.

The James Ballou2 family burial ground is located on the low ground to right of the highway going northeasterly, leading to and but a short distance from the house. Here rest the mortal remains of James Ballou2, his son Samuel3 and grandson Moses4, together with their wives and children including also without doubt, those of Grandmother Hannah and her daughter Hannah2. The grandmother died the fore part of January, 1712, the daughter having died previously. That the grandmother was buried in the ancient grave-yard seems more than probable, by reason of the time of the year of her death, it being midwinter, together with the unsuitable character of transportation over the rough trails of that period.

James Ballou III House Cumberland , from An Elaborate History and Genealogy of the Ballous, p91

James Ballou III House Cumberland , from An Elaborate History and Genealogy of the Ballous, p91

The oak tree that stands on the edge of the ledge overlooking the grave-yard, whose gnarled branches are now decaying was, as Mrs. Abby Abercrombie5. granddaughter of Moses Ballou4 , says, a mature tree and in a flourishing condition in her childhood. It is altogether probable that this tree was standing there when James Ballou2, two centuries and a quarter ago, located his log-cabin home, the white oak being a tree that attains to a great age.

[… poem omitted here …]

Peter Ballou2 as already pointed out settled in Louisquisset about the year 1685 on his portion of the Outlands inherited from his father and grandfather Pike. His domicile, probably a log-cabin, was located on or near the site of the old Colonial house of the Mann family, and about one-half mile in a northwesterly direction from the Streeter place on the Louisquisset Pike, a few yards west from the highway. There is a tradition that a man who was a weaver lived there before Peter came, whose house was burned by the Indians during King Philip’s War. The spacious old Colonial house now occupying the premises was erected late in the eighteenth century, and was for many years during the staging era maintained as a hotel, in later years by Judge Thomas Mann, having been discontinued after the completion of the Providence and Worcester Railroad, in 1847. The place is now owned by William G. Rich, Esq. There is a cellar beneath one of the buttings in the rear of the house in which were formerly found numbers of Indian arrow-beads and other like relics, but here is no evidence that it was the site of Peter’s domicile although it may have been. Undoubtedly in the  immediate neighborhood of the present house, if not on its actual site, stood the house of Peter Ballou2.  Peter married Barbara … supposedly in 1695, her surname, parentage, birth date, together with marriage date, remaining unascertained. The marriage date of Peter2 is fixed by the death of Peter3, his eldest son, in 1717.  So far as known the issue of his marriage were seven children, namely:

  • Pter3 [sic], born probably in 1696 and drowned in Blackstone River in 1717. aged 21 years.
  • William3, birth date unknown, supposed to have died young.
  • Jeremiah3, birth date unknown; .named Isabella Ross.
  • Barbara3, birth date unknown; married Valentine Inman.
  • Phebe3, birth date unknown; married James King Dec. 10, 1719
  • Jemima3, birth date unknown; married David Sprague.
  • Martha3, birth date unknown; married John King.

The identity as well as record evidence of the family have been lost. Peter2 had a grandson by the name of Jeremiah4, a son of Jeremiah3. This grandson in some unaccountable way acquired the nickname of “Bumble Dorum”, by which name he was alone known, the meaning of which remains an unsolved mystery. This Bumble Dorum, who was a mechanic, went accompanied by his son Joseph R5. to Hartford (either in New York or Conn.) about 1823 for the purpose of either making or setting up some machinery, taking with them some baggage, among which was the fami y Bible containing important data, together with other book, and papers, which were lost, so that very little information concerning Peter’s2 family is available.

The story was told by Mr. Peck, a patron of the Ballou Book, by a Mr. Keach, husband of Bumble Dorum’s daughter, Betsy Ballou5, who lived in Lawrence, N. Y., that the former’s sons, Joseph R.5 and Jeremiah5, while in Lawrence making and putting up some spinning frames, suddenly and secretly left and were never heard from; although it was humored among relatives that Jeremiah5 was seen afterward in Buffalo. Statements of other relatives purport that they were murdered for their money.

The death of his son was a severe blow, as well as a bitter discouragement to Peter2, who had very much relied upon his assistance in making certain important improvements on his farm. He had projected extensive plans for reclaiming certain beaver meadows capable of producing nutritious grasses for his cattle, through which Crook Falls Brook runs, and which now serves as a conduit for the Woonsocket water supply. For that purpose he had partially built a dam, known to this day as “Peter’s Dam,” the ruins of which may be seen a short distance from the Louisquisset Pike going north from Peter’s homestead at the bridge on the road leading from the Pike to the Woonsocket Water Works Reservoir.  A short distance above the dam,  amid a tangle of bush and briers, may be seen the ruins of an ancient beaver dam.

So greatly disheartened was Peter and so grief-striken were both himself and his wife, that it was decided to sell the farm and seek another domicile. He found a purchaser in Daniel Mann on April 7, 1718, and on the next day a deed was executed by John Darlie conveying to him his homestead containing with its right of common, 60 acres situated in the town of Scituate. The exact site of Peter Ballou’s2 homestead in Scituate is somewhat obscure, its location here mainly derived from imperfect descriptions contained in the early land records of the town of Providence and Scituate. As nearly as can be determined from these scant records Peter’s2 farm was located about one mile and a quarter southerly from North Scituate, on the westerly side of Moswausicut River, in the neighborhood of what is now known as Parker’s Crossing, on the Providence and Danielson Railroad and is entirely west of the seven-mile line. It appears from the land records of the town of Providence that the proprietors laid out to Nathan, Joseph and Job Waterman, in 1724, 176 acres of land on both sides of Moswausicut River, and which is mentioned in later deeds as “a little east of Jeremiah Ballou3, in Scituate” – to whom Peter2, his father, devised by will all his real estate. Jeremiah 3 sold the homestead on February 26, 1746, subsequent to the death of his mother, to John Potter, of Scituate, describing it in part in the deed as bounded beginning, “on the easterly corner with a poplar tree marked, standing on the easterly side of the river and is also a corner of the Waterman land” … “Containing by estimation 127 acres in all, excepting two rods square of land which I reserve for a burying place where said burying place now is.” This reservation was evidently the burial ground of his father  and mother.

Daniel Mann, who purchased of Peter his Smithfield farm, exchanged it with his brother John, who became the owner.  John Mann, who came into possession of Peter’s farm, was the grandfather of Judge Thomas Mann, a man of considerable importance in the old town of Smithfield.  Here John Mann, his son and grandson, lived and died.  The farm subsequently descended to Stafford Mann, one of the Judge’s sons. The Mann family is entitled to the most appreciative acknowledgments from the Ballous for having always sacredly protected the grave of Peter Ballou’s2 son, they having built a substantial fence of stone posts and iron rods enclosing the square of land reserved by Peter2 for the resting place of his lamented son.

There is very little information at hand concerning members of Peter’s family except Jeremiah3, to whom Peter2 devised his real estate, and who married Isabelle Ross, of Gloucester.  Peter2 died September 1, 1731, aged about 77 years, leaving quite a large landed estate but only a modest personal property according to the inventory filed by his executor. Jeremiah3 dwelt on the homestead until the death of his mother, when he sold it to John Potter, on February 2b, 1746. Peter’s2 son Jeremiah3 was a land speculator, buying land and selling it in various localities.  He was not a successful trader, finally losing all his property and becoming broken down with the infirmities of old age.

Nathaniel Ballou House , from An Elaborate History and Genealogy of the Ballous, p85

Nathaniel Ballou House , from An Elaborate History and Genealogy of the Ballous, p85

The author, Daniel Ross Ballou, was a Civil War veteran, prominent Providence attorney, and served as an officer of several Civil War commemorative organizations. His name is sometimes listed alongside my uncle, William Wilberforce Douglas, making me think they would have known each other both within the Civil War organizations, and in legal and political circles.

Col Dan'l Ross Ballou, author of the address reproduced in this post.  Portrait from  Proceedings of the Ballou Family Association of Amertca, First Meeting, 1908.

Col Dan’l Ross Ballou, 1837-1923, author of the address reproduced in this post. Portrait from Proceedings of the Ballou Family Association of America, First Meeting, 1908.

The post you are reading is located at:  http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2015/01/19/the-ballou-pioneer-settlers/

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My recent DNA matches to other descendants of the Andrews family of East Greenwich, Rhode Island helped me to realize that I had found the correct origins for my ggg-grandmother Hannah Andrews, but left many important gaps in my information.  I am related to Hannah in the following way:  my grandmother Edna May Darling – her father Russell E Darling – his mother Emma L Lamphere – her mother Hannah Andrews.  Hannah’s parents are Jesse Andrews and Sarah Arnold.

This branch of the tree looks like this:

pedigree chart of my gggg-grandfather Jesse Andrews

pedigree chart of my gggg-grandfather Jesse Andrews

Although Hannah’s parents are Jesse Andrews (son of Phillip) and Sarah Arnold (daughter of Joseph) who married in 1795 in Warwick, Rhode Island, there are several problems with Hannah’s tree:

  • I am not even showing Jesse’s wife Sarah Arnold’s family here, because I have a theory they are Joseph Arnold and Dinah Wightman, but I am far from proving that. Arnold was a very common name, and there were at least four Joseph Arnolds in the second half of the 1700’s in Warwick, and possibly six or eight. The ancestors of Joseph and Dinah are a Who’s Who of early Warwick – Greenes, Holdens, Wightmans, and Gortons – but so far, nothing is proven yet.
  • Jesse’s mother is named Freelove, and was the head of household in Warwick for several decades after the (apparent) death of her husband Philip, sometimes next to Jesse Andrews and Joseph Arnold.  Freelove’s family is unknown to me.
  • The Andrews ancestors appear in all parts of Philip’s tree, and their genealogy was compiled by Harriet Frances James.  I have studied her work at the Rhode Island Historical Society in two forms – a scrapbook of columns she wrote late in life for a local newspaper about the Andrews genealogy, and a more formally compiled version of her work produced by Anthony Tarbox Briggs and published in a few small volumes.  Many of the early Andrews appear in local vital, land, and military records.

I don’t want to lose my opportunity at the Family History Library in February to move this along, so I have been working on three particular problems.

1.  Is Jesse’s mother really Freelove?  What evidence can I find?

The idea that Jesse’s mother was named Freelove came from the fact that she was located next to Jesse in the 1810 census in Warwick, and also appeared in the 1790 census as a head of household. Other evidence such as vital records had eluded me. Rhode Island research can always be assisted by consulting the R.I. Genealogical Society’s Rhode Island Roots, available now on the NEHGS website.  I went to Advanced Search:

http://www.americanancestors.org/search/advanced-search/

and chose Category: Journal and Periodicals, and Database: Rhode Island Roots.

Previously I had been making use of my old CD of volumes 1 – 30 of Rhode Island Roots.  So the NEHGS digital compilation (which covers volumes 1 – 34, and will remain about 5 years out in the future, I believe) was the first time I saw an index for volume 31.  An article by Cherry Fletcher Bamburg appeared in volume 31, March, 2005, p. 33 – 39, “Warwick Residency Certificates, 1737-1820.”  The author explained the meaning of “warnings out” and her discovery of “a folder of the original residency certificates at Warwick City Hall.” A transcription of the certificates followed.

Freelove’s entry (p. 36) reads:

For:  Freelove Andrew, widow of Philip, and ch. of Philip Andrew   From:  Coventry    Date:  8 Dec. 1787

This was a huge discovery for me, because it was the only time I had seen her name connected with Philip (no marriage record has been found).  Philip had died by February, 1786 when son Christopher “son of Mr Philip Andrews, decd” was married by Elder John Gorton (Elder John Gorton and the Six Principle Baptist Church of East Greenwich, Rhode Island by Cherry Fletcher Bamburg, RIGS, 2001, p. 325).  How long was Freelove in Coventry?  Had her husband Philip been there with her prior to his death, or did she go there after his death, perhaps to be near her own family?

Philip often performed military service in the 1760’s and 1770’s and he may have had other lines of work, but I don’t know.  Philip was enumerated in a military census in Warwick in 1777, and, according to cards in the Revolutionary War index at the Rhode Island State Archives, and muster rolls on Fold3, he served during most of the Revolutionary War and was in Col. Topham’s regiment as late as 1780.  So his death occurred between 1780 and 1786.

Philip Andrews on Major Chirstopher Manchester's Company Muster Roll, 1780. NARA M246. Muster rolls, payrolls, strength returns, and other miscellaneous personnel, pay, and supply records of American Army units, 1775-83. Folder 58, p. 93. Roll 88, Rhode Island. Found on Fold3.com.

Philip Andrews on Major Christopher Manchester’s Company Muster Roll, 1780. NARA M246. Muster rolls, payrolls, strength returns, and other miscellaneous personnel, pay, and supply records of American Army units, 1775-83. Folder 58, p. 93. Roll 88, Rhode Island. Accessed on Fold3.com.

I have already learned from Gleanings from Rhode Island Town Records: Early Coventry Records, compiled by Catherine Hey and published as the 2010 Special Bonus Issue of Rhode Island Roots, that Phillip Andrews was taxed in Coventry in 1768 (p. 126) and 1769 (p. 130).  Author Catherine Hey provides an interesting preface about the origins of early Coventry, which was set off from Warwick in 1741, and notes about the record sets.

At the Family History Library, I will be exploring records (particularly deeds) for Coventry, Rhode Island, but I suspect a visit to Coventry town hall will also be needed.

2.  What was Freelove’s maiden name? 

Freelove was a fairly common name in Warwick, so it may or may not be a clue.  I am using two forms of attack on the problem of finding Freelove’s family.

Explore in full her husband’s Andrews tree.  This has been very interesting.  The Andrews were quite intermarried with each other (not complaining, I think that helped me find so many matches to them in mom’s DNA).  The nearest non-Andrews ancestors to Philip were his two grandmothers, Rebecca Sweet and Judith Matteson.  I have not gotten too far with reliable information on the Sweets, and I have compiled a list of sources I will be using at the Family History Library and the Rhode Island Historical Society Library.  But the Mattesons were easier to explore.  Apparently the original immigrant, Henry Matteson, came from Denmark.  The Mattesons, Weavers, and Andrews first appeared on the Portsmouth/Newport side of Rhode Island, and moved on to North Kingstown/East Greenwich/Warwick in the late 1600’s.  I need to examine the Andrews sources again, and I’ll have another post after I do, but it seems clear these families intermarried a lot and they are NOT the same families I am seeing in the Arnold line I’m investigating as Sarah’s family.

Look at the trees of my mother’s DNA connections where the link seems likely to be early Warwick/East Greenwich R.I. families.  Obviously, I don’t necessarily trust the trees of these matches, but I review them and do some exploring on my own. I paid attention to trees where the particular branch I am likely to be related to was obvious, and also used the matrix, common matches, and comparison tools in Family Tree DNA.  These are new to me so I spent a lot of time just figuring things out.  For this I only paid attention to “Longest Block” matches of 10 cM or more.

By searching for some early Warwick names among the ancestors of mom’s matches, I found that mom was related to two people descended from a Rice/Stafford/Greene/Wightman family of early North Kingstown, R.I.  Those people were cousins to each other, so it’s no coincidence their trees matched.  This is how they matched mom’s DNA (along with one additional person) – the match is roughly 13 cM, on Chromosome 11:

Three people that match mom, viewed in the Family Finder chromosome browser.

Three people that match mom, viewed in the Family Finder chromosome browser. The match is about a 13cM match.

I later found one or two others in this exact spot, but none had trees on Family Tree DNA.  It’s hard to know what to think, but a match with Wightmans/Greenes would support the theory I have about Sarah Arnold.  I suspect this little group is related to Jesse’s wife Sarah or his mother Freelove.  I find with my early Rhode Island or Massachusetts families that even fairly close matches turn out to be quite a ways back.  And more distant matches are not findable at all.

3.  The wife of Philip and Freelove’s son Christopher was Freelove Rice.  What can I learn from that relationship? 

Philip had, I believe, several siblings but I only know the name of one – Christopher Andrews.  Christopher married Freelove Rice of Warwick and moved to Pittstown, New York, and they are buried there.  The Rice family happens to have some excellent documentation.  Cherry Fletcher Bamburg published 4 articles on them in Rhode Island Roots:

  1. Bamburg, Cherry Fletcher.  “Major Henry Rice of Warwick and His Family.”  Rhode Island Roots 24 (March/June 1998): 1 – 60.
  2. Bamburg, Cherry Fletcher.  “John1 Rice of Warwick, Rhode Island.”  Rhode Island Roots 24 (September/December 1998): 153-168.
  3. Bamburg, Cherry Fletcher.  “John2 Rice, Jr.,  of Warwick, Rhode Island.”  Rhode Island Roots 25 (September 1999): 81-118.
  4. Bamburg, Cherry Fletcher.  “John2 Rice, Jr.,  of Warwick, Rhode Island (concluded).”  Rhode Island Roots 27 (March 2001): 1 – 26.

I printed these articles, placed them in a 3 ring folder, and have studied them carefully.  And that was good, because although I saw no solid links to a possible mother for Christopher, studying them helped me find something in the DNA matches.  It didn’t strike me at first, not until I had revisited the articles once again.

In the graphic above, several people matched mom in one spot.  On the tree associated with two female cousins, I see they are descended from Freelove’s grandparents, Capt. Randall Rice and Dinah Greene.  Their tree contains the same details as the articles mentioned above (Family Tree DNA trees do not show sources), giving me a bit of extra confidence in the work of these 2 cousins.  Their family descends from son Fones Rice, who married Susannah Havens (and my mom is unlikely to be descended from that couple, since they were in Clarendon, Vermont by 1775 according to article 4 (above), page 11).  The link to my mom could also possibly be in Susannah’s early Warwick family, but still, it is interesting to get a clue that mom could be related to Freelove Rice.  Freelove’s father is their son Job Rice.

Freelove Rice with her parents and grandparents.  Image from Family Tree Maker.

Freelove Rice with her parents and grandparents. Image from Family Tree Maker.

I definitely intend to focus on Freelove’s family going forward.  I need to find the ancestor “Freelove” that she may have been descended from (or perhaps it was a sibling somewhere) and move forward from there.  The fact that Christopher’s mother had the name Freelove, and his wife did, didn’t seem like a huge clue before, but it’s starting to.

So I have several things to follow up on in Salt Lake City:

  • looking at Coventry records in the 1780’s for evidence of Philip’s activities there, and any links to other family
  • consult every part of the documentation on the Andrews compiled by Harriet Frances James
  • Explore resources I have found for the Sweet and Matteson families

And follow up at home:

  • complete Freelove’s ancestral tree
  • compile a full military record for Philip, and see who he served with
  • keep searching for evidence of Freelove or Philip’s deaths.

If my gggg-grandmother Freelove IS related to the younger Freelove (Rice) Andrews, this would help to build the case of the possible parents I have found for Jesse’s wife Sarah Arnold.  They share Wightmans, Gortons, and Greenes.  Interesting!

The post you are reading is located at: http://onerhodeislandfamily.com/2015/01/03/in-search-of-freelove-andrews

A street in Newport, from Sketches of Early American Architecture by O.R. Eggers, 1922.

A street in Newport, from Sketches of Early American Architecture by O.R. Eggers, 1922.

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